Inexpressible joy of experiencing a pregnant woman felt the first stirring of the fetus. No less experienced joy and father all know how men like to put his ear to her stomach to listen to the stirring. Fetal movement determine not only physical contact between mother and child, but at this time established a spiritual connection. Fetal movements play an important role in the diagnosis of pathological conditions of the child. As it can be suspected physical or emotional disorder of the fetus. And they themselves wiggling confirm that the fetus is actively functioning.
What is fetal movements?
Perturbation - a fetal movement, which showed its functional activity. If the stirring is too active, and, the more painful it is believed that this is the beginning of intrauterine hypoxia (placental insufficiency). Reduction of perturbations and shortening their duration are the most unfavorable sign and testify as fetal distress and the threat of termination of pregnancy. In the absence of perturbations over 12 hours you must consult your doctor immediately.
How are the perturbation
In fact, the fetus begins to move very early, around eight weeks, when he has hands and feet. But these movements are unconscious, the fetus just floating in the amniotic fluid, sometimes bumping into the wall of the uterus. Unconsciousness movements due to the fact that he has not yet formed the nervous system. At about 10 weeks the fetus is capable of feeling an obstacle (the wall of the uterus) and pushes the handle or stem from it. At 9 weeks, there swallowing (also refer to the perturbation), the fruit begins to actively swallowing amniotic fluid. In these terms the woman still does not feel the perturbations.
About 16 weeks there is a reaction in the form of perturbations to the sounds (especially the voice of the mother). With 18 weeks the fetus is able to compress the fingers, to touch the umbilical cord and distinguishes unpleasant sounds (thus he covers his face with hands and turns in the opposite direction).
Active and frequency perturbations depends on external stimuli (sound, light, touch). At this time, the fetus is able to distinguish between the parent and the touch of his hand, and his father's voice. The largest number of fetal movements produces from 24 to 28-30 per week. Before birth frequency perturbations decreases. This is due to the large size of the child and his cramped position in the womb. The biggest activity of the movements noted in the night, when the mother is sleeping. During the day, the fetus sleeps, seasick motion.
The first stirring of a pregnant woman experiences during the period from 16 to 20 (sometimes 22) per week. As a rule, multiparous begin to feel from earlier periods (an average of 18 weeks). This is due to the "memory" of the uterus. Nulliparous begin to feel the stirring of about 20 weeks. Also, the first perturbation depends on the constitutional features of a woman. That is, overweight women feel the first movement of the fetus later (due to the pronounced subcutaneous layer). Most nulliparous can not determine the first stirring. They take them for a bowel movement. Multiparous have experience and therefore feel the first movement of the fetus before.
In some cases, a woman complains of discomfort perturbations. To calm the child, you can take a warm bath, drink a glass of milk or eat something sweet (great help bananas). In addition, a child aktivnichaya night, a woman does not sleep. Perhaps his mother concerned about the situation. In this case, you must turn to the side, where predlezhit back.
Reducing the frequency perturbations
As noted above, a rare stirring of evidence of fetal hypoxia. Fetal hypoxia may occur for various reasons (maternal diseases, congenital malformations, intoxication - being in a stuffy room). Diagnosing it is possible by listening to banal heartbeat stethoscope. The normal heart rate is 120-160 beats per minute. An indispensable tool in the diagnosis of fetal distress is cardiotocography.