Typically, menopause occurs unexpectedly for women. The woman said that is still young and is lost when the first signs of menopause. Later, a thought that menopause - a period of life during which pregnancy is impossible. In fact, pregnancy menopause is quite possible and desirable. Modern women are increasingly planning to later generations (after 35 years), which is associated with career development and the attainment of wealth (apartment, car, cash deposits). In turn, the pregnancy later in life accelerates menopause and adversely affects the course of menopause.
The terms "menopause" and "menopause" recently used less and less. More properly considered the following classification:
This stage preceding the end of menstruation. It comes in 45 years, and continues until the beginning of menopause, about three - seven years. In premenopausal menstrual cycle changes: lengthened intervals between periods, menstruation themselves becoming scarce, weakened hormonal ovarian function.
This stage begins after the last menstrual period and lasts 12 months, the average age of women was 50, 8 years old.
Postmenopausal stage begins after menopause and lasts until the complete cessation of ovarian function, that is, until her death.
The probability of pregnancy during menopause
Girl born with a certain number of eggs, which is 300-400 million and decreases in proportion to age. Woman in 51-52 years has only about 1,000 eggs.
But the chance of getting pregnant is stored and at menopause, although quite low.
At the menopause, ovarian function declines, leading not only to a decrease in estrogen production and the cessation of menstruation, but also the development of symptoms such as hot flushes, emotional lability, atrophic changes in the tissues of the bladder, urethra and pelvic floor muscles. And yet, within one year after the last menstrual period (some say over five years) it is necessary to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy.
The dangerous pregnancy in menopause?
During pregnancy, hormonal changes the body takes place. The same can be said about the menopause. In menopause exacerbated chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes mellitus
Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
, Systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.) that would adversely affect the pregnancy. In addition, pregnancy itself has a negative impact on the body of women in menopause. Worsens the kidneys, it leaches calcium from bones and teeth, impaired mineral metabolism.
In addition to the above listed, pregnancy, childbirth culminating in menopause is fraught with birth of a child with chromosomal and genetic abnormalities.
With age, egg quality deteriorates as lifelong female body exposed to a variety of adverse factors, and therefore increases the likelihood of having a child with Down's syndrome and other pathologies. Births occur during menopause complications and often end with postpartum hemorrhage and tearing of the birth canal.
Termination of pregnancy in menopause (medical abortion) dangerous to the development of various complications. The cervix of women of menopausal age atrophic, the cervical canal
Cervical canal - the path traversed by every person
barely expanded, increasing the risk of inflammatory disease and uterine bleeding
Uterine bleeding outside of menstruation - a sign of a serious breach
Advantages and disadvantages
The justification for the birth of a child in menopause can serve as the death of the previous or the lack of opportunities to give birth before (infertility, gynecological diseases, housing and material conditions). But we should not forget that in addition to the birth of the child in later life it still needs to grow and put on his feet.
How to protect themselves in menopause?
Unwanted pregnancy menopause can be prevented by taking hormonal preparations
Hormonal treatments - not only contraceptives
. The optimal solution is to receive contraceptives containing only progestin (the mini-pill, Depo-Provera, Norplant). Do not lose their popularity and barrier contraceptives (condoms, cervical caps, spermicides).