- Scoliosis: treatment and prevention
- Treatment of scoliosis
Types of scoliosis
Traditionally scoliosis divided into three main types - congenital, idiopathic or neuromuscular. Depending on various factors - reasons, the patient's age, the nature of spinal bending - type of scoliosis may be different. Furthermore, in the general case scoliosis divided into structural and non-structural.
Structural scoliosis can be caused by:
- neuromuscular diseases
- certain infections
- birth defects
- injuries and damage to the connective tissue
- metabolic disorder
- rheumatic disorders
No structural or functional scoliosis may develop due to certain conditions, including:
- difference in leg length
- muscle spasms
- inflammatory processes - such as appendicitis.
Although 80% of idiopathic scoliosis is considered to be caused by an unknown reason, recent medical studies show that a major cause of scoliosis may be genes. In May 2007, US scientists have identified the first gene associated with idiopathic scoliosis
Idiopathic scoliosis: the main thing - in time to see a specialist
CHD7. Idiopathic scoliosis depending on the age of the patient divided into:
- Infant, children under the age of 3 years
- Children, children aged 3 to 9 years
- Adolescence, in adolescents aged 10 to 18 years
- Adult after the final formation of the skeleton
Approximately 80% of idiopathic scoliosis
Scoliosis - when the spine is curved
It occurs against a background of puberty.
Congenital scoliosis - a rare form of scoliosis is caused by the formation or segmentation defects of the spine. Most often this type of scoliosis is common in women and is already present at birth, as is associated with congenital anomalies of the spine. The exact causes of congenital scoliosis is not known so far, but it is believed that most of this type of scoliosis is caused by defects in the formation of the spine during the development of the fetus in the womb.
Thoracic scoliosis - a separate kind of scoliosis, occurs based on the curvature of the spine for various reasons. For example, neuromuscular scoliosis is formed due to the weakness of the muscles or certain neuromuscular diseases - such as cerebral palsy, spina vertebral arches, muscular atrophy. Adults may suffer from the so-called degenerative scoliosis, emerging with age due to the weakness of the spinal column.
Thoracic scoliosis is accompanied by deformation of the chest
Deformation of the chest: congenital and acquired - What is the danger?
Which, in turn, leads to a dysfunction of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Additionally, thoracic scoliosis followed by further deformation of the spine, resulting in the formation of the hump.
While congenital scoliosis
Congenital scoliosis - feedback on the child in the first weeks beremennos
vertebral anomalies present at birth already, idiopathic scoliosis is formed with age and causes of such disease in most cases unknown. In the case of neuromuscular scoliosis, for example, a defect of the spine can be formed after physical trauma.
It considered moderate scoliosis condition where bending of the spine is less than 20 degrees. This type of scoliosis do not require treatment, and doctors are usually limited to the regular monitoring of spinal deformity.
Mild scoliosis is observed in 50% of the population, which manifests itself in small curvature of individual sections of the spine. Often, such a distortion noticeable at the initial examination of the spine. Scoliosis can not be considered a rare disease - a disorder affects approximately every tenth inhabitant of the Earth, and in most cases, people with scoliosis do not even know about its development.
Causes of scoliosis
The human spine is made up of several individual bones called vertebrae and connects the muscles and ligaments. The structure of the vertebra provides soft flat discs that separate one vertebra from the other. It therefore does not lose the flexibility of the spine and can move. Depending on the growth and shape of the body size and shape of the spinal column can also be varied. The normal structure of the spine provides small twists, but the formation of too much curvature problems begin.
Significant curvature of the spine and is called scoliosis. The consequences of scoliosis can change shape - for example, changing the shape of the breast, the difference in height of the shoulders, forming a hump.
Causes of spinal deformity may be different: some children are born with congenital vertebral defects, while others suffer from disease or injury, resulting eventually in deformation of the spine.