Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: what is the danger?

April 18, 2012

 Bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy
 Bacterial vaginosis - a consequence of a violation of the normal microflora of the vagina The microflora of the vagina: purity  The microflora of the vagina: purity
 Especially often observed during pregnancy. For a variety of reasons related to changes in the body during pregnancy, bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy is very common - nearly thirty percent of women. Bacterial vaginosis is not considered a sexually transmitted disease through - sexual activity, rather, is a factor in provoking the disease.

 Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: what is the danger?

Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis

One of the most common symptoms of bacterial vaginosis - gray or white vaginal discharge Vaginal discharge  Vaginal discharge
   with a characteristic unpleasant musty odor, resembling the smell of raw fish. Nevertheless, in some cases, bacterial vaginosis may be asymptomatic. The basic method of diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis, even when no symptoms - smear flora Smear on the flora - will help to identify the problem in time  Smear on the flora - will help to identify the problem in time
   vaginal (mucosal samples examined under a microscope).

 Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: what is the danger?


Bacterial vaginosis - disturbance of the vaginal microflora environment, which leads to excessive activity and too rapid proliferation of certain kinds of bacteria. The exact cause of bacterial vaginosis can not be determined until now. It is known that bacterial vaginosis is not sexually transmitted, but the sexual act can be one of the factors that triggered the disease. In addition, bacterial vaginosis can result in non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, douching, the constant use of personal hygiene, and irritate the vaginal microflora breaking.

 Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: what is the danger?

Harmful if bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy?

Although the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis is usually quite harmless and often limited to a change in color, texture and the number of selections, in fact this disease during pregnancy it is very dangerous. Medical studies show that bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy increases the risk of premature birth, miscarriage, premature baby. That is why when the first symptoms of bacterial vaginosis as soon as possible to begin treatment.

 Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy: what is the danger?

Treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnant women

Surgical treatment of bacterial vaginosis is recommended to reduce the risk of preterm birth. Accepted provide two basic methods of treatment:

  • The course of antibiotics for oral administration: clindamycin or metronidazole. Course duration is seven days, the recommended dosage - three hundred milligrams twice a day of clindamycin or metronidazole hundred milligrams twice a day.
  • Medicines for external application: metronidazole or clindamycin in the form of vaginal suppositories or vaginal creams. The recommended duration of treatment - five days. Please be aware that this method of treatment can eliminate the symptoms, but does not reduce the risk of potential pregnancy complications caused by bacterial vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis - sex is not recommended  Bacterial vaginosis - sex is not recommended

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  • vaginosis

Rhinitis in pregnancy: drugs - no!

October 27, 2011

 runny nose during pregnancy
 On Earth, there is hardly a man who once in his life did not suffer from this unpleasant disease, as the common cold. Not an exception and pregnant women. Waiting for the baby - it's the most wonderful time in a woman's life, and do not want to be something clouded. Unfortunately, pregnant women are most vulnerable to not only viral and microbial infections, and other diseases.

The main reason for this vulnerability is related to hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy and the weakening of the immune system. Rhinitis during pregnancy is very common, and requires the same serious attitude, as well as all other diseases during the childbearing.


An excursion into the physiology

The nose and paranasal sinuses (maxillary) play an important role in the human body. If difficult nasal breathing (called nasal congestion), in the body there is an infringement of oxidation, tissue metabolism, which impairs blood composition and circulation. The function of nasal breathing is warming, moisturizing and cleansing from dirt particles of air through the nose. Furthermore, the normal nasal respiration normalize intracranial and intrathoracic pressure, which helps to improve the circulation of the internal organs. Also in the nasal mucus contains lysozyme, which purifies the air from pathogenic microorganisms.

Scientists have proven that stuffy nose increases the frequency of heart attacks Heart disease and heart attacks: that every woman should know  Heart disease and heart attacks: that every woman should know
 It affects the gastrointestinal tract (bowel motility weakens and reduces the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach) leading to chronic gastritis and enterocolitis.

With regard to pregnant women should be noted that in the nose are located genital point that irritated during a cold and cause premature birth, abnormal labor, fetal abnormalities. And, of course, difficult nasal breathing worsens blood flow to organs and systems of the future, not only the mother but also the fetus, causing it to intrauterine hypoxia, anemia and malnutrition.


Runny nose

Runny nose (rhinitis) - a disease of the nose, accompanied by rhinorrhea (heavy discharge from the nose) and nasal congestion. There are many types of rhinitis, in pregnant women is most common cold, associated with viral diseases (influenza, SARS), allergic and hypertrophic. Allergic rhinitis is caused by an excess production of estrogen and progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology  Progesterone - norm and pathology
   during pregnancy, resulting in nasal mucosa swells and thins as well as by increasing blood volume and difficulty of venous outflow. Hypertrophic rhinitis - a growth of appendages on the sides of the nose, which violates the nasal breathing. Hypertrophic rhinitis usually develops due to abuse of vasoconstrictor drops. Other causes of rhinitis during pregnancy can be: growth of adenoid tissue, polyps nasopharyngeal deviated septum Deviated septum - is not just a cosmetic defect  Deviated septum - is not just a cosmetic defect
   and chronic sinusitis.


Treatment of the common cold during pregnancy

Do not try to get rid of the common cold alone. The cause of the common cold and measures to combat it must be determined by a physician.

  • Treating the common cold with a cold

From vasoconstrictor drops (galazolin, Naphthyzinum) better flatly refuse. In extreme cases, they can be used only at the peak of rhinorrhea, no more than three days, strictly observing the frequency and dosage. These agents cause psychological dependence and long-term use have the opposite effect. In addition, pregnant vasoconstrictor drugs cause vasoconstriction of the placenta, fetal hypoxia is dangerous and premature detachment of the placenta. To facilitate breathing, you can use oil solution pinosol that does not dry the nose and eucalyptus drops. Effective acupressure on his face (between the chin and mouth, between the upper lip and nose). Useful nasal lavage solution of sea salt and saline. The food should be consumed foods containing volatile (onion, garlic Garlic health: almost a panacea  Garlic health: almost a panacea
 , Horseradish).

  • Allergic rhinitis

In order to facilitate breathing is necessary to humidify the air in a room by a special device or apart water containers, to avoid contact with allergens. The diet should be a high content of vitamin C.

Anna Sozinova

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  • running nose