- Hypertensive crisis: how to protect themselves from the consequences of
- Varieties of hypertensive crisis
Varieties of hypertensive crisis
Hypertensive crisis - a worsening of hypertension, which begins suddenly, lasts a short time and is manifested as disorders of the heart or brain.
Some patients (especially if they are receiving adequate treatment permanent) crises do not happen at all, in others the crises begin to appear in the early stages of the disease and may even be its only manifestation.
Hypertensive crisis in the early and late stages of hypertension differ from each other as the mechanism of occurrence, and by major manifestations.
The main manifestations of hypertensive crisis in the early stages of hypertension
Such a crisis usually begins with the allocation in the blood increased amounts of adrenaline. Most often it is the result of a stress
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. Under the action of adrenaline, a sharp narrowing of the blood vessels, which causes rise in blood pressure. But too high pressure in this type of hypertensive crisis does not happen. The patient begins to feel palpitations, why may panic and fear of death. That is why he must know clearly the signs of crisis, do not be afraid of him and know how to help themselves. Additionally, you may develop a strong headache and tremors occur throughout the body. After spasm of blood vessels pass, patients usually copious notes.
The main manifestations of hypertensive crisis in the later stages of hypertension
In the later stages of hypertension
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cause of crisis is the release of norepinephrine. The crisis may begin on many factors, including the sharp change in atmospheric pressure, magnetic storms, cold, taking a heavy meal (especially at night), heavy physical exertion, stress.
Blood pressure in this case may rise to very high numbers and duration of such crises significantly greater than crises in the early stages of the disease. During such a crisis may dominate the signs of disorders of the cardiovascular system, the brain without violations and abuses on the part of the peripheral nervous system. Severe hypertensive crises manifested by spasms of the blood vessels of several regions (generalized crises).
Hypertensive heart crisis usually occurs in older patients. It begins with the appearance of weakness and anxiety, after which the patient begins to feel palpitations, shortness of breath. This suggests that in the veins of the pulmonary circulation (it goes from the heart to the lungs and back again) is stagnant liquid part of blood seeps through the walls of veins and fills the lungs. This is very dangerous, because it may start swelling
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lungs - a serious condition that requires emergency care.
Hypertensive crises without brain disorders from the peripheral nervous system often occurs at night, while there is a strong and constantly growing headache, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and sometimes - a semiconscious state.
Hypertensive crisis with brain disorders of the peripheral nervous commonly found in cases where the patient does not feel high blood pressure
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and do not take their medicines. Under the influence of the release of norepinephrine, such patients feel a burst of energy, but then become irritable, after which they may be signs of numbness in one or another part of the body, blurred vision (front sight in the eyes, double vision objects), hearing, speech, changes in traffic patterns.
Kriz generalized spasm of blood vessels is shown both in the brain, heart, kidney and the retina. Condition of these patients can be very heavy.
How to help the patient during a hypertensive crisis
Hypertensive crisis in any case should not be a surprise for the patient. The patient, a doctor is constantly observed, always knows how and why can begin crisis, signs of its approach and first aid for him. At the same time you should try not to panic, to call an ambulance to take a sedative pills pressure reduction (removal of hypertensive crisis doctor prescribes special treatment). Then you can put your feet in a basin of warm water, relax and wait for the arrival of an ambulance.
If ambulance lower blood pressure fails, the patient is usually admitted to the hospital in order to prevent complications of hypertensive crisis.
Hypertensive crisis often develops at an irregular or inadequate treatment of hypertension. If you perform all prescription, crises are usually avoided.