- Contraception during breast-feeding - it does not harm the baby
- Hormonal agents
- Side effects
So, in your family recently had a baby. All are glad, terribly concerned, and my mother is likely to feel happy, but a little weak. Did you plan to have more children. But hardly want to get pregnant right now, just this week. So, we need to be protected.
Postpartum contraception has several features.
Method lactation amenorrhea (absence of menstruation due to breastfeeding)
This method is based on the suppression of prolactin (a hormone that promotes milk production) processes of maturation and release of the egg. This means that ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
It does not occur, the egg is not ready to be fertilized. But there are some very important conditions, and the method can be used by women only if:
- not resumed menstruation (postnatal discharge are not considered menstruation);
- postpartum no more than 6 months;
- the child is exclusively breastfed, that is receiving only breast milk, acceptable part (about 15%) in the diet of baby juice, tea, some water, depending on the season;
- the intervals between feedings no more than 3 hours during the day and 6 hours at night;
- Breastfeeding initiated within one hour after birth;
- baby sucks a pacifier;
- Mom is not expressed and not feed the baby expressed milk.
If these conditions are not met, be protected in this way is impossible.
Natural methods (coitus interruptus, calendar, temperature)
The postpartum period is not very suitable, since certain changes are possible in the usual rhythm of the body. This is due, primarily, to childbirth, feeding, stress management, stress.
You can use as give adequate contraceptive effect, do not interfere with lactation may protect against some trouble (fungal diseases) that a healthy immune system would have coped, but can give a weakened hole. The only comment that female barrier contraceptives should not be used earlier than six weeks after the birth and they must choose a doctor.
When used properly, the reliability of about 80%. It does not affect the mother and the child, do not interfere with lactation. Spermicides envelop the cervix, and the chemicals that make up the spermicide. Spermicides may be issued in the form of gels, foams, candles. Using spermicides often solves the problem of vaginal dryness
Vaginal dryness: Causes and Symptoms
in lactating women.
Combined contraceptive pills can not use - they inhibit the production of milk.
You can take progesteronics
Progesterone - norm and pathology
- Mini-pill. They contain a small amount of synthetic hormone progestogen similar to the hormone of the corpus luteum. The drug changes the quality of the cervical mucus so that it becomes thick and forms an impenetrable barrier to sperm, which can not meet the egg. They do not affect the composition and quantity of milk can be taken from the third week after birth. However, the drug must be taken "alarm clock" - at the same time, clear and punctual.
Hormonal injections and implants
You can start to apply six weeks after childbirth. Do not affect the production of breast milk. The reliability of 99%.
Intrauterine device (IUD)
Intrauterine devices do not affect the quality of the milk and are particularly suitable lactation because of high efficiency. With the introduction of the IUD immediately after delivery there is a high risk of loss, so it is best to make this procedure 6-8 weeks after birth.
Mirena Intrauterine hormonal system
Suitable for lactating women. Principle: the top of the T-Systems is levongestrelom container, which is a synthetic analogue of the female hormone progesterone. The membrane is designed so that allows you to stand out at a constant speed is negligibly small amount of hormones, which does not change for 5 years and provides a local contraceptive effect.
There are also more radical methods: complete abstinence from sexual relations, sterilization
Sterilization - may be temporarily
. But without going to extremes, you can choose a worthy and, most importantly, safe way to postpartum contraception.