Salmonella food poisoning - a danger which can be prevented - Treatment and Risk Factors
June 23 2013
- Salmonella food poisoning - a danger which can be prevented
- Treatment and Risk Factors
- How to prevent
Treatment and Risk Factors
Diagnosing Salmonella food poisoning
Food poisoning: how to avoid becoming a victim of its own stomach
possible by means of stool analysis
How to pass a stool, so as not to spoil it
. Often, the primary diagnosis is a suspected mass food poisoning (when a lot of people about the same time go to the doctor complaining of the same symptoms - often it turns out that these people were eating in the same restaurant chain).
Since food poisoning can be caused by many micro-organisms, for an accurate diagnosis is required to carry out laboratory tests.
Treatment of Salmonella food poisoning is a rather controversial issue. Some doctors do not recommend to prescribe antibiotics as self-limiting disease, and a healthy immune system to cope with it on their own. Other doctors prescribe a course of antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin, for 10-14 days. Some experts believe that antibiotics extend the period during which the patient is a carrier of salmonella (for some time, all patients are carriers).
Immunocompromised patients (eg, AIDS patients, people who are undergoing chemotherapy
Chemotherapy - it always falls the hair?
, Children under the age of two months and older) in the case of salmonella food poisoning antibiotics are needed. Sometimes they are also required hospitalization.
During pregnancy increases the risk of food poisoning (also due to the weakening of the immune system), so expectant mothers should be especially careful to wash and prepare food. When you see any sign of dehydration, especially if accompanied by fever, pregnant women should consult a doctor immediately.
Maintenance treatment of patients with salmonellosis is mainly to prevent dehydration. Patients are advised to drink plenty of water; sometimes it requires an intravenous infusion of saline solution.
Carriers of Salmonella are considered positive, even if they have no symptoms of food poisoning. They must take precautions to avoid infecting other people. Approximately 85% of carriers can be cured by means of combined use of surgical removal of the gallbladder and antibiotics.
Prognosis and complications
In 80% of the forecast for get Salmonella food poisoning is favorable - including for people with weakened immune systems, provided timely treatment. Typhoid fever and paratyphoid is very important to diagnose and start to heal as soon as possible. For patients who due to illness dehydrated, whose disease was detected too late, or it was caused by a particularly aggressive or resistant to the drugs species of Salmonella, the prognosis is less favorable. In the absence of treatment in 30% of cases of typhoid fever develop serious complications, and 1-2% of patients die. Among HIV-positive patients who did not receive timely treatment, the mortality rate reaches 60%. Severe complications of salmonellosis may include:
- Intestinal perforation;
- Aortic Aneurysm;
Risk factors in children
Salmonella food poisoning affects small children more often than other age groups, but in many cases, the infection can be avoided. Risk factors for Salmonella infection have been identified in the study, which examined 442 cases of salmonellosis children under one year. The most common symptoms of food poisoning in these children have diarrhea and fever; Symptoms usually pass within a week, but in two cases, the infection led to the death of patients. Parents of children filled with detailed questionnaires in which there were questions regarding the nutritional status of children and their contact with animals for five days before they were diagnosed with salmonellosis
Salmonellosis - features of the disease
. For comparison, the scientists gave the same profiles 928 parents of children who are not infected with salmonella.
The study identified six key differences between children get infected with salmonella, and those who did not have salmonella.
- Children who are breastfed, the likelihood of Salmonella food poisoning is lower than the others. The reasons for this are unclear, but similar results were obtained in other studies.
- Contact with reptiles increase the risk of salmonella. Reptiles can be carriers of salmonella and many experts do not recommend to keep them at home for those who have children under the age of five years.
- Children who during shopping sit in the same cart, where it was the meat (both animals and birds), most often infected with salmonella. To reduce the risk of infection, it is enough to put the meat as far as possible from the child (so he could not reach it), or to buy meat in a very dense package.
- Chances of infection of children with their parents travel to third world countries.
- Children who drank a mixture of concentrated nutrients, are more likely to become infected with salmonella. Why is this happening, it is not clear. There may be a violation of the rules of storage compounds, or that are added to the contaminated water.
- The risk of Salmonella infection increased in children older than 6 months, who go to kindergarten with children suffering from diarrhea.
Abdominal pain after eating, if there was a failure - the cause of pain
December 2, 2011
- Abdominal pain after eating, if fails
- The cause of pain
What is the cause of severe pain in the stomach after eating?
From time to time the stomach pain after eating, perhaps, at all. Mild pain may be the result of overeating and increased gas production. Severe pain may be more serious causes, such as food allergies or digestive disorders.
With food allergies the immune system responds to food as a potentially hazardous substances, from which you need to protect the body. The most common food allergens - shellfish, fish, nuts, soy and eggs. The manifestations of food allergy range from mild to life-threatening. Symptoms usually appear immediately after a meal. The most common symptoms of allergy are hives, severe abdominal pain, itching, swelling, nausea, dizziness,
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
and shortness of breath.
In food poisoning
Food poisoning: how to avoid becoming a victim of its own stomach
may indicate severe pain and abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite, weakness and fever. If symptoms persist for a few hours, you need to see a doctor.
Lactose intolerance can also cause severe pain in the abdomen
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
immediately after a meal. To properly digest dairy products, in particular, they contain lactose in the small intestine should be produced enzyme lactase. Lactose intolerance develops in people who have this enzyme is not produced in sufficient quantities, or not produced at all.
Celiac disease (gluten enteropathy)
This disease is characterized by damage to the villi of the small intestine, which causes the protein gluten. It is found in many cereal products. When a patient with celiac disease
Celiac disease - not quite intestinal pathology
gets any amount of gluten, he has a very strong abdominal pain, flatulence, constipation, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.