Odeston help with cramps and pain in the liver, related to violation of motor activity of bile ducts, gall bladder and sphincter of Oddi - smooth muscle, which controls the release of the duodenum bile and pancreatic juice.
How does Odeston
Odeston (INN - gimekromon) is a cholagogue. It stimulates the production of bile and excretion her bile ducts into the gallbladder. Excretion of bile helps relieve spasms under the influence of this drug (antispasmodic action).
Odeston also helps relieve spasms common bile duct at the outflow of bile from the gallbladder into the duodenum. And as with the common bile duct merges into the pancreatic duct, the action Odeston also reflected on the status of the organ. This happens due to the removal of spasm of the sphincter of Oddi - wide smooth muscle, which covers the ends of the common bile duct and pancreatic duct to connect them, and then to the confluence of the common duct into the duodenum.
When receiving Odeston all smooth muscles of biliary tract and sphincter of Oddi relaxes, it allows unhindered flow of bile into the gallbladder first, and then from the gallbladder into the duodenum.
When biliary dyskinesia on the hyperkinetic type of patients concerned recurrent pain in the right hypochondrium. Pain may not be very intense, but persistent. In any case, the main cause of pain is a spasm of the bile ducts, gallbladder and common bile duct. Odeston relieves spasms and the pain goes away.
Also freely under the action of the intestines comes Odeston pancreatic juice. This is very important because the stagnation of digestive juice in the pancreas can lead to digestion of the tissue of the pancreas - acute pancreatitis. If such a process is started, the patients concerned are very strong pain, which can lead to the development of a painful shock.
In what cases and how to prescribe
Odeston prescribed for dyskinesia (violation of motor activity) biliary tract of hyperkinetic type. This disease is characterized by frequent spasms of smooth muscles of biliary tract, accompanied by bouts of pain in the right upper quadrant. Sometimes bile duct are constantly in spastic condition, due to which the patients are concerned not so intense, but persistent pain. After receiving Odeston pain removed.
Pain in the right upper quadrant can occur in violation of excretion of bile from the gallbladder into the duodenum due to spasm of the sphincter of Oddi. Spasm of the sphincter of Oddi can also cause severe pain in the upper abdomen, which is a sign of insufficient outflow of digestive juices from the pancreas
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. Such pain can also removed Odeston reception.
At chronic cholangitis and cholecystitis (no stones) bile stasis contributes to the maintenance of the inflammatory process in this area. Odeston in this case, is appointed as part of a treatment with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs.
You can apply Odeston and uncomplicated gallstone disease: improvement of bile flow prevents the formation of new stones. After surgery, gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy) Odeston prescribed to prevent stagnation of bile in the biliary tract, forming in their gallstones and inflammation.
Furthermore, in some cases, the cells produce insufficient liver bile, which affects the quality of digestion. Such patients may be nausea, vomiting, constipation and persistent loss of appetite. Odeston in this case stimulates the secretion of bile and its arrival into the intestines.
Odeston take on a tablet (200 mg) three times a day for two to three weeks. Sometimes prescription dose is increased to two or more tablets three times per day. Overdose of the drug to date has not been revealed.
Contraindications and side effects
Odeston has few contraindications. First of all, individual intolerance of components by the body of the patient, obstruction of the biliary tract, severe kidney and liver function of their violation. In addition, Odeston contraindicated in ulcerative processes of the stomach and intestines, such as stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease. Do not take Odeston at sharp infringement of blood clotting - hemophilia
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, Feeding baby
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chest and under the age of 18 years.
Be wary appoint Odeston during pregnancy.
Side effects Odeston manifested sometimes in the form of abdominal pain, the formation on the walls of the stomach and intestines erosions and ulcers, diarrhea, bloating, headaches
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and allergic reactions.