Hypochondriacal syndrome - accompanied by a variety of diseases

July 29, 2010

 The symptoms of hypochondria Hypochondria - when fear suddenly rolled  Hypochondria - when fear suddenly rolled
   Hippocrates described the term as "hypochondria" was proposed in the II century Roman physician K.Galenom, which assumed that the cause of this disease is the disorder in the hypochondrium (gipohondrion - area of ​​the body under the cartilaginous part of the ribs, in ancient times believed that it is here the location of the disease).

 Hypochondriacal syndrome - accompanied by a variety of diseases

What it is?

Hypochondriacal syndrome - a painfully exaggerated concern for their health, as well as belief in the presence of a disease in the absence of the actual disease.

In the early stages of the development of psychiatry hypochondria viewed as a distinct disease, and later began to consider that it is only a syndrome that accompanies various diseases. Features hypochondria defined disease, against which it develops, so there is a whole group of hypochondriacal syndromes (phobic, depressive, senestopaticheski-hypochondriacal, delusional).

 Hypochondriacal syndrome - accompanied by a variety of diseases

Phobic hypochondriac syndrome

Phobic (neurotic) hypochondriac syndrome occurs in the neuroses - functional (recoverable) disorders of the nervous system that have arisen because of the stress and long-term emotional and mental stress. This is usually thought of suffering severe cardiac, cancer, sexually transmitted diseases and so on, constantly harassing the patient. Such thoughts are amenable to dissuade. Sensations of the internal organs when they are dependent on concomitant autonomic disorders (the autonomic nervous system innervates internal organs and blood vessels, it is very sensitive to the mood of the patient, causing, for example, spasms of smooth muscles of her jurisdiction), and have a clear whereabouts. In some cases, they can occur in the background of a slight illness of the internal organs.

 Hypochondriacal syndrome - accompanied by a variety of diseases

Depressive hypochondriac syndrome

Depressive hypochondriac syndrome occurs on the background of the doldrums. If there are persistent depressed mood that can not be thought of correcting any incurable disease. This excruciating pain patients convince a sufficiently precise localization (location). Ipohondnichesky depressive syndrome can not be dissuasion and remains as long as the depression continues Depression - a little more than a bad mood  Depression - a little more than a bad mood
 . There is this kind of hypochondria often in manic-depressive psychosis Manic-depressive illness - which phases are the most dangerous?  Manic-depressive illness - which phases are the most dangerous?

 Hypochondriacal syndrome - accompanied by a variety of diseases

Senestopaticheski-hypochondriac syndrome

Senestopaticheski-hypochondriac syndrome usually occurs during slow schizophrenia at a time when the patient has not yet developed delusions (strong belief in something untrue). Senestopatii - a painful unusual sensations on the surface of the body under the skin in the head, in the legs, inside the body.

Describing his feelings, patients talk about feeling "as if the skin touching the fur on it continuously carried out with a wire brush, leather heated, pull under the skin it takes some movement over the head pass jet of cold, blood vessels in her tense, burst in joints felt sand, deformed limbs, internal organs burns, they are turned, glued, and so on. " Senestopatii schizophrenia abundant, varied and not comparable with the usual feelings, they are a constant and important part senestopaticheski-hypochondriac syndrome. This syndrome arises as organic diseases of the central nervous system (traumas, stroke, tumors and so on). Single senestopatii meet with nervousness.

 Hypochondriacal syndrome - accompanied by a variety of diseases

Delusional hypochondriac syndrome

Delusional hypochondriac syndrome occurs in schizophrenia and can occur in three ways: paranoid, paranoid and paraphrenic. Brad - is a false judgment about anything due to causes painful and is not supported by objective data.

When paranoid delusions hypochondriacal syndrome develops with conviction in the presence of severe disease, evidence drawn from experiences of the past. Patients aggressively seeking new and new studies of doctors accused of neglecting. When sprouting such delusions Brad - not only crazy  Brad - not only crazy
   there are ideas of persecution, organized by doctors.

Hypochondriacal syndrome of paranoid delusions combined with the phenomena of mental automatism (thoughts and voices sounding in his head schizophrenic patient against his will). If the patient has previously been senestopatii, they acquire the character of hallucinations (eg the patient it seems that his body crawling worms). There are ideas of exposure: the patient believes that his is irradiated at a distance of some devices, invisible rays pass through his body, destroying the brain and internal organs.

With further development of the disease is formed paraphrenic hypochondriac syndrome. Brad gets fantastic grandiose character. The impact is perceived as coming from other planets, the whole body is destroyed. Brad combined with numerous hallucinations: patients see, hear and feel what is actually there.

Provided as nihilistic hypochondriacal delusions where patients are convinced that their insides rotted, no heart, and so on. Such nonsense is common with age-related psychosis.

Treatment hypochondriac syndrome - a treatment of the underlying disease and the earlier it starts, the more optimistic outlook for the will of the patient.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • neuroses

Nootropil tablets - to restore the brain

March 18, 2012

 nootropil pills
 Nootropil - nootropic agent has a beneficial effect on metabolism Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting  Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
   in brain cells, cerebral blood flow, improves communication between the hemispheres of the brain, conduction of nerve impulses. All this leads to an improvement in brain function and improvement in overall mental performance.

 Nootropil tablets - to restore the brain

How do the pills nootropil

Active ingredient nootropil piracetam is that the various pharmaceutical companies sold under the name Lutset, memotropil, nootobril, nootsetam, pirabene, Pyramus, piratropil, stamina, cerebrovascular, and other eskotropil. Nootropilum available in tablets, coated tablets, 800 and 1200 mg. Also produced nootropil capsules of 400 mg (producer - YUSB Pharma, Belgium).

After ingestion nootropil active ingredient rapidly and completely absorbed into the blood passes through the blood-brain barrier (brain) affects the brain cells, and then output in an unchanged form by the kidneys.

Nootropil activates redox processes in the brain cells, increases glucose uptake by cells (source of energy), improve local blood circulation in the brain regions that receive less oxygen and nutrients due to circulatory disorders. This increases the energy potential accelerates the synthesis of nuclear RNA and phospholipids in the brain. All this leads to increased stability of the tissues of the brain to oxygen deficiency and toxic effects. Also improves the speed of propagation of nerve impulses through the cells of the brain.

Overall nootropil enhances mental performance, memory and restores the ability to learn, as well as the rest of disturbed brain function. Nootropil also protects the brain in the case of lack of oxygen, toxic effect of various substances, improves blood circulation in the brain by improving blood flow.

Nootropil does not possess or psychoactive sedative effect, the effect it develops gradually.

 Nootropil tablets - to restore the brain


Nootropil is suitable for older people who have the problem starts with memory and mental stress tolerance - nootropil help them a long time to be in good shape. At older ages, when the problems become more serious, nootropil not allow these changes deepen and stabilize the condition.

When the effects of traumatic brain injury, and stroke nootropil neuroinfections administered in the form of long-term treatments - it helps to improve the metabolism and microcirculation in the affected areas of the brain and partially or fully restore their functions.

Today, the biggest problem is diseases such as alcoholism, drug addiction and substance abuse Substance abuse - as a child back to life?  Substance abuse - as a child back to life?
 In which the first to suffer brain. Nootropil helps to remove such patients from the state abstitnentsii (hangover state) and to restore the brain.

Children nootropil help overcome the effects of perinatal brain lesions, improve memory, learning ability. Children who take courses nootropil, better able to concentrate, do not get distracted, become less excitable and nervous.

Tablets nootropil taken before or during a meal, not chewing and drinking a small amount of liquid. Doses can be very different, it all depends on the patient, so the doctor selects the dose individually. Treatment long, at least three weeks. Children of school age to improve learning nootropil pills are sometimes given during the school year.

 Nootropil tablets - to restore the brain


Nootropil is contraindicated in bleeding in the brain, since it reduces the rolling capacity of the blood. Not applicable nootropil in advanced cases of kidney failure, because this drug is excreted through the kidneys.

Nootropil should not be taken during pregnancy, as it passes the placental barrier and can get to the fetus. Full clinical studies on the effects on pregnant women nootropil no reason. Do not use the tablets nootropil during breastfeeding Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!  Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!
   (He stands with human milk), as well as children up to three years (from one year to three years, the drug is only given in the oral solution) and hypersensitive to the components of the drug.

Precautions pills nootropil appointed in violation of blood clotting, bleeding and if the patient will have surgery.

Side effect

When the pill nootropil possible side effects. From the nervous system it can be agitation, restlessness, nervousness, drowsiness or insomnia, depressed mood of anxiety, dizziness, headaches, disturbance of balance and movement, worsening of seizure, hallucinations, increased sexual desire.

There may also weight gain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
 Allergic reactions.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • nootropil