Retinoic ointment acne appointed as a self-treatment (monotherapy), and as part of comprehensive treatment. But the doctor must take into account the fact that retinoic ointment can not always be combined with other drugs. For example, do not combine it with the use of antibiotics of the tetracycline group and corticosteroid hormones.
Why there are spots on the skin
Acne (acne and pustular rash) on the face, upper chest and back most often occur in adolescence on the background of hormonal disorders. The main cause of acne is the increased secretion of male sex hormones androgens. Such violations can occur both in men and in women's body.
Under the influence of androgens varies sebaceous glands located in the mouths of hair follicles of the skin. The sebaceous glands begin to produce large amounts of sebum increased viscosity. At the same time increases the process of proliferation (proliferation) and exfoliation of epithelial cells of the sebaceous glands. Desquamated epithelial cells mixed with sebum viscous, forming a plug - comedones. The corked sebaceous glands develop infection and produced infectious-inflammatory process. Since forming pimples or acne.
The formation of acne is also enhanced due to the rapid growth of the body of a teenager and a lag in the development of the immune system - the required number of immune cells just do not have time to develop.
The cause of acne on the skin can be reduced immunity against various other diseases (eg diabetes), pregnancy and so on.
The infectious-inflammatory process in the skin is most often caused by Staphylococcus aureus. This initially appears redness and swelling of the tissue, and then the abscess, which goes from the middle of the hair. Maturation of purulent process leads to the appearance of the skin - painful red nodules with yellow head - pimples or acne.
In severe forms of acne
Acne: facial trouble
multiple abscesses may coalesce to form subcutaneous abscesses to extensive softening of tissue and necrosis, which is a field of healing scars are formed.
Treatment of acne using retinoic ointment
Treatment of acne - a difficult task. Assign treatment usually individually on the basis of inspection and, if necessary, an additional examination of the patient. Treatment is usually given the complex, it consists of antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory agents, nutrition
Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food
, Healthy lifestyle, and so on.
Today, the complex treatment of acne
Acne treatment: how to get rid of blackheads
often administered retinoids. Sometimes, with milder forms of the disease, they are administered as a single agent, using the dosage form for external application (eg retinoic ointment). When moderate to severe forms of retinoids administered systemic effects (in the form of drugs for oral and rectal suppositories) as part of a treatment.
Retinoic ointment applied to the affected skin twice a day for four to six weeks. During this time, part of the ointment retinoid isotretinoin (biologically active vitamin A) has a significant effect on skin. It inhibits the proliferation of epithelial cells of the sebaceous glands, and promotes active maturation and differentiation of skin cells. Simultaneously, it regulates the secretion of sebum and its composition, and has a stimulating effect on the immune system.
Retinoic ointment has a good therapeutic effect, but not immediately, but after a week or two of use.
What obstacles may arise during the treatment?
Very often, there are not any obstacles. But sometimes it may cause side effects such as the spread of acne after one or two weeks of treatment. In this case, it is recommended to interrupt treatment, wait for the process subsided, and only then to continue the course of treatment.
But sometimes exacerbation of the underlying disease can be confused with an allergic reaction. This appears on the skin of a diverse nature itchy allergic rash. But this rash appears most often in the first days of application of ointment (usually the second or third day) and then amplified. Any allergic reaction requires immediate discontinuation of the drug.
This is contraindicated use of retinoic ointment
It is very dangerous to use retinoic ointment
Retinoic ointment - help with acne and wrinkles
during pregnancy - even a small amount of retinoids getting into the blood can cause abnormal development and fetal toxicity. Therefore, do not prescribe retinoids, even in the period of preparation for pregnancy. Retinoic ointment should not also be used if you are hypersensitive components ointment, children and adolescents, and at the same time with the antibiotic tetracycline
With care ointment prescribed for kidney, liver, pancreas and cardiovascular decompensation (with impaired function).