- Food poisoning during pregnancy - the risk of negative consequences
- How does
During pregnancy, a woman can match, and even get an acute food poisoning
Food poisoning: how to avoid becoming a victim of its own stomach
. The main thing is not to panic and not to self-medicate, and time to seek medical help. And if such assistance will be provided, in most cases, no complications for the fetus will not.
The poison can be and how food poisoning occurs during pregnancy
Just as with other people, food poisoning during pregnancy, most often in the form of food poisoning, food poisoning that is contaminated with pathogenic bacteria and their toxins. Infection of various products derived from the sick people. This can occur during the preparation of the product (eg, lettuce, salad), transporting it (milk, dairy products) or storage (cakes). The main thing here is not only getting the bacteria, but also the conditions for further massive reproduction.
After a pregnant woman eats bacteria contamination product, two hours later she shows signs of food poisoning. In some cases, an incubation period is longer and lasts from several hours to two days.
After that there is a malaise, weakness, headache, nausea joins growing. If a woman in this period is a manifestation of early pregnancy toxemia, it can confuse the early signs of poisoning his usual state. It joins nausea vomiting - the body tries to get rid of low-quality food. As long as the food is removed from the body, it is better not to stop vomiting. After vomiting subsides somewhat, there is rumbling and abdominal cramping
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
And then after a while begins diarrhea.
The stools at the liquid food poisoning, sometimes foul-smelling and often without mucus and blood, but it happens that such impurities still occur, depending on the pathogen.
When food poisoning occurs and lightweight, the day after the woman's condition improves (the body through vomiting and diarrhea rid of poor-quality food) and only the marked weakness (asthenia), which during pregnancy is especially strong and frightening women. But this is a common condition of the body, which restores your strength after an acute illness.
In severe food poisoning all its manifestations (vomiting, diarrhea) are kept up to three days. The temperature rises, the woman's condition can be very difficult. The sooner it will be given medical help, the faster it will come out of this state, and the more likely not to get complications.
What complications can occur during acute poisoning in pregnant women
The biggest danger - dehydration when vomiting and diarrhea woman loses fluid and mineral salts. First, blood clots may form thrombi. In pregnant women, and so under the influence of hormones in the blood is able to stagnate veins of the lower extremities, and when it appears thickening direct threat of thrombosis. That is why the woman needed medical assistance.
As for the child, the toxins from food usually does not pass the placental barrier and the danger is just minimal. For the fetus dangerous circulatory disorders associated with poisoning - it always contributes to a violation supply the fetus with oxygen, which can seriously affect the state of his brain.
Increased motor activity of smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract and can be passed on smooth muscle of the uterus, because all smooth muscle is innervated by the autonomic nervous system (as it is known, pregnant women at risk of stimulating the motor activity of the muscles of the uterus can not be used even laxatives). Therefore, there is a risk of miscarriage
Miscarriage - why you lose the most precious thing?
What if a pregnant woman is still poisoned
First of all, do not panic and remember that there is no direct threat to the child. Then you need to remember that there is a threat of dehydration and abortion and to recognize that aid in this case can be only in a hospital. Therefore, you should immediately call an ambulance.
Before the arrival of the ambulance should not take any drugs, stop vomiting - from poor quality food need to get rid of. You can drink a few glasses of cool boiled water in order to maintain and clean the stomach vomiting. In the water you can add a few pounded tablets of activated charcoal
Activated carbon - old but indispensable
(five or six tablets), it does not precipitate itself toxins.
If the doctor recommends emergency hospital treatment, to reject the proposal is not necessary - the risk is too great. And then, more than a day - two, if there are no complications, the woman where she delayed. But she in the hospital make up the loss of fluid and mineral salts by introducing intravenously special solutions that will warn the threat of thrombosis. If you increase the motor activity of muscles of the uterus, then this threat in a hospital can be prevented.
The most important thing for a pregnant woman during an acute food poisoning - it's timely appeal for medical help.