Allergy - a heightened sensitivity to any foreign substances. Substances that cause an allergy, called allergens. Allergens (or antigens) are essentially foreign proteins, but there are allergens and other non-protein nature.
Allergy treatment with antihistamines
Antihistamines also called the blocker of H1-histamine receptors. Histamine - a biologically active substance that causes allergic reactions and H1 receptors - are nerve endings that have affinity for histamine and transmitting nerve impulses caused by them. Lock H1-histamine receptors are located in the internal organs, leading to a decrease in tissue sensitivity to histamine and reducing the symptoms of allergic reactions such as nasal congestion, sneezing, itching, runny nose, a sharp drop in blood pressure
Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
Spasms of smooth muscle (mainly the bronchi, but also the intestine and the ureter) edema.
Antihistamines are used not only for the treatment of allergies, but also to eliminate the unwanted effects of histamine with extensive injuries of the skin and soft tissues, burns, frostbite, prior to surgery, and so on.
Today, there are three generations of antihistamines. The first generation of drugs in this group include diphenhydramine, promethazine, pipolfen, suprastin, tavegil, diazolin. All these preparations except antihistaminic effect and yet have significant side effects in the form of severe sleepiness. In addition, they act quickly and are more suited to the rapidly developing allergic reactions, long-term use reduces their effectiveness due to habituation.
By the second generation antihistamines are Claritin
Claritin - histamine receptor blocker
, Zyrtec, fenistil and others. Their action has been going on for about a day and they are much less cause drowsiness. In rapid allergic reactions
Allergic reactions: how to understand why you tickle in the throat
they are not effective as a therapeutic effect is only two to four hours after administration.
Antihistamines are the third generation - is telfast, feksadin, erius, ksizal and others. These preparations without drawbacks first- and second-generation. Action to develop them within an hour, the maximum concentration in the blood is three to seven hours, and the duration is at least 24 hours. And yet, if you take these drugs for a long time (at least a month), then they develop addictive.
A side effect of all generations of antihistamines, but varying degrees of severity are drowsiness, impaired attention, coordination and efficiency. There may also blurred vision, dry mouth, palpitations, breathing problems, dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
, Convulsions, impaired appetite and other effects.
Allergy treatment with homeopathic remedies
Homeopathic medicines are considered to be an aid in the treatment of allergies. In the appointment of such funds with allergies should consider the fact that almost all of them are of vegetable or animal origin, that is, have increased allergenicity.
For homeopathic remedies to treat allergies are drugs available in tablets (lyuffel, Rhinital, Influcid, Cinnabsin and others), droplets (shvef Khel, allergopent-EDAS, renitol-EDAS, karsat-EDAS, and so on), in the form of ointments, creams (Iricar) nozalnyh sprays (lyuffel).
Homeopathy - a treatment similar similar, i.e. in pharmaceutical preparations containing substances in large doses, can cause disease, they are treated. Therefore, while taking homeopathic remedies may initially occur exacerbation of the disease - this is considered a positive response.
Homeopathic remedies usually have a narrow spectrum of activity than antihistamines. Thus lyuffel available in tablets and in the form of a nasal spray, it is intended for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis. When allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis caused by pollen (hay fever) the drug in tablets should be used to start a month before the appearance of pollen and pollen during an appearance in addition to the tablets used as a nasal spray.
Reduces inflammation and itching Iricar - it comes in the form of ointments and creams for external use and is indicated for allergic skin reactions, including allergies to insect stings.
There are many homeopathic remedies. Their main advantages are the lack of side effects and contraindications for the reception. But the best way to help tailor-homeopath means cooked in a homeopathic pharmacy.
Take antihistamines for allergies or homeopathic remedies should be decided by the doctor.