Inhalation is a method of use of drugs, involving their inhalation, typically in the form of steam or, less frequently, gas and smoke. This method is often used in a variety of diseases affecting the airways primarily applicable inhalation bronchitis and asthma.
Steam inhalation bronchitis
Steam inhalation - this is what is meant by "inhalation" most people: common method of home treatment of colds, coughs, bronchitis. To perform this procedure, you will need about two liters of water, a small pot, a large glass bowl and stand for hot dishes, towels, soda (inhalation bronchitis with baking soda to help accelerate the process of expectoration of sputum), herbs or essential oils. Medicinal herbs can be used for inhalation of mint
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, Eucalyptus, chamomile pharmacy, salvia
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, Echinacea and needles fir or pine. Instead, you can use essential oils of eucalyptus, peppermint and pine. By the way, you can make such inhalation cough in children, caused by the common cold, and not just with bronchitis.
Pour water into a saucepan and bring it to a boil. If you use herbs, put them in the water at once, and when it boils, a few minutes keep the broth over low heat. Pour water into a large bowl (strain the broth is not necessary - you do not interfere with the grass) or put it on the table, put down a special stand. Now, in the water you can add two tablespoons of baking soda, a few drops of essential oil
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. Lean over the water, cover your head with a towel and a cup, and breathe the steam for at least ten minutes. Be careful not to bend too low - Hot steam can cause burns.
Inhalation of bronchitis in children should be shorter than that of adults. If an adult can breathe the hot steam for 20-30 minutes, or even longer, the children are better than reduced to 5-10 minutes. During inhalation, watch carefully for the child. He may be bored for a long time to sit in one place and do nothing (and ten minutes for the active child - it's a lot), and he can forget that before him hot water, which should be handled carefully.
Through inhalation for the treatment of bronchitis in a child, remind him that he must inhale the steam mouth - otherwise the effectiveness of the procedure decrease.
Sometimes experts recommend to do steam inhalation at an obstructive bronchitis, including in its chronic form. These procedures may increase the effectiveness of other drugs the patient is greatly facilitate and speed up healing. But alone steam inhalation for the treatment of bronchitis is often not enough.
Bronchodilators and antibiotics for bronchitis for inhalation
Fenoterol - a medicine for inhalation bronchitis, including chronic obstructive bronchitis and asthma. This formulation enhances the bronchi, and are often used in combination with antibiotics so that they can better and faster be absorbed in the tissue, which has developed a bacterial infection. Fenoterol contraindicated for allergies to components of the drug, as well as certain cardiovascular diseases. When high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and it is prescribed with caution, and such patients should be especially observed by a doctor.
The solution for inhalation in bronchitis from liquid fenoterola prepared immediately before use. To cook using saline; plain water, including boiled or filtered, can not be used. If after inhalation you will have a solution, it must be discarded. The procedure can be performed using a nebulizer or other inhaler. Side effects of fenoterol may be headaches, increased anxiety
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and slight tremor. Generally, these symptoms are mild and pass quickly; the vast majority of patients tolerate the drug well welcome.
Salbutamol - one bronchodilatory drug which can be used for the treatment of bronchitis. It is produced in the form of aerosols, and the patient for use of this medication is not necessary to prepare their own solution. However, in some cases, doctors prescribe a liquid salbutamol to be used via nebulizer. Possible side effects of Salbutamol - tremors and increased heart rate. The majority of patients they are observed only in the case of exceeding the recommended dose.
Antibiotics are rarely appointed bronchitis, if necessary, can be used such a drug as fusafungine (aerosol inhalation with the same active ingredient known as bioparoks). It should not be taken if you are allergic to the components of the drug, as well as children under three years.
In some cases, may be appointed, and antibiotics such as amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and doxycycline. If the treatment of bronchitis with inhaled antibiotic does not cause relief in 4-6 days after you start taking medication, consult your doctor.
Inhalation nebulizer for bronchitis
As we have said, with the help of nebulauzera can do inhalation using both herbal concoctions and bronchodilator drugs and corticosteroids, and local analgesics. Inhalation solution is poured into a special container (exactly where it is and how to open and close, depending on the design of the machine). The steam is inhaled through a tube shaped like the mouthpiece of a large size, or through a mask (the second option is usually the best for small children). Usually inhalation nebulizer lasts only five to ten minutes - less than the steam inhalation. The patient during the procedure should sit or recline, breathe deeply and slowly and, if possible, do not move.
Nebulizer necessarily need to be thoroughly cleaned prior to first use (after purchase), and after each subsequent use. If this is not done, it can not just stop working normally but also become a breeding ground for potentially dangerous microorganisms.