- Food poisoning: how to avoid becoming a victim of its own stomach
- Myths and Facts
- Home Treatment
- Folk remedies
- First aid
Symptoms of food poisoning
Food poisoning - it's acute illness arising after a meal with a pronounced colonization by some microorganisms, toxic products of their activity or the nature of non-microbial substances.
Frequent types of food poisoning are microbial toxicosis. In contrast to food poisoning, in which the poisoning is caused both by bacteria and their toxins, microbial toxicosis arise when consuming foods containing large amounts of toxins that have accumulated in it as a result of propagation of the infectious agent. Live microorganisms thus can be omitted entirely or be present in minor amounts. Microbial toxicosis divided into bacterial and fungal. Bacterial microbial toxicosis include botulism infection and certain types of product of staphylococci.
Food poisoning canned foods - botulism
Boltulizm - is poisoning caused by bacteria botulinum toxins, which are strict anaerobes, that is only live and develop without air. They live in the soil, and then get on the vegetables, fruits and mushrooms. Botulism bacteria do dangerous only when the fall in canned food. In this case, they first (during the heat treatment product) turn into arguments, and then germinate and produce the strongest poison botulinum (botulinum toxin), which causes food etching. You can have poisoned by eating home canned foods (vegetables, meat, mushroom, fish).
Symptoms of food poisoning in this case is not difficult to identify: a couple of hours (but can go through and two days) after eating contaminated with botulinum toxin, there are malaise, headache, dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
, Low-grade fever.
Then there are acute abdominal pain
Acute abdominal pain
in the form of cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. One day all of these phenomena are, but there are dry mouth, constipation and flatulence. In a few hours the patient has blurred vision (diplopia), drooping eyelids, smoothing nasolabial folds and wrinkles due to paresis (temporary immobilization) of the facial muscles. Then join life-threatening symptoms such as difficulty swallowing or inability to complete, a hoarse voice or no voice, respiratory distress and death of the patient from suffocation or cardiac arrest. If you suspect botulism need as early as possible to call an ambulance.
Staphylococcal food poisoning
Microbial toxicosis caused by staphylococcus, are associated with the release of the toxin (intestinal poison) of the pathogen. The toxin is stable to heat and freezing and withstands prolonged autoclaving. Infection with staphylococcus food can occur when it is in contact with people who have different pustular disease (eg, purulent inflammation in the area of nail phalanges - panaritiums) or those suffering from purulent tonsillitis. To accumulate enterotoxins in foods sufficiently 4 - 5 hours.
Staphylococcal enterotoxin acts on the parasympathetic nervous system, and through it to the myocardium (heart muscle) and the entire cardiovascular system, causing a sharp drop in blood pressure
Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
. Furthermore, entnrotoksin stimulate motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
Symptoms of the disease appear after 2 - 4 hours after eating a contaminated food.
First, there is a general malaise and chills, then - nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
. Diarrhea and fever are not always, but sometimes the temperature still rises to high numbers.
Repeated vomiting and diarrhea can cause dehydration and a violation of water-salt balance, which poses a direct threat to the life of the patient. In severe cases, there may be convulsions and sudden severe drop in blood pressure - collapse.
The disease runs hard, but not for long, not more than 1 - 2 days, and then begins the healing process. Staphylococcal food poisoning generally require medical care, without severe poisoning can be fatal.
Fungal microbial toxicosis
Fungal microbial toxicosis (mycotoxicoses) are caused by the toxins of many fungi. Food poisoning is usually caused by Fusarium. This can happen after eating products from overwintered under snow grain containing the fungus Fusarium toxins. This disease is serious and can result in death of the victim.
When used bread made from corn, Fusarium affected, there is a syndrome of "drunken bread." At the same time there is a weakness, a feeling of heaviness in the legs, stiff gait, headaches, dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain. With long-term human consumption of such products may occur anemia, mental disorders and even death of the patient.
Poisonings are different and almost all of them require urgent medical assistance.