Treatment of astigmatism - conservative or surgical?

October 24, 2013

 Treatment of astigmatism
 Treatment of astigmatism - is not only correction of vision, but also the prevention of possible complications of the disease. Vision correction at astigmatism can be conservative (with special glasses or contact lenses) and surgery. Completely get rid of astigmatism can be only through surgery.


How is astigmatism

A minor degree of astigmatism (up to 0.5 D - diopters) can not be treated - they are usually present in so many people and do not affect vision. More pronounced astigmatism Astigmatism - lenses, glasses or surgery?  Astigmatism - lenses, glasses or surgery?
   subject to correction, as it can significantly reduce the quality of vision.

Correction is carried out with the help of glasses or contact lenses Toric. In order to strengthen the eye muscles held special eye gymnastics.

Is there a cure astigmatism in such a way? No, there will be a normal adult eyes only at the time when a person wears glasses or lenses. After withdrawing them all blurred vision returned.

Children in the process of correction and simple age can be improved and eventually they may not need glasses.

How to get rid of astigmatism? Completely get rid of astigmatism possible only by means of surgery, during which restored normal cornea and its refractive power.


Correction of astigmatism with glasses

Points for astigmatism is widely used, especially in children. Use the special cylindrical lenses, allowing to correct deficiencies eye optical system by strengthening or weakening the refractive power in a particular meridian of the eye. And since astigmatism is nearsighted (myopic), farsighted (hyperopic), and mixed, cylindrical lenses are also particularly necessary for the correction of vision in this particular man. Thus, for long-sighted lens is a longitudinal section of the cylinder and for myopic - cast outer surface of the cylinder.

If a person with astigmatism not tolerate glasses, he was concerned about dizziness, headaches and pain in the eyes, it says that the glasses are selected properly.

It also happens that the first points are great, but after a while there are unpleasant sensations - which means that the vision has changed and must be replaced points to stronger or weaker.

Selection of glasses a person with astigmatism is not an easy task. But if they are chosen correctly, vision problems will not be.


How to correct astigmatism using contact lenses

For the correction of astigmatism with the applicable special toric contact lenses. Do these lenses from the same materials as conventional soft contact lenses. But they have a special design: spherocylindrical (toric) shape. Toric lenses are two optical powers, one of them designed to correct astigmatism on the desired meridian and the other - for the correction of nearsightedness or farsightedness. Available as reusable and disposable contact toric lenses, allowing correct astigmatism up to 4.0 D.

The advantage of toric contact lenses with astigmatism Lenses with astigmatism - Pros and Cons  Lenses with astigmatism - Pros and Cons
   They are:

  • contact lenses allow you to create optimal conditions for binocular vision, that is to view two eyes;
  • contact lenses minimize optical aberrations (distortions) and prismatic effect (the apparent motion of objects during head movements that appear when wearing glasses);
  • use of contact lenses makes minimal changes field of view and image of the object on the retina.

But contact lenses, there are drawbacks. Thus, the constant wearing of contact lenses can lead to the development of the inflammatory process, or simply cause discomfort in the eyes. Sometimes when wearing toric lenses appear to complications such as increase of myopia and changing the shape of the cornea, and further progression of astigmatism. If a person ceases to wear contact lenses, corneal shape after some time recovering.

Finally, long wearing toric contact lenses can lead to exchange-dystrophic changes in the cornea.

Treatment of astigmatism at home can be carried out with the help of drugs and therapeutic exercises. But this treatment is carried out only on prescription.


Eye drops with astigmatism - will help or not?

Drops for eyes with astigmatism can be applied courses, two - three times a year on prescription. Apply different eye drops, improves blood circulation and metabolism Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting  Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
 , Including vitamins. This improves metabolism in tissues of the eye, including the cornea and lens that suffer with astigmatism. The vision of these drops does not improve, but the improvement of metabolic processes can stop the progression of astigmatism.

But especially useful vitamin drops at nearsightedness and farsightedness, which are always accompanied by astigmatism. To improve the view, you can use the following eye drops with astigmatism: taufon, emoksipin, kvinaks (these drops is better to use when the lens astigmatism) Ujan and others.


Gymnastics for the eyes with astigmatism

Charging the eye with astigmatism will help prevent muscle atrophy and improve the general condition of the body. Hold exercise for the treatment of astigmatism regularly, preferably twice a day, doing each exercise at least six times:

  • move their eyes at serried centuries first vertically and then horizontally;
  • rotate the first closed and then his eyes closed in a circle, first clockwise, then - against;
  • blink very often for a minute;
  • fasten your index finger to the nose and eyes to focus on it for 30 seconds;
  • select two subjects, one of which is far away, the other - close; look at them alternately.

Treatment of astigmatism at Bates is also based on the use of special exercises. American ophthalmologist William Bates developed special exercises for eyes with astigmatism. He believed that one of the causes of astigmatism is non-uniform pressure of the eye muscles. Astigmatism is always accompanied by nearsightedness or farsightedness. Many of his exercises at astigmatism eye took from ancient Eastern healing systems, which are based on the assertion that the power of the eye depends on the overall condition of the body.

When astigmatism U.Beyts considers useful the following exercise:

  • make big turns his head 100 times;
  • look to move between lines of small print with soft Morgan on each line; with alternate turns moving your eyes between the lines;
  • blink soft and often for a minute;
  • perform exercises for the eyes, designed for nearsightedness or farsightedness of people (depending on the type of astigmatism).


Laser Treatment of astigmatism

How to cure astigmatism? Completely get rid of astigmatism can be only through surgery. Ophthalmic surgery for astigmatism today are conducted mainly using a laser.

Laser correction of astigmatism Astigmatism - modern methods  Astigmatism - modern methods
   may be carried out by different methods. The most effective technique is now considered the laser keratomileusis - LASIK.

In this operation, a surgeon using the laser separates the surface layer of the cornea, the corneal surface aligns with a laser, and then returns to place the separated upper flap. That is actually under the protective layer of the cornea, a new lens. This technique allows the operation to minimize the postoperative complications and reduce the postoperative period of up to one or two days. Within a few hours after surgery, the patient begins to see well.

Advanced technology has received name REIK LASIK - corrective refractive excimer laser intrastromal keratoektomiya. A distinctive feature of the technique is the so that it is carried out with the evaluation of the optical characteristics of the eye using a special system of the wavefront, which allows an individual to develop a program of laser effects on the cornea. It allows to achieve the maximum possible for the human visual acuity. During the operation, apply special schemes moisture and nutrition of eye tissues that reduce post-operative period.

After surgery, LASIK and REIK need to limit physical and visual load, hot tub, steam room, sauna, drinks for a month. Postoperatively, eye drops can help. To reduce inflammation after operation administered directly drops with dexamethasone (e.g. maksideks) for three weeks. To suppress infection prescribed eye drop with an antibacterial effect (e.g., oftakviks) in three weeks. If dryness is prescribed rewetting drops (eg oksial).

But laser technology used at low to moderate astigmatism. How to correct astigmatism high? Treatment of high astigmatism surgery is performed in keratoplasty using donor or artificial cornea.

Is there a cure astigmatism? In most cases, yes, and quite successfully. But the treatment of astigmatism to be effective, it must be carried out by a doctor.

Galina Romanenko

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