- Angina - is it worth it to carry "on their feet"?
Angina - an inflammation of the tonsils, in most cases are caused by viruses, but sometimes the cause is a bacterial infection. Since the success of the treatment of angina depends on its cause, of great importance is the correct diagnosis. Angina occurs most frequently in children and adolescents.
The most common symptoms of angina
Symptoms of angina - obvious and recognizable
- Red, inflamed tonsils;
- White or yellow coating on the tonsils;
- A sore throat;
- Difficult or painful swallowing;
- Enlarged, painful glands (lymph nodes) in the neck;
- Hoarse, muffled or guttural voice;
- Bad breath;
- Pain in the stomach, especially in young children;
- Stiff muscles;
In young children, who can not tell you how they feel symptoms of angina can be:
- Strong salivation because of the difficulty or painful swallowing;
- Refusal to eat;
- Unusual irritability.
Causes of tonsillitis
Activators of angina may include:
- Influenza viruses A and B;
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
- Streptococci of groups A and G, and beta-hemolytic streptococci;
- Epstein-Barr virus;
- Herpes simplex;
- Bacteria species Neisseria gonorrhoeae;
- Staphylococcus aureus.
In relatively rare cases, angina agents are other microorganisms.
The peak incidence of angina accounted for the winter and early spring. Angina is most common among children aged 6 to 12 years, but it occurs in all other age groups. Children under three years of angina is relatively rare, and its agents, in most cases a virus.
Whether infectious sore throat?
All types of tonsillitis are contagious, but the degree of infectiousness depends on the pathogen. For example, a viral sore throat
Viral sore throat, when sore throat
It is highly contagious and is easily transmitted from person to person. However, if it is caused by the same virus that is the causative agent of mononucleosis, it will be contagious only for people who first exposed to the virus - the rest have immunity, which effectively protects them from infection.
Among all the varieties of the most contagious bacterial sore throat is strep sore throat
Strep throat - one of the most common diseases of the throat
Why there is an infection
The tonsils produce certain types of white blood cells that fight disease. Thus, the tonsils act as a first line of defense of the immune system against bacteria and viruses that can get into a person's mouth.
This feature makes them particularly vulnerable to tonsil infection and inflammation. However, after the end of puberty the function of the tonsils is reduced - perhaps for this reason, angina relatively rare in adults.
How to recognize angina
The main symptoms of angina are:
- Sore throat (unilateral angina causes pain on one side only);
- White patches on the tonsils;
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck (with angina sided - one side only);
- General malaise.
Sometimes patients present only part of these symptoms. In most cases, a cough with angina is missing, but there may be exceptions. Sometimes there is a sore throat without fever
Angina without temperature - characteristics of the disease
, But no sore throat sore throat impossible - an inflammation of the tonsils is always a more or less severe pain.
Nausea and vomiting with angina are rare, and the appearance of these symptoms should immediately contact a doctor. A significant proportion of patients present with angina headache - usually it is weak or moderate, and it is easy to handle with the help of non-prescription analgesics.
How to determine on their own sore throat? This is a very topical issue as a sore throat and temperature is often observed in the common cold, and many people prefer to treat it yourself without going to the doctor. When angina is better to seek medical help. For more likely to put itself a correct diagnosis, it is necessary to know how to look the throat with angina - it is red, like the common cold, but in the back of the visible surface (on the tonsils) appears light touch, it is not typical of the common cold. In addition, the vast majority of patients with angina is not a cold, while a cold is rarely occurs without a cold.
Why go to the doctor if a sore throat, you can identify yourself and it is not so serious disease? Indeed, in many cases, angina may take the treatment of home remedies, even without treatment, but there is always the probability of being in a small percentage of those with this disease causes serious complications.
In the process of diagnosis the doctor asks the patient in detail about the symptoms and examines, in particular, examines the tonsils. A blood test angina doing relatively rare - usually in cases of suspected co-infections.
Complications of tonsillitis may include:
- Heavy breathing;
- Stopping breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea);
- Spread of infection to surrounding tissues;
- The accumulation of pus in the tissues of the tonsils.
Angina caused by streptococcus, can lead to complications such as rheumatic fever (an inflammatory disease that affects the heart, joints, and other tissues), and post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, inflammatory kidney disease, which may result in a violation output waste and excess fluid from the body.
In the diagnosis of angina in the first place make routine medical examination. The doctor feels enlarged tonsils, throat treats them with a special tool, and listens to the patient's breathing with a stethoscope.
In addition, make the analysis of throat swabs, which can help to identify streptococcal infection. Many hospitals have laboratories that test results can be obtained in just five minutes. However, in most cases, do another, more reliable analysis and the results are known within 24-48 hours. If the rapid test was positive, a sore throat is likely caused by a bacterial infection.
In rare cases, the diagnosis of angina also do a blood test.