The state should support families with children. That is why in our country there are a number of legislative acts that provide cash benefits for children, including a one-time payment on the birth of the child. These payments are indexed in 2009 in line with inflation.
Lump-sum allowance for childbirth payable to all citizens of the Russian Federation, in which the child was born, according to the following legislative acts:
- Federal Law of 19.05.1995g. № 81-FZ "On State benefits for citizens with children" and the amendments thereto on 01.03.2008 and 14.07.2008g .;
- Federal law from 24.11.2008 № 204-FZ "On the Federal Budget for 2009 and the planning period of 2010 and 2011";
- Federal Law of 28.04.2009 № 76-FZ "On Amendments to the Federal Law" On the Federal Budget for 2009 and the planning period of 2010 and 2011 ";
- RF Government Decree of December 30, 2006 № 865 "On Approval of the appointment and payment of state benefits to citizens with children";
- Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation "On Approving the explanation of the appointment and payment of monthly allowance for child care" from 13.04.2007 № 270/106.
The size of a lump sum at birth
The size of a lump sum at birth from January 1, 2009 had been retroactively indexed to the size of indexation 1 13. Following the indexation of the size of a lump sum at birth, as well as the transfer of the child in foster care in 2009 amounted to 9989, 86 rubles for each child. Since the conversion was made after January 2009, stipulates that the payment of the previously produced should be recalculated taking into account the new index and the difference paid out of the Social Insurance Fund.
In addition, in some territories and provinces to federal payments may be added regional benefits, which are determined by the budgets already territories and regions.
What matters as to which period the parents asked for the appointment and payment of a lump sum. For example, in Art. 17-2 Law number 81 of 05/19/1995 Mr. "On State benefits for citizens with children" states that a lump sum is assigned at birth, if the treatment they were followed within six months from the date of birth of the child.
Who and based on what documents shall be paid a lump sum at birth
Lump-sum allowance for childbirth (no later than 6 months after birth) is granted and paid to one parent or the person who replaces him. Working parents allowance is paid at the place of work and unemployed - in the social security agencies within 10 days after the submission of the list of required documents.
The list of required documents provided parents with the application form for payment of a lump sum at birth.
The benefit for the second child
Since January 2007, a woman who gave birth to her second child, the state provides a "primary capital base, which it can spend on a home purchase, or a child's education, or to invest in the funded part of their own retirement." The size of the lump sum for the second child is 250 thousand. Rubles. To pay these benefits will start from January 2010, and while the young mother get your hands on a certificate for that amount.
And what about the West?
In the West, with the help of child allowances are trying to stimulate the birth rate, but without much success. For example, in Cyprus at the birth of each child at the same time the state pays four dollars, to the third, fourth, etc. child every month for three years shall be paid an allowance of one hundred and eighty dollars. In Switzerland, up to age of each child at the parents paid a hundred dollars a month, in addition to poor people to pay the cost of stay of the child in kindergarten. In the UK, a weekly social benefit for low-income family with two children about two hundred dollars, while the benefits are paid to all children, regardless of income level of the family up to the age of sixteen. In Sweden benefits for all children up to eighteen years (or until the end of the gymnasium) - paid eighty-five dollars a month, children from single-parent families - one hundred seventeen dollars.
The state is obliged to take care of its citizens, especially those who can not do it themselves: the elderly and children. This is one of the hallmarks of a civilized state.