Explanation coprogram - a difficult task as you must first evaluate each indicator coprogram, and then all of them in general. Proper decryption coprogram can tell the doctor a lot, including will identify or suspect the presence of a particular disease of the digestive system.
Explanation fecal coprogram
Coprogram implies a certain number of standard tests of feces. Held physical, chemical and microscopic study of the biological material. Key indicators coprogram - the number, consistency, color, odor of feces, the presence of a variety of contaminants, as well as products of food digestion, inflammation, parasites and so on.
Number of faeces per day - can talk about the nature of food, overeating or malnutrition, abuse biliary excretion, the pancreas, digestive disorders with a predominance of fermentation or putrefaction, chronic inflammation in the small intestine, intestinal infections, food poisoning and so on. Not stool stands for constipation, a lot - for diarrhea.
The consistency of the stool - indicates constipation or diarrhea, as well as the absence of receipt of bile into the intestine, pancreatic secretion abuse
Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know
, Or putrid fermentation dyspepsia.
Color stool - depends on the nature of food, certain medicines, fast or slow evacuation of fecal colon disorders digestion of food in the intestine, the presence of bleeding from different parts of the gastrointestinal tract, the presence of bilirubin in the feces
Bilirubin - a great tool for the diagnosis
, Stop the flow of bile into the intestine.
The smell of feces - depends on the number of odorous substances produced during digestion (indole, skatole, phenol). Abnormality can help identify violations of the secretion of the pancreas, biliary excretion, fermentation dyspepsia.
Normally in the stool should not be present pathological impurities - blood, pus, mucus. If they still are, then it indicates the presence in the gastrointestinal tract inflammation - enteritis, colitis
Colitis - the danger of colon
, Proctitis, and so on.
The presence of fecal occult blood indicates bleeding from different parts of the gastrointestinal tract. The presence of occult blood and black stool indicates bleeding in the stomach or duodenum. If blood is detected in the feces with a reddish tinge, it means bleeding from the lower gastrointestinal tract.
The feces should not be too liquid protein, undigested fibers muscle, connective tissue, starch, neutral fats, fatty acids - the presence of these components indicates digestive problems.
Deciphering the child coprogram
Coprogram deciphering a child engaged in a pediatrician or pediatric gastroenterologist. The analysis must take into account coprogram child's age and the nature of its feeding. Thus, when lactase deficiency (absence or reduction of the formation of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down milk sugar) in feces in a child can detect the presence of starch, increasing fiber content, pH reduction of stool less than 5, 5 (acidity characteristic of fermentation dyspepsia).
When dysbacteriosis coprogram is a complementary method of research, the basic method - microbiological (seeding feces on nutrient media). Nevertheless, coprogram reveals the presence of inflammation in the intestine (mucus, fecal leukocytes), disorders of digestion and absorption of fat, protein, carbohydrate (undigested muscle fibers, neutral fats, starch in feces). According coprogram possible to suspect that a child has some kind of latent diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which was the cause of dysbiosis.
In hepatitis in children feces becomes grayish white color and resembles putty due to the fact that the intestines are not supplied bile (which stains normal feces brown and digest fats).
If a child suffers from chronic pancreatitis, the daily amount of feces he will have increased, stool color - light gray. The consistency of the feces for pancreatitis will be liquid or pasty, smell - sour. As you can see feces undigested muscle fibers, neutral fat, starch, and high white blood cell count
White blood cells as the basis of immunity
- Sign of the inflammatory process.
Black stool in the child and the presence of occult blood in it makes suspect the presence of gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer. The acidity of the stool have often increased.
Explanation coprogram reveals major problems on the part of the digestive system in children and adults.