- Headache - treatment: to find out the cause
Types of headaches and their treatment
Treatment of chronic headache is only possible after a thorough examination of the patient and the establishment of a correct diagnosis. If treated with home remedies, it is possible to achieve the opposite result: headaches strengthened by the fact that the diseases caused by them, go into a deeper stage.
In its origin headache divided into neurogenic, caused by irritation of sensory nerve endings and nerve, vascular headache associated with spasm or a sharp expansion of blood vessels and muscle headache, muscle tension arises in the head and neck and nerve strain.
Headache treatment of any origin is divided into etiological, pathogenetic and symptomatic. Etiological treatment is aimed at addressing the underlying disease that caused the headache, pathogenetic - to eliminate the mechanism that led to its emergence. As a symptomatic treatment used painkillers.
Treatment of neuralgic headache
These headaches are usually caused by constant irritation of the nerve endings in some pathological process (increase or decrease the intracranial pressure, cerebral blood circulation disorders in the veins with an increase in their pressure, tumors). Neuralgic headaches worse during colds, various infectious and allergic diseases.
Treatment of neuralgia must be complex. As the etiologic treatment prescribed drugs affecting some pathological processes in the brain. Pathogenetic treatment - are drugs that inhibit the spread of nerve impulses from the lesions (antiepileptics). Symptomatic therapy - is analgesic drugs (analgin, pentalgin).
Headache treatment of vascular origin
Vascular headache may be different. In the walls of blood vessels are many sensory nerve endings, which can react as to raise and to lower blood pressure.
If the headache causes high blood pressure, the patient fully examine and identify the causes of such an increase (eg, kidney disease, endocrine disease). If any of a disease to treat it (etiological treatment). If any other disease except for a persistent increase in blood pressure have been identified, the patient is diagnosed with hypertension. In this case assigned to the basic pathogenetic (acting on the mechanisms of formation of high blood pressure) Therapy: soothing agents, reducing pressure medications of different groups, as well as drugs that enhance brain artery.
If low blood pressure
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usually assigned tonic medicines: tincture of ginseng, lemongrass, drugs that have caffeine in their composition (eg tsitramon).
In all vascular disorders prescribe nootropics which improve the supply of oxygen to the brain. These drugs include, for example, piracetam, which can take long courses.
Headache treatment of muscular origin
Headache muscle origin is most often associated with neurosis and psychological strain. Etiological treatment of a headache will be to normalize the regime of the day, sleep
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, Assignment anxiolytic drugs (anxiolytics) with different feedback components: with a predominance of inhibition or excitation of the central nervous system, depending on the sign of the leading neurosis
Neurosis - reaction to the nervous shock
Pathogenetic treatment due to the fact that the stimulation of nerve endings occurs spasm of blood vessels - are appointed antispasmodic, relaxing the walls of blood vessels and relieves muscle spasm at the same time. Symptomatic treatment is given is the same as with other types of headache.
Some non-drug methods for relieving headaches
In the treatment of headaches of various origin play a significant role non-drug methods, such as psychotherapy, reflexology
Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies
, Physiotherapy, hydrotherapy.
Reflexology - Eastern technique of influence on specific points on the body. As a result of such exposure (needles, massage, cauterization special cigarettes) restores the internal organs and systems. Reflexology causes a decrease in speed of pain impulses and increases the tone of analgesic system of the brain.
From physical therapy methods relieving headaches is the most effective percutaneous electrical stimulation, which impedes the promotion of pain impulses along nerve trunks and tones analgesic system of the brain.
During the course of psychotherapy, the patient is taught to regulate the work of his body, including muscle tension, tone of blood vessels.
At a constant headache, you must first understand its causes, and then to treat.