- Herpes during pregnancy: a danger for the child
Herpes during pregnancy: implications
How dangerous is the herpes during pregnancy? The herpes virus during pregnancy may not affect its current, but only if the woman caught them before pregnancy, and she has developed immunity to the disease. The consequence of primary herpes transferred during pregnancy is often the intrauterine herpes. Intrauterine herpes - an infection caused by the herpes virus (usually a HSV-2) infection which occurred during pregnancy or childbirth. Sometimes this infection incorrectly called "genetic herpes during pregnancy." But herpes - it's not a genetic disease, it is not inherited.
Intrauterine herpes - this is a very serious disease that affects the fruit. It develops most often in the primary HSV-2 infection during pregnancy. However, the cause may be other types of herpes virus; HSV-1 virus, varicella-zoster, cytomegalovirus
Cytomegalovirus - what is its danger?
and so on. Aggravation of herpes during pregnancy is almost never leads to the development of intrauterine infection. Recurrence of herpes during pregnancy is manifested in the form of local changes in the skin and mucous membranes of the mother. Specific immunity does not allow spread of herpes infection to the fetus
How does herpes on the fetus? Intrauterine herpes symptoms depend on the time of infection of the fetus. If this occurs during the first two weeks after conception, then there is fetal death and miscarriage
Miscarriage - can you protect yourself from it?
. Upon infection of the fetus during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy develop malformations of various organs, the tab which takes place in this period. From the 10th to 28th week of pregnancy the fetus develops as a result of generalized infection (with the defeat of many organs and systems) inflammatory response, which leads to the formation of multiple malformations. While infecting the fetus from 28 to 40 weeks of pregnancy the inflammatory process is more limited and malformations may develop in several organs. Upon infection during childbirth often develops defeat one or two organs (eg, lung, liver, etc.) Or the appearance of generalized herpes sores on the skin and mucous membranes.
Almost always intrauterine herpes it takes very seriously. The effects of herpes during pregnancy can be in the form of fetal death or total disability of the unborn child. But in some cases prenatal herpes does not leave serious consequences, although this happens very rarely.
How to distinguish acute herpes during pregnancy by primary herpetic infection
By appearances of herpes it can be difficult to distinguish primary from recurrent chronic herpes. The fact that women after herpes infection can occur for a long time in an asymptomatic form, and the first symptoms appear only during pregnancy. But in this case the woman already has immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
to the herpes virus and the risk to the fetus is very small. Primary herpes may occur in the same way, but the threat to the fetus is increased many times.
In order to distinguish between primary herpes recurrence necessary to laboratory investigations. Herpes levels in pregnant women is possible to identify a variety of ways. Analysis of herpes during pregnancy can lead by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In the scrapes and swabs taken from the lesions in the genital area of women as well as in blood and amniotic fluid can detect herpes virus DNA and identify it.
Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) in blood and amniotic fluid can detect antibodies to herpes pregnancy. This allows you to distinguish primary from recurrent herpes secondary. In primary infection during the first week of class antibodies appear M (IgM - IgM), their number increases during the first two - three weeks of the disease, and in two or three months, these antibodies disappear. But sometimes, the antibodies of IgM can be found at relapse herpes. From the second week of the disease begin to appear in the blood of antibodies to the herpes virus class G (immunoglobulin G - IgG), which remain in the patient's blood for life.
Of great importance is the definition of the degree of maturity of antibodies
Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity
IgG class, which is expressed in the degree of strength of relation (avidity) to the antigen, i.e. with a herpes virus. During primary infection IgG maturity is low and only a few months after infection, their maturity becomes high. This study provides a high degree of confidence to determine whether an acute herpes infection of primary or recurrent chronic process.
Herpes after childbirth
Sometimes recurrent herpes develops after birth and it is also dangerous for the baby, as it can become infected by sick mother. But this does not mean that a woman should not breastfeed: herpes virus is not excreted in breast milk. But with dirty hands or through clothes, the herpes virus may get to the baby. Therefore, for the prevention of infection should be carefully observe good personal hygiene.
Pregnancy after herpes - can give birth to a healthy baby?
Despite the fact that the herpes virus, once introduced into the body, it remains there forever, the birth of a healthy baby is quite real. Harmful if herpes during pregnancy? How dangerous is the herpes during pregnancy? Herpes during pregnancy proceeds differently depending on whether the infection is primary or secondary. Even if the previous pregnancy ended in the death of a child due to intrauterine herpes, it can not affect the course of a subsequent pregnancy if the woman was the subject of proper and timely treatment.
The fact that at the time of re-occurrence of pregnancy in a woman's body has formed antibodies to the herpes virus, which will protect the fetus from infection. That is why herpes during pregnancy - this is not a tragedy, but a reason to think seriously about their health and upon the occurrence of a new pregnancy diligently all prescription.