Contraceptive pills today facilitated the life of a woman. They saved her from exhausting the process of annual births and brutal methods of attendants, midwives, by which they interrupt an unwanted pregnancy. But birth control pills affect the accident arose pregnancy and fertility? Undoubtedly, this is a hot topic, and the impact the pill for pregnancy is very important to know not only the doctors.
The mechanism of action of tablets
There are several types of birth control pills, as the hormonal and non-hormonal. For non-hormonal contraceptive pills are spermicides, used locally. The composition of spermicides contains active chemicals which are detrimental effect on sperm. Furthermore, the active ingredient spermicides forms a protective film over the vaginal mucosa. The effectiveness of non-hormonal birth control pills
Non-hormonal birth control pills: minimal side effects
It is not very high and close to 70%. They also cause some seal cervical mucus
Cervical canal - the path traversed by every person
and prevent spermatozoa to penetrate into the uterus.
Hormonal birth control pills are of two types: combined oral contraceptive pill and mini-pill. As part of the combined pill contains two types of hormones: estrogen and progestin in the mini-pill contains only progestogen. Accordingly, they are different mechanisms contraceptive effect.
Combination pills acts on the ovaries, thereby suppressing ovulation
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. Also, as an additional effect, they affect the mucous membrane of the uterus, causing its regression, making it impossible ovum implantation.
Progestogens pill or mini-pill, have an effect on the cervical mucus, causing its thickening, and change the properties of the endometrium to prevent implantation.
Unwanted pregnancy while skipping the contraceptive pill
In case of violation of the rules of oral contraceptives is quite possible to become pregnant. If a woman has forgotten to take the pill on time, it shall drink it as soon as remembered, and for seven days to use barrier methods of contraception. Omitting the mini-pill is maintained the same rule. Also, it is increasing the possibility of an unwanted pregnancy (in the case of receiving a mini-pill) for the duration of the time interval between taking the pills for more than three hours.
Subject to all rules of the pills pregnancy probability is zero. However, mini-drink, for example, have less ability contraceptive.
What is the effect of birth control pills on fertility
Distributed myth that birth control pills can lead to infertility, and the chances of its occurrence increases with the duration of intake of contraceptives. This is not true, as the ability to conceive occurs in the first month of drug withdrawal in 25% of women in the first six months, 66% of women after nine months at 80% a year in 85%, and finally, a year and half this figure close to 100%. So do not be discouraged if pregnancy has not occurred immediately after cancellation of hormonal pills for a year yet there is no reason to worry.
This is because every woman has their own individual characteristics of the organism, and the time for recovery of the ovaries each require their own. In addition, there is even a certain way of treating infertility
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birth control pills. This so-called rebound effect when given hormone pills short courses with their subsequent cancellation. After discontinuation of contraceptive ovaries begin to function with a vengeance, which often is the cause of multiple pregnancy.
Still, the myth of the origin of infertility after taking hormonal contraceptives are not unfounded. The fact that birth control pills are often prescribed after abortion or miscarriage, and after they receive a woman can not become pregnant. But in this case, you should not blame the contraceptives, and the traumatic effect of scraping the mucous membrane of the uterus.
The possibility of pregnancy when taking hormonal contraceptives, as noted above, is real. In case of pregnancy or suspected, it is necessary to immediately stop taking birth control pills. If this happens in the first three weeks of pregnancy, there is no negative impact of the pill on it will not.