Meals for fractures - take care of the health of their bones

July 25, 2010

 food crises
 Bone fracture healing may take several months. Although largely depends on the type of fracture and the patient's overall health, diet also plays an important role. To ensure growth of healthy bone tissue, the body requires energy and various nutrients - amino acids, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.

Among the amino acids that are most important for the healing of fractures: lysine, arginine, proline, glycine, cysteine ​​and glutamine - they are important components of proteins that make up bone mass. Increase protein intake of 10-20 mg per day to obtain sufficient quantities of these amino acids.

Antioxidants perform two basic functions. Firstly, they restore the damage that occurs when cells are damaged bone react with oxygen. As a result of this interaction unstable molecules are formed, which can not only impede the process of recovery, but disrupt the protective mechanisms of the organism. Secondly, antioxidants have the property to reduce inflammation, without slowing down the process of tissue healing. Vitamin C is one of the most important and powerful antioxidants Antioxidants: the truth about the notorious benefits  Antioxidants: the truth about the notorious benefits
 . He, as well as vitamins D, K and B6 serve as catalysts for chemical reactions taking place during fracture healing. Minerals such as zinc, copper, calcium, phosphorous and silicon are also necessary for normal bone repair process.

To get the nutrients to the extent necessary, eat protein-rich food containing the minimum amount of saturated fat, such as beans, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, fatty fish, poultry without the skin. Rich sources of antioxidants are fruits, vegetables, nuts and legumes. Experts say that the most brilliant fruits and vegetables contain the highest number of antioxidants.

Should pay close attention to the intake of nutrients. RDA for patients with fractures:

  • Zinc is 12-30 mg;
  • 1-3 mg copper;
  • Calcium 800-1200 mg;
  • Phosphorus 800-1200 mg;
  • Silica 5-20 mg;
  • 500-3000 mg of vitamin C;
  • Vitamin D 800-2000 IU;
  • Vitamin K 250-1000 mcg;
  • Vitamin B6 is 25-50 mg.

Some foods, such as red meat, sugar, carbonated drinks, caffeine and alcohol can slow down the healing of fractures. If possible, eliminate them from your diet for the entire recovery period.

 Meals for fractures - take care of the health of their bones

What kind of food is necessary for rapid healing of fractures

To fused bone as quickly as possible and at the site of the fracture callus formed qualitative, the body requires calcium, zinc, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, vitamin C, D, K, B6, B12, folic acid Folic acid - the value is hard to overestimate  Folic acid - the value is hard to overestimate

Calcium is found in milk and dairy products, sardines, pink salmon, almonds Use almond: Fertility symbol of peace  Use almond: Fertility symbol of peace
 , Sesame seed, cabbage and spinach all grades. Calcium is active together with magnesium, which is needed for the biochemical reactions in the formation of new bone. Magnesium is found in bananas, wheat germ, green leafy vegetables, flounder, carp, shrimp, almonds, dairy products, sea bass, nuts, halibut, herring, mackerel, cod, whole grain bread. For effective intestinal calcium absorption in the body should contain large amounts of vitamin D (cod liver oil, fatty sea fish).

Zinc enhances the action of vitamin D promotes better calcium absorption. The zinc concentration in the animal tissues much greater than its content in plant foods. High concentrations of zinc found in marine fish and seafood. The products of plant origin source of zinc can be pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, beans, mushrooms, grains (oats and buckwheat), walnuts. However, phytic acid, which is part of the plant worsens zinc absorption plant.

Phosphorus richest caviar sturgeon fish, beans, egg yolk, cheese, beef liver, oatmeal and buckwheat, walnuts, pumpkin. But do not consume the phosphorus more than calcium, this may affect the absorption of calcium and slow down the formation of callus.

Folic acid (vitamin B9) and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is required for proper formation of bone collagen framework. Folic acid is found in bananas Bananas: the benefits and harms health  Bananas: the benefits and harms health
 , Beans, green leafy vegetables, wheat germ, Brussels sprouts and cabbage, beets, brewer's yeast, calf liver, citrus, lentils. Pyridoxine is found in bananas, ham, wheat germ, potatoes, shrimp, salmon, chicken meat, beef liver, sunflower seeds. Deficiency of vitamin B12 can lead to disruption of the cells that build bone, causing it to exude more. The source of vitamin B12 - animal food: beef, dairy products, sardines, mackerel, eggs.

At deficiency of vitamin K the body to lose calcium in the urine. Vitamin K is synthesized by bacteria in the gut normal microflora at dysbacteriosis (when the predominant pathogenic microflora), its synthesis is disrupted. To restore normal intestinal microflora in the diet must be present dairy products.

The diet should avoid deficiency of protein (because it is the building material for the cells of the bone), but you should not use them too much (meat retards the absorption of calcium). As a source of protein is best to use eggs and low-fat dairy products.

 Meals for fractures - take care of the health of their bones

What should be excluded from power for fractures

Drinking alcohol can disrupt the activity of the cells that form bone, causing it to begin to break down faster than recover.

The loss of calcium in the urine contributes to caffeine, should therefore be excluded from the diet of coffee, strong tea, chocolate and sugary sodas, whose composition is often included caffeine. Calcium is lost, and by eating large amounts of sugary foods, so they should be restricted.

A lot of fat in the diet also prevents normal absorption of calcium in the intestines, as fats bind him to form a soap. The intestines can not absorb these soaps, and they are excreted.

Proper nutrition for fractures - is the basis for the rapid formation of callus.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • fractures

Jones fracture - why is it so difficult to treat?

July 18, 2010

  • Jones fracture - why is it so difficult to treat?
  • As shown

 Jones fracture
 The human foot has five metatarsal bones; fracture of one or more is a common injury. There are two main types of fracture metatarsal bone: normal, or sudden, in which include the open, closed, and other fractures, and stress fractures that result from over-voltage and / or regular damage. Sometimes the fracture is due to the fact that the bone is weakened by osteoporosis metatarsal Osteoporosis - he threatens you?  Osteoporosis - he threatens you?

 Jones fracture - why is it so difficult to treat?

Conventional fractures

The fifth metatarsal bone most vulnerable to injury, which may result in fractures occur. If you exercise more often injured first, second and fifth metatarsals.

Symptoms of these fractures are usually pain and swelling in the area of ​​the fracture. Typically, the victim is difficult to step on the injured leg. At the turn of the metatarsal should immediately seek medical help.

For the diagnosis of fracture metatarsal usually do a few x-rays; sometimes also used CT scans and MRIs.

Treatment metatarsal fracture depends on where in the fractured bone, as well as on whether it is displaced fracture or not closed or open.

In many cases it is sufficient fixation and immobilization of the foot for a few weeks. Sometimes, for example, when you open or displaced fractures, it is necessary to apply the surgical methods of treatment.

The recovery period can be removed using a non-prescription pain painkillers; rarely require stronger analgesics.

As a rule, broken metatarsal bone heal within six to eight weeks. The period of full recovery may take longer if the patient is engaged in professional sports.

 Jones fracture - why is it so difficult to treat?

Stress fractures

Stress fractures - fractures is incomplete, resulting in cracks in the bone. They occur due to prolonged stress, which falls on the same bone. Stress fractures of the first metatarsal bone were found in soldiers who had to march for a long time. However, these fractures often occur in athletes (especially runners), as well as those who are engaged in ballet and gymnastics.

The most susceptible to stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 -perelomam second and third metatarsal bones - on them while driving accounts for the heavy load. Such fractures are typical for people who have recently increased the frequency, intensity and duration of your workouts. Other contributing factors may be the new sports shoes or insufficient rest. Sometimes, stress fractures occur in the presence of damaging the bone of major diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications  Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
   or osteoporosis, as well as some neurological disorders.

The first symptom of a stress fracture may be pain that occurs during exercise, and goes after the rest. After a while, the pain becomes stronger and the rest does not help to cope with it. As soon as the crack increases, the pain becomes more localized in the region of the fracture. It appears swollen foot. Sometimes the pain is so severe that the person can not walk properly.

Approximately half of the cases of stress fractures are not visible on X-rays, so the diagnosis is often carried out using a bone scan.

As a rule, for the treatment of fracture of the metatarsal is necessary to provide rest the injured foot - first of all, avoid activities that could cause a stress fracture.

You can walk in a special orthopedic shoes Orthopedic shoes - how to determine what is right for you?  Orthopedic shoes - how to determine what is right for you?
 Which fixes the broken bone. Surgery for stess-fractures of the metatarsal is rarely necessary.

Typically, the fracture heals without complications within six to twelve weeks, after which a person can return to his usual way of life. Doing this, however, should be gradual, in order to avoid re-injury of the metatarsal bone.

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