Early spring on the slopes of hills, ravines, forest clearings appear yellow flowers mother and stepmother. In folk medicine - it's one of the main tools for the treatment of diseases of bronchopulmonary system. Apply mother and stepmother also in various diseases of the skin, for hair regrowth.
The botanical characteristics of mother and stepmother
A perennial herb of the family Compositae height of 20-25 cm. It has branched rhizome, with threadlike roots. In the spring (March-April), the first of the erect flowering shoots flowers appear (before the advent of permanent leaves). Flowering shoots are covered with scaly leaves first. The flowers are yellow, collected in the baskets. In May, the plant fades, and there are fruit - achene with a tuft, and new dense basal leaves on long, sturdy stalks. The leaves are round and heart-shaped form, they are on top of smooth, hard green (stepmother), bottom - soft, warm, covered with long white hairs (the mother). Propagated plant seeds and using rhizomes which can produce self shoots (vegetative).
Mother and stepmother grows in the European part of Russia, in the North Caucasus, Siberia, the Far East, on the banks of rivers, ravines, on clay soils.
As a medicinal plant use flowers with stems (collected in March - April) and persistent leaves (harvested in June - July). Young scaly brown leaves are not collected. Flowers dried in special kilns at a temperature of about 50 ° C, the leaves - outdoors in the shade, stirring constantly.
The chemical composition of flowers and leaves his mother and stepmother
Leaves mother and stepmother contain bitter glycosides (organic substances of plant origin, which have medicinal properties), saponins (they determine the main medicinal properties of mother and stepmother), carotene (in the human body it is converted into vitamin A), organic acids (malic, tartaric, ascorbic acid, gallic - they improve the metabolism), phytosterols (fat-like substances), mucus (have shielding and emollient properties), essential oil
Essential oils and conception: can help the roses?
Tannins. In the flowers found steroids, tannins and flavonoids (eg, rutin - it gives flowers of yellow color).
Medicinal properties of mother and stepmother
Flowers and leaves his mother and stepmother have anti-inflammatory, expectorant, phlegm effect, which is widely used in the treatment of diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract infections (bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis). Moreover, infusions and decoctions mother and stepmother used to rinse the throat and mouth in angina, pharyngitis, stomatitis. Use mother and stepmother for colds, acute respiratory viral diseases, including the flu, as it has also some diaphoretic (and, hence, reduces the temperature) effects.
In addition, the flowers and leaves his mother and stepmother used as an antispasmodic (relieves spasms of the muscles of internal organs and blood vessels) in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, colitis), liver and biliary tract (cholecystitis , cholangitis, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver), kidney and urinary tract infection (pyelonephritis, cystitis). At the initial stages of hypertension
Hypertensive heart disease - the prognosis is poor
mother and stepmother used as a light lowers blood pressure
Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
means. As an antispasmodic herb helps with severe headaches caused by spasms of the blood vessels of the brain.
It is believed that the mother and stepmother has anti-sclerotic effect, so it is used in atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis - a chronic disease of the arteries
Including coronary heart disease, as a means to improve metabolism and prevent the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in blood vessels.
Applies mother and stepmother, and externally for various skin lesions. For example, for burns to the skin lesion apply a cloth soaked decoctions and infusions of this plant. Assist such infusions with festering wounds, boils, pustular rash.
How to make drugs from mother and stepmother at home
In the home of the mother and stepmother can be cooked:
- juice from fresh leaves mother and stepmother: wash the leaves, pour over boiling water, mince, squeeze; juice of half-diluted with water, bring to a boil, cool and take on a tablespoon 3 times daily after meals; It can be used for instillation of the nose with a cold;
- fresh squeezed juice can be applied undiluted topically applying to purulent wounds and boils;
- infusion oral: tablespoon dried minced raw pour a glass of boiled water, 15-20 minutes, cool, filter and take a tablespoon 5-6 times a day as an expectorant.
Mother-and-stepmother - tested folk remedy to treat a variety of diseases.