Increasingly, to combat liver disease patients use non-traditional methods of treatment, such as use herbal supplements
Food additives - basic classification
. However, many doctors refer to such drugs in disbelief. The reasons for the lack of doubt. This lack of scrutiny of certain dietary supplements, and unscrupulous manufacturers who are not inclined to provide comprehensive information about the safety of their products. Among the "disputed" hepatoprotectors applies thistle - contraindications of medicinal herbs are often specified by the manufacturer is not in full.
Weigh the "pros"
As a medicinal herb milk thistle was used two thousand years ago, about her mentioned in the works of Avicenna and Galen classic ancient medicine. Appointed grass mainly for treatment of diseases of the liver and gallbladder.
The chemical composition of milk thistle was first deciphered in 1968 by experts of the University of Munich. Scientists have found that its main active ingredient is silymarin. Besides, in the plant were found:
- the whole group of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K)
- polyunsaturated fatty acids (like the ones that are present in fish oil)
- plenty of minerals (potassium, magnesium, selenium, zinc, boron, copper).
Silymarin is the only one known to date, the substance of natural origin, which has a protective effect against the liver. It speeds up the healing process of damaged tissues in the body, stimulates the synthesis of new liver cells and prevents the penetration of toxic compounds, enhances the formation and secretion of bile.
In scientific medicine, milk thistle, indications and contraindications that have been studied thoroughly, it is indicated for biliary dyskinesia, cholecystitis, chronic hepatitis
Chronic hepatitis - a diagnosis for life
, Alcoholic cirrhosis and other toxic liver damage.
Folk healers recommend this plant for the treatment of diabetes
Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
, Varicose veins and menstrual irregularities.
All scientific publications reported good tolerability and high safety of silymarin. But even despite this, milk thistle, contraindications to the use of which is minimal, may harm some patients.
Because choleretic properties of the plant is not recommended to use for people with cholelithiasis. Increased separation of bile can provoke their way out of stones from the gallbladder. The patient in this case will feel acute attacks of pain in the right upper quadrant, nausea, heaviness in the liver. The condition may be complicated by obstruction of the bile ducts, which in turn will lead to an increase of liver development and jaundice.
Contraindications reception grass during exacerbations of gastritis, peptic ulcer of the stomach or intestines. Interacting with the gastric juice, bile irritates the damaged wall of the digestive tract. This effect causes an increase in abdominal pain and delaying the healing process.
Like most plants, milk thistle is very rich in organic acids. In small doses, it is no harm to the body do not cause. But the treatment of the liver - a lengthy process. Apply drugs thistle patients have for several months. In this case, an excessive intake of organic acids in the intestinal lumen leading to destruction of beneficial microflora, which manifests the development of dyspeptic disorders. Patients complain of nausea, rumbling in the abdomen, diarrhea and gas emission.
The emergence of such symptoms observed with an overdose of a thistle. Get rid of the negative reaction helps cancellation phytopreparation and the appointment of probiotics.
At the slightest suspicion of goiter taking milk thistle is not recommended initially.
It is well established that long-term use of silymarin exerts estrogen-like activity. Therefore, patients with hormonal disorders
Hormonal disorders - oversupply and a lack of equally dangerous
(endometriosis, benign or malignant tumors of the uterus, ovaries, prostate) thistle doctors prescribe only after a careful assessment of the possible risks and benefits. For the same reason the plant is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women. Silymarin they can cause premature labor and impaired lactation.
Precautions must be taken thistle for patients with renal insufficiency. Potassium, which is part of the fruit, at high doses can lead to swelling and weakening of the heart muscle.
We do not recommend the use of plants in childhood. Although milk thistle and recognized as generally safe, but no clinical studies confirming the possibility of its use in children has not been conducted. The absence of any standards is not allows you to assign adequate doses of phytopreparation young patients.
Milk, contraindications for liver from which no can be used for any gepatopatologiyah. However, it should not eat grass as the primary means of therapy for acute viral hepatitis, because in such cases recovery is a necessary condition for receiving antiviral agents.
Contraindicated use of milk thistle for people with allergic reaction to this plant.
By acting on the liver, silymarin it alters the activity of enzymes that play a very important role in the "digestion" of drugs. Simultaneous reception thistle with some drugs may cause that their concentration in the body would be lower or higher than therapeutic. Therefore, prior to the use of plants is important to consult with your doctor, who will adjust the dose or have received medication or other select hepatoprotector.
For drugs that interact with silymarin include:
- antidepressants (Paxil, fluoxetine, St. John's wort)
- antipsychotics (clozapine)
- anticonvulsants (carbamazepine)
- tranquilizers (lorazepam)
- immunosuppressants (tacrolimus)
- statins (means for lowering cholesterol)
Particular difficulties are caused by the replacement of psychotropic drugs. Therefore, patients with mental disorders (depression, schizophrenia, epilepsy) Appointment of milk thistle is not recommended.