- Treatment for chickenpox: how to avoid complications
- In adults,
Treatment of chickenpox in children and adults is usually different, since the infection occurs in these contingents of patients in different ways. If the children are often quite good care, proper nutrition and external funds, the adult is almost always prescribe an antiviral medication.
Why do I need a blood test for chickenpox
The diagnosis of chickenpox is usually put on the clinical picture, that is, the characteristic symptoms of the disease. But with atypical course to confirm the diagnosis is sometimes used laboratory diagnostic methods - blood determine the presence of specific antibody classes of immunoglobulins M and G (and IgM and IgG). Especially important in the analysis of chickenpox during pregnancy or planning, because the absence of antibody or is an occasion for vaccination (only if the pregnancy is planned), or for the administration of immunoglobulin (if there is a risk of infection with chickenpox).
IgM - is antibodies that appear only when the primary disease chickenpox 4-5 days from the onset of the rash. These antibodies disappear with time, but sometimes they are present in blood up to a year. The diagnosis of chickenpox is confirmed by the appearance in the future of antibodies class IgG - they remain in the blood for a lifetime and prevent recurrent disease chickenpox.
A blood test for antibodies to chickenpox surrenders the morning on an empty stomach. Drink before the assay can be, but you can not take drugs, alcohol, smoking. Do not pass tests immediately after exercise, stress and physical therapy.
How to treat chickenpox in children
Treatment of chickenpox in children
Chickenpox in children - a mild infection, but there are exceptions
- It is primarily the prevention of complications. A child shall not combed itchy blisters on the skin, nails, it should be cut short. To reduce the itching of the child's diet are excluded fried, salty and sweet foods, sugary sodas. To prevent bacterial infection, all bedding and underwear of the child should be changed daily.
The best thing about how to treat the child has chickenpox, tell a pediatrician - call it a must. At high temperatures, the doctor usually appoints antipyretics (Nurofen syrup, children ibuklin, paracetamol and other). It is important to know that children chickenpox should not be given aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) - this can lead to serious complications of the liver and central nervous system. To reduce itching prescribe antihistamines. It is best suited for this purpose suprastin - it removes itching, reduce skin sensitization and cause slight drowsiness.
And what to smear chickenpox? Traditionally administered topically on the skin lubrication bubbles green paint, 1-2% aqueous solution of potassium permanganate or fukortsinom. This promotes drying of rash and removes from the surface bacteria that is the prevention of secondary bacterial infection.
To remove the child may be itching skin lubricated gel fenistil, it is applied to small areas of the skin 2-4 times a day. Will and 5% acyclovir ointment or cream
Acyclovir - as it is safe?
, They are thin in the small areas of the skin to 5 times per day.
Go for a swim and soak the rash is usually not recommended: viruses will fall to healthy skin and a rash increase. But today, many experts are inclined to believe that the bath chickenpox can be solved.
The bath can be added infusions of chamomile, calendula, sage
Sage - cvyaschennaya grass
, Starch. Well rash dries swimming in a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Prompt treatment of chickenpox is only possible when the disease lung. In this case, parents can lubricate the skin child calamine lotion, in its composition which includes zinc carbonate (calamine), Zinc oxide, purified water, glycerol, liquified phenol, bentonite (medical clay), sodium citrate. Calamine lotion has antipruritic, dries, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, soothes and cools the skin effect. Calamine protects the skin from the irritating effects of any external factors that contributes to a more rapid recovery of the skin, prevents scarring.
Your doctor will tell just how to treat chickenpox in the mouth
Chickenpox in your mouth - it is always dangerous
. Rash of the mouth often makes the child completely refuse to eat, so that all dishes should be semi-liquid and does not cause irritation. After each meal should rinse your mouth with solutions miramistina, slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, herbal extracts. It is also possible to make trays with oral lysozyme dissolved in 0, 25% novocaine - it clears mucosa, reduces itching and burning.
Eruptions in the mouth, you can smear sea buckthorn oil, oil solution hlorofillipta, analgesic gels, for example, Kalgel, dental paste solkoseril.