- Diaper dermatitis - how to protect the baby's skin?
What is nappy rash and why it occurs
Diaper dermatitis - is an inflammatory process in the skin of an infant
Baby man, though with a little finger
That occurs when subjected to mechanical (woven garments), physical (high humidity and heat), chemical (chemical substances contained in feces and urine) and bacterial factors that are irritating, toxic and allergic effects on the baby's skin.
The skin of the child up to a year has a very thin surface (horny) layer, because of what is easily irritated and has high vulnerability. But not yet formed the protective properties of the skin (local immunity) contribute to the rapid implementation in place microtraumas infection. But the skin of infants has its advantages because of good blood supply to all skin changes on it very quickly tested with proper care and timely treatment.
Diaper dermatitis most often affects children who are bottle-fed, and suffer from allergies.
The symptoms of diaper dermatitis
Diaper dermatitis can occur with varying degrees of severity. Mild skin baby develops some areas of redness, swelling and subsequent peeling without sharp boundaries in the groin, in the buttocks, waist and abdomen.
If the cause of the dermatitis persists, in the depth of skin folds are formed surface cracks, small erosion. This is the average degree of diaper dermatitis.
In advanced cases (severe) the surface layer of the skin sharply macerated (maceration - maceration and tissue swelling), rejected, forming extensive erosive surface moist with jagged outlines.
At moderate and severe stages of diaper dermatitis is often associated infection (strep, staph, fungal, etc.), which is very dangerous for a small child.
Treatment of diaper dermatitis
Treatment depends on the severity of the disease. In mild recommended a thorough skin care cleaning the baby with after each diaper change and lubrication areas of redness baby cream or boiled vegetable oil. It is possible to use special ointment warning stimulation (e.g. desitin) and infection (e.g., drapolen) skin. After treatment of the skin, such a child is desirable to make air baths - leave uncovered for a few minutes. As the diaper is better to use diapers, since they absorb moisture, and less skin becomes wet.
If diaper dermatitis
Dermatitis - what to do with the inflamed skin?
moderate and severe it recommended to use funds to help restore skin tissue (eg, ointments d-panthenol, Bepanten). It is better to use a combination of agents having a reducing action and disinfectant (eg, ointment Bepanten plus).
How to care for a child that he did not appear diaper dermatitis
Textile clothes and diapers, no matter how thin they are, always irritate baby's skin. Therefore, even in the neonatal period (the first four weeks of life) is not recommended baby tightly swaddled. It is enough to put him two undershirts (thin and flannel, one of which must be sewn sleeves) and wrap in two diapers (also fine and warm) to the waist, making for legs "sack" in which the child is free to talk legs. If your child easily irritates sensitive skin
Sensitive skin: causes and care
It is better not to use fabric diapers, and diapers, changing them three hours, or after the next chair.
Baby feces and urine contain many biochemical substances (ammonia, enzymes and so on), which irritate the baby's skin and corrode during prolonged exposure. Therefore, the child may not be in the same diapers for more than three hours (or after poop). Cloth diapers and diapers should be changed every time after they become wet.
After changing dirty diapers child should be undercut with warm water, dry skin soft, clean and lubricate the diaper folds baby cream or boiled vegetable oil. Bathe your baby need daily, is better in the evening, before going to bed
Dreams: how to understand our dreams
(up to a month - in boiling water, after a month - in the raw). Any cosmetic preparations for the care of the child must be chosen taking into account the individual intolerance.
Wash all things children can only children's soap or detergent. All the things a child should be washed and proglazheny in order to avoid contact with the baby's skin infection.
Proper care and correct (breast) feeding a child are excellent prevention of diaper dermatitis.