Hydrocortisone - ointment and eye ointment has been successfully used to treat skin and eye diseases and injuries, accompanied by severe tissue edema and itching. A short course of treatment usually leads to rapid improvement of the patient's condition. Long hydrocortisone ointment is not applicable.
Hydrocortisone - ointment for external use
1% ointment for topical hydrocortisone is available in tubes of 10 g active compound ointment is a semi-synthetic glucocorticosteroid (GCS) hydrocortisone acetate. When applied to the skin ointment hydrocortisone inhibits the release of biologically active substances responsible for the development of inflammatory and allergic processes (prostaglandins and cytokines) from the blood cells. Under the influence of hydrocortisone reduced inflammatory cell infiltrates, inhibited the migration of leukocytes and lymphocytes in the area of inflammation. When used in the form of short courses of treatment in limited areas of the skin does not cause suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system.
Hydrocortisone ointment applied as part of an integrated treatment of inflammatory and allergic skin diseases - atopic dermatitis (including neurodermatitis), eczema, atopic dermatitis and simple, psoriasis, photodermatosis, itching of various origins, insect bites, planus. Children two years after the ointment is applied with caution not more than once a day and on a small surface.
A thin layer of ointment applied to the skin 2-3 times a day for one to two weeks. Thereafter, ointments active substance accumulates in the epidermis. Hydrocortisone partially decomposed in the epidermis and in part (after absorption in the blood) in the liver, the kidneys and excreted in the bile.
The side effects of the ointment may appear as redness, swelling and itching at the site of application, pustular rash (a result of reduced immunity of the skin), soak the skin. If you apply the ointment over two weeks, perhaps joining a secondary infection, skin atrophy, various pigmented and white spots on the skin
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, Scars, areas of increased body hair.
Do not use this ointment if hypersensitivity, children up to two years (with itching in the anus - before the age of 12 years), infectious processes in the skin (in this case, if necessary, remove the swelling hydrocortisone ointment combined with use of antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral drugs ), tuberculosis, syphilis, skin tumors, skin changes after vaccination. Do not apply ointment on the open wounds and ulcers. With caution and only on prescription ointment is used during pregnancy and nursing
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feeding, as well as diabetes and pulmonary tuberculosis.
Hydrocortisone - eye ointment
0, 5% hydrocortisone ophthalmic ointment is a greasy ointment homogeneous soft white. Available in tubes of 3 g When applied to the conjunctiva has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and antipruritic effect of suppressing the formation of biologically active substances involved in inflammatory and allergic processes, developing in the tissues of the eye after exposure to mechanical, chemical, or immune factors. Hydrocortisone prevents scarring at the site of injuries and diseases of the cornea.
Apply the ointment in inflammatory diseases of the conjunctiva, cornea, sclera, choroid, allergic diseases of the eye and eyelid margins, states after injuries (including burns), and eye surgery.
Ointment in a small amount (in the form of a strip) is inserted into the conjunctival sac of 2-3 times a day for one to two weeks. Hydrocortisone with almost misses the cornea during intraocular liquid but penetrate the surface layers of the skin and mucosa, partially entering the bloodstream and then decomposing the liver. Derived metabolites of hydrocortisone
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through the kidneys and the bile.
Do not use this hydrocortisone ophthalmic ointment in purulent eye diseases, viral and fungal infections of the eye, the eye of tuberculosis
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, Primary glaucoma, corneal epithelial defects, the age of two years and hypersensitive to the components of the drug.
Precautions hydrocortisone ophthalmic ointment is used during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Ointment in these cases is assigned to short courses and only for health reasons.
Side effects of eye ointment may manifest as delayed wound healing corneal defects with subsequent infection of the deeper parts of the eye, the development of glaucoma and cataracts. In young children, may be a manifestation of systemic side effects typical of glucocorticoids.