On Earth, there is hardly a man who once in his life did not suffer from this unpleasant disease, as the common cold. Not an exception and pregnant women. Waiting for the baby - it's the most wonderful time in a woman's life, and do not want to be something clouded. Unfortunately, pregnant women are most vulnerable to not only viral and microbial infections, and other diseases.
The main reason for this vulnerability is related to hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy and the weakening of the immune system. Rhinitis during pregnancy is very common, and requires the same serious attitude, as well as all other diseases during the childbearing.
An excursion into the physiology
The nose and paranasal sinuses (maxillary) play an important role in the human body. If difficult nasal breathing (called nasal congestion), in the body there is an infringement of oxidation, tissue metabolism, which impairs blood composition and circulation. The function of nasal breathing is warming, moisturizing and cleansing from dirt particles of air through the nose. Furthermore, the normal nasal respiration normalize intracranial and intrathoracic pressure, which helps to improve the circulation of the internal organs. Also in the nasal mucus contains lysozyme, which purifies the air from pathogenic microorganisms.
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It affects the gastrointestinal tract (bowel motility weakens and reduces the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach) leading to chronic gastritis and enterocolitis.
With regard to pregnant women should be noted that in the nose are located genital point that irritated during a cold and cause premature birth, abnormal labor, fetal abnormalities. And, of course, difficult nasal breathing worsens blood flow to organs and systems of the future, not only the mother but also the fetus, causing it to intrauterine hypoxia, anemia and malnutrition.
Runny nose (rhinitis) - a disease of the nose, accompanied by rhinorrhea (heavy discharge from the nose) and nasal congestion. There are many types of rhinitis, in pregnant women is most common cold, associated with viral diseases (influenza, SARS), allergic and hypertrophic. Allergic rhinitis is caused by an excess production of estrogen and progesterone
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during pregnancy, resulting in nasal mucosa swells and thins as well as by increasing blood volume and difficulty of venous outflow. Hypertrophic rhinitis - a growth of appendages on the sides of the nose, which violates the nasal breathing. Hypertrophic rhinitis usually develops due to abuse of vasoconstrictor drops. Other causes of rhinitis during pregnancy can be: growth of adenoid tissue, polyps nasopharyngeal deviated septum
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and chronic sinusitis.
Treatment of the common cold during pregnancy
Do not try to get rid of the common cold alone. The cause of the common cold and measures to combat it must be determined by a physician.
- Treating the common cold with a cold
From vasoconstrictor drops (galazolin, Naphthyzinum) better flatly refuse. In extreme cases, they can be used only at the peak of rhinorrhea, no more than three days, strictly observing the frequency and dosage. These agents cause psychological dependence and long-term use have the opposite effect. In addition, pregnant vasoconstrictor drugs cause vasoconstriction of the placenta, fetal hypoxia is dangerous and premature detachment of the placenta. To facilitate breathing, you can use oil solution pinosol that does not dry the nose and eucalyptus drops. Effective acupressure on his face (between the chin and mouth, between the upper lip and nose). Useful nasal lavage solution of sea salt and saline. The food should be consumed foods containing volatile (onion, garlic
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In order to facilitate breathing is necessary to humidify the air in a room by a special device or apart water containers, to avoid contact with allergens. The diet should be a high content of vitamin C.