Bone fracture healing may take several months. Although largely depends on the type of fracture and the patient's overall health, diet also plays an important role. To ensure growth of healthy bone tissue, the body requires energy and various nutrients - amino acids, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.
Among the amino acids that are most important for the healing of fractures: lysine, arginine, proline, glycine, cysteine and glutamine - they are important components of proteins that make up bone mass. Increase protein intake of 10-20 mg per day to obtain sufficient quantities of these amino acids.
Antioxidants perform two basic functions. Firstly, they restore the damage that occurs when cells are damaged bone react with oxygen. As a result of this interaction unstable molecules are formed, which can not only impede the process of recovery, but disrupt the protective mechanisms of the organism. Secondly, antioxidants have the property to reduce inflammation, without slowing down the process of tissue healing. Vitamin C is one of the most important and powerful antioxidants
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. He, as well as vitamins D, K and B6 serve as catalysts for chemical reactions taking place during fracture healing. Minerals such as zinc, copper, calcium, phosphorous and silicon are also necessary for normal bone repair process.
To get the nutrients to the extent necessary, eat protein-rich food containing the minimum amount of saturated fat, such as beans, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, fatty fish, poultry without the skin. Rich sources of antioxidants are fruits, vegetables, nuts and legumes. Experts say that the most brilliant fruits and vegetables contain the highest number of antioxidants.
Should pay close attention to the intake of nutrients. RDA for patients with fractures:
- Zinc is 12-30 mg;
- 1-3 mg copper;
- Calcium 800-1200 mg;
- Phosphorus 800-1200 mg;
- Silica 5-20 mg;
- 500-3000 mg of vitamin C;
- Vitamin D 800-2000 IU;
- Vitamin K 250-1000 mcg;
- Vitamin B6 is 25-50 mg.
Some foods, such as red meat, sugar, carbonated drinks, caffeine and alcohol can slow down the healing of fractures. If possible, eliminate them from your diet for the entire recovery period.
What kind of food is necessary for rapid healing of fractures
To fused bone as quickly as possible and at the site of the fracture callus formed qualitative, the body requires calcium, zinc, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, vitamin C, D, K, B6, B12, folic acid
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Calcium is found in milk and dairy products, sardines, pink salmon, almonds
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, Sesame seed, cabbage and spinach all grades. Calcium is active together with magnesium, which is needed for the biochemical reactions in the formation of new bone. Magnesium is found in bananas, wheat germ, green leafy vegetables, flounder, carp, shrimp, almonds, dairy products, sea bass, nuts, halibut, herring, mackerel, cod, whole grain bread. For effective intestinal calcium absorption in the body should contain large amounts of vitamin D (cod liver oil, fatty sea fish).
Zinc enhances the action of vitamin D promotes better calcium absorption. The zinc concentration in the animal tissues much greater than its content in plant foods. High concentrations of zinc found in marine fish and seafood. The products of plant origin source of zinc can be pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, beans, mushrooms, grains (oats and buckwheat), walnuts. However, phytic acid, which is part of the plant worsens zinc absorption plant.
Phosphorus richest caviar sturgeon fish, beans, egg yolk, cheese, beef liver, oatmeal and buckwheat, walnuts, pumpkin. But do not consume the phosphorus more than calcium, this may affect the absorption of calcium and slow down the formation of callus.
Folic acid (vitamin B9) and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is required for proper formation of bone collagen framework. Folic acid is found in bananas
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, Beans, green leafy vegetables, wheat germ, Brussels sprouts and cabbage, beets, brewer's yeast, calf liver, citrus, lentils. Pyridoxine is found in bananas, ham, wheat germ, potatoes, shrimp, salmon, chicken meat, beef liver, sunflower seeds. Deficiency of vitamin B12 can lead to disruption of the cells that build bone, causing it to exude more. The source of vitamin B12 - animal food: beef, dairy products, sardines, mackerel, eggs.
At deficiency of vitamin K the body to lose calcium in the urine. Vitamin K is synthesized by bacteria in the gut normal microflora at dysbacteriosis (when the predominant pathogenic microflora), its synthesis is disrupted. To restore normal intestinal microflora in the diet must be present dairy products.
The diet should avoid deficiency of protein (because it is the building material for the cells of the bone), but you should not use them too much (meat retards the absorption of calcium). As a source of protein is best to use eggs and low-fat dairy products.
What should be excluded from power for fractures
Drinking alcohol can disrupt the activity of the cells that form bone, causing it to begin to break down faster than recover.
The loss of calcium in the urine contributes to caffeine, should therefore be excluded from the diet of coffee, strong tea, chocolate and sugary sodas, whose composition is often included caffeine. Calcium is lost, and by eating large amounts of sugary foods, so they should be restricted.
A lot of fat in the diet also prevents normal absorption of calcium in the intestines, as fats bind him to form a soap. The intestines can not absorb these soaps, and they are excreted.
Proper nutrition for fractures - is the basis for the rapid formation of callus.