What can a child 6 months - first achievements
November 6, 2014
More recently you with excitement and joy of listening to the cry of their baby, and that's it for six months, it is actively cooperating with the outside world, in various ways manifests its unique character, and has already begun - or is about to start - to eat solid food. What can the child in 6 months?
As he moves
At six months, many children, though not all, already know how to sit on their own, without any outside support. At first, they can support themselves hands resting on the floor, but over time they begin to let go of his hands to occupy them with something more interesting.
Six-month children are usually already can easily turn over from back to stomach and back, and some kids are using this method, good move in the space, so parents need to closely monitor that the child did not get to where they can be potentially dangerous for his subjects. In the same age, the child can begin to crawl - then he will move faster, and probably put in his mouth all that comes his way.
As the child begins to show more interest in small things and details, it is removed from the road, even those things that he had paid no attention.
Note that the stage of crawling are not all children: the child may instead begin immediately rise to his feet, holding on to furniture and other large, fairly stable items. Initially, these attempts are unsuccessful, but he gradually learns to walk so far enough unless the parents give him that opportunity. Whatever it was, if your baby is six months is not yet crawling, it is by no means a sign of slow development. If everything else was okay, nothing to worry about.
As he sleeps
Most of the children in the six months already sleeping six to eight hours and fall asleep without requiring the presence of their parents with them. If a child in this age of bad sleep, or waking up often, parents can use the method, which was developed Ball pediatrician Richard Ferber. By the method of Ferber child should be put in his bed when he was not yet awake, and not to wait until he falls asleep in your arms. If the baby is crying, do not come to him to calm down, for a certain time (start with, say, one minute), and every day, gradually increase this time interval. This method is not universal and does not help all children, but in many families it works fine.
Because now the child can easily turn over from the back or stomach, do not worry if one night you put him to sleep on his back, and in the morning he wakes up, lying on his stomach. The risk of sudden infant death syndrome
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - the cause has not yet been found
six months is significantly lower than in the first months of life. Nevertheless, while it is not necessary to put the baby to bed pillows, stuffed toys, and other items that, if the baby will turn badly, it can block oxygen.
As he eats
If you have not started giving your child solid food, your pediatrician will likely recommend to do this when the baby is six months old. In most cases, it is best to start solid foods
Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?
with a grain cereals fortified with iron, prepared with breast milk or infant formula
Dairy mixture - selection of useful power
. When a child learns to eat a meal, you will gradually be introduced into the diet fruit and vegetables. Include in the menu baby only one new product at a time, and wait a few days before you offer him something else new - it will ensure that the child is not allergic to a particular food, or immediately notice the negative reaction to the new product. Signs of allergy or intolerance can be a rash, diarrhea
Diarrhea (diarrhea) - a familiar nuisance
, Vomiting, malaise.
If the child refuses the new food, wait a few days and then offer it to him again. Six-month children - a very fickle creatures, and their tastes might change several times a week.
Moreover, at this age the baby is already beginning to eat with a spoon (as long, of course, much of the food at the same time gets you anywhere, but not in his mouth), and hands grabbing food from the plate.
How he communicates
For the six-month phase of Gulen is usually complete and starts babbling stage, during which the children begin to pronounce the syllables, words that resemble ordinary speech. First, a child pronounces consecutive identical syllables (such as "ma-ma", "pa-pa", "ta-ta", "ba-ba", and so on), and then - usually after six months, although there are exceptions - start joining together two or three different syllables.
The six-month child begins to deliberately draw the attention of others, and at the same age he first appears a fear of strangers. However, until this fear is relatively weak, and it is likely that anyone who comes to him with a broad smile, he would take his good friend.
Kids this age really like it when communicate with them in their language, imitating babble - this often gives them their torrent "words" in response to an adult.
Do not forget to read the child and as much as possible to talk to him. As for the books until the baby underdeveloped motor skills to turn the pages, and it often does not have the patience to scrutinize pictures (besides, they still may be too complicated for its perception), and listening to a monologue of another person. Nevertheless, it must listen to a speech of adults regularly to his own speech to develop normally, so it can be read and need. What he will interrupt your reading - is perfectly normal; Think of it as the opinion of the cries of the read (in a sense it is so), and listen carefully to the child.
Baby massage - what its good for your baby
October 26, 2013
- Baby massage - what its good for your baby
All parents want their child to grow up healthy and smart. But how can this be achieved? Since babies do not play in developing games and not record it in the volleyball section. For the development of the little ones, there are other methods - a baby massage and gymnastics. Typically, pediatricians prescribe massage courses almost all children under one year. But whether justified such appointments?
Effect of massage on the baby
The term "baby massage" is used to refer to a massage, which is held for children aged up to one year. Of course, if you continue to do massage, and after a year, it is no harm to the baby will bring.
Massage has a positive effect on the baby's skin, improving its turgor and mechanically scraping it. Furthermore, improved blood circulation. Normalizes the gastrointestinal massage frees the intestine kid from gases, improves peristalsis and helps to get rid of intestinal colic. As a result, the massage improves the function of the heart and lungs. Very beneficial effect massage and peripheral and central nervous system, soothing overly excitable children, helps normalize sleep
Dreams: how to understand our dreams
. Children who regularly do massage, less likely to suffer infectious diseases as massage increases the body's resistance.
The main differences from the adult baby massage
There are cases where massages are performed miracles and healed adults. Yet most of the mature human massage - nothing more than a nice relaxing treatment. Children react to such exposure to a much more grateful. The skin surface with respect to the weight of the child's body is much larger than that of an adult, so a child massage has a very strong impact.
Properly executed massage is combined with a special gymnastics for babies - an excellent tool to accelerate not only the physical but also the intellectual development of the baby. During the massage are formed and improved motor skills, corrected minor shortcomings in the development of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems. A restorative massage is recommended for all healthy children over one and a half - two months.
Massage a strong impact on the child's body, but that this effect was beneficial, massage should be performed correctly. If the cause is taken people who do not know the basic techniques, the massage will not help, but rather hurt. Fortunately, learning to do full body massage the baby is a snap. Many parents are embracing this science and make your own baby massage. This not only saves money, but also contributes to a close and trusting relationship between the child and his parents. Therapeutic massage is carried out by a specialist.
Gymnastics for children
Usually, baby massage is used in conjunction with a special gymnastics for kids, needed to strengthen the muscles of the crumbs. Such exercises different from "adult" so that all traffic for a child makes a masseur. Go to the gym after a massage when the muscles are prepared for loading.
Do not underestimate the children's gymnastics - the muscles of a child under one year is still very weak, and crawl several meters for the baby no easier than an adult to walk several kilometers. Working muscles consume more oxygen, become strong and elastic. In addition, the contraction of the muscles stimulates bone growth.
Particular attention is paid to the children's gymnastics skills that the child should be useful in the near future. Thus the muscles of the body of the child is gradually preparing for further development. Please spread the baby on his stomach, so he learned to hold his head, then comes the turn to the right training to roll from stomach to back and back, and then the child learns to sit down and stand up. Of course, the child may eventually learn these movements, and without gymnastics, but gymnastics can achieve desired results quickly and efficiently.
Contraindications to baby massage and gymnastics
Like any other treatment, massage has a number of contraindications. Thus, in some cases, massage and therapeutic exercises have to give. These cases include:
- An acute febrile illness. If the kid was ill, it is necessary to wait for a full recovery;
- Any acute inflammation of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles, bones, joints and lymph nodes;
- Severe malnutrition and atrophy;
- Diseases accompanied by tenderness and fragility of bones;
- Congenital heart defects decompensated
Heart defects - time heals?
That occur with severe cyanosis;
- Rickets (in the acute stage of the disease);
- Various forms of hemorrhagic diathesis
Diathesis in children - an integrated approach
- Acute hepatitis;
- Acute nephritis;
- Active TB
Tuberculosis - a full recovery is not guaranteed
- Large hernias with a pronounced tendency to infringe or with a significant loss of the abdominal cavity.
Before the course of massage or gymnastics you should consult your pediatrician. Massage therapist should be informed about all the chronic diseases that afflict children. Massage is not suitable for all acute illnesses.
The choice of place and time for massage and gymnastics
To teach does not require much space. It is important that the surface is level and stable - ideal changing table or any other table. If desired, it can be used to study and floor surface - so often do in America. Of course, the floor should be smooth, even and perfectly clean. The main thing that the place for a massage was well lit and are located away from heat sources and drafts.
On a hard surface placed folded twice flannel blanket, a mat and a clean diaper. Massage blends well with hardening. In winter you need to pre-ventilate the room, and in summer you can carry out procedures with the windows open. Massage improves the thermal regulation, so it is good to spend the summer in the heat of the day. But for gymnastic exercises should choose poprohladnee time - not on a sultry afternoon and evening.
Massage and exercises should be carried out for half an hour before feeding, or forty-five minutes - an hour after eating. Do not do massage before going to bed. It is best to carry out a massage just before bathing. It is particularly important to do so, if for a massage using oils or talc. In general, experts recommend massaging the child's body just clean and dry your hands, but if your skin retain moisture masseur, you can use a small amount of baby oil for its mitigation. If masseur's hands sweat a lot, it is worth a little talcum powder baby body.
Hands massage therapist must be dry, warm and soft nails cut short. All jewelry and watches, which can accidentally damage the delicate skin of a baby before the massage should be removed. Massage therapist should be put on the freedom of movement short-sleeved clothes.