7 ways to cure sunburn - Risk Factors and Complications

January 9, 2011

  • 7 ways to cure sunburn
  • Risk factors and complications
  • First aid

Risk factors

People with fair skin get sunburns are more likely than people with dark skin. This is due to the fact that the latter is produced in the skin more melanin, which provides some protection from the sun, but not on other skin damage induced by UV-rays.

Skin color is determined by the number, distribution, and type melanocytes (cells that produce melanin). Dermatologists identify several types of skin on the degree of pigmentation.

The first type is very pale skin that never tans and burns easily. The second type - a white skin, which readily formed sunburns and tans that minimum. Skin third and fourth types of white and dark respectively, burns minimally, quickly covered with tan. Dark dark or brown skin - a fifth type rarely burns and tans easily. Dark brown or black skin is the sixth type is itself deeply pigmented, and while under the influence of UV rays melanin it stands, the tan on it is almost imperceptible - nevertheless, on it may also appear sunburn.

Regardless of the type of skin How to determine your skin type  How to determine your skin type
   solar energy penetrates deeply into the skin and can damage the DNA of its cells. These lesions can eventually lead to cancers, including melanoma.

Besides skin types, risk factors for sunburn Sunburn: severe blow to the body  Sunburn: severe blow to the body
   are living in a hot climate, and / or at high altitude, UV radiation is stronger, moreover, there is often snow, perfectly reflects sunlight.



Overexposure to sunlight, which causes sunburn, increases the risk of development of certain complications and related skin diseases.



The bursting of the blisters on the skin makes a person more vulnerable to bacterial infections.



Frequent sunburns accelerate the skin aging process Aging Skin: The three most common problems and their solutions  Aging Skin: The three most common problems and their solutions
 . Changes in the skin caused by exposure to the sun are called photoaging. The results of photoaging are:

  • The weakening of the connective tissue, which is why the skin weakens and loses its elasticity;
  • Thinning of the skin;
  • Deep wrinkles;
  • Dry, rough skin;
  • The appearance of visible capillaries on the cheeks, nose and ears;
  • Freckles mainly on the face and shoulders;
  • Vast areas of hyperpigmentation on the face, back of the hand, forearm and chest (these spots are also called solar lentigines);
  • Areas of hypopigmentation on the feet and hands.


Actinic keratoses

Actinic keratoses - rough areas is, sheluschyascheysya skin that can appear where there were sunburn. Their color varies from whitish and pink to the color of the skin and dark brown. Actinic keratoses are often precancerous formations.


Skin cancer

Sunburn can cause damage to the DNA of skin cells, which in turn sometimes leads to skin cancer Skin cancer - a full recovery possible  Skin cancer - a full recovery possible

Treatment of herpes - a serious problem - Regimens

January 22, 2014

  • Treatment of herpes - a serious problem
  • Immunotherapy
  • Regimens

 antiherpetic treatment scheme

Schemes antiherpetic treatment

The main goal of treatment of any type of herpes infection is to reduce the frequency and duration of relapses, as well as the severity of their flow. To this end, the antiviral drugs are assigned to different schemes.

The first scheme includes episodic antiviral treatment during acute herpes infection therapeutic dosages. Fastest herpes treatment can be carried out with the help of Famvir. The scheme also includes the appointment of drugs with interferon inducers of interferon.

The second scheme is called suppressive therapy. It is a constant intake of antiviral drugs in remission low doses. Such treatment can last for years.

In less severe recurrent herpes usually quite the destination course antivirals System (tablets) and local (in the form of a cream) actions, as well as the full course of treatment Amiksin, vitamin-mineral complexes and viferonom or Kipferon. If acute herpes continues, then appointed vaccinotherapy.

At moderate and severe recurrent herpes of the combination therapy in addition to antiviral drugs and non-specific immunotherapy must include vaccine therapy, which is usually prescribed after treatment with immunomodulators such as Poludanum or Myelopid that increase the efficacy of vaccine.

For very frequent recurrences of herpes treatment begins with nonspecific immunotherapy. After a course of nonspecific immunotherapy held a course of specific immunotherapy - administered herpes vaccine booster which must be repeated every 6 to 8 months. In addition, such patients prescribe a course of suppressive antiviral therapy for three - four months.


Local treatment of herpes infection

For topical treatment of herpes infections in the skin and mucous membranes used a cream and ointment acyclovir Acyclovir - as it is safe?  Acyclovir - as it is safe?
 . If you put the cream on the skin or mucous membranes at the first signs of deterioration, when there appeared rash with blisters, then a slight relapse of the disease can be managed in one or two days.

Topical application of antiviral drugs herpes skin and mucous membranes is required to reduce edema, exudation, pain and itching in the areas of destruction, accelerate healing of ulcers and erosions, and reduce the duration of viral shedding in the areas of destruction.

It is particularly important to hold local treatment of recurrent herpes in men with lesions of large areas of the urogenital organs. For this purpose, it is used not only antiviral but also immunomodulators. For example, for the treatment of herpetic urethritis often prescribed liniment tsikloferona or Poludanum which is administered in the form of instillation into the urethra. When herpetic lesions of the rectum effective introduction into the rectum of the solution in the form mikroklizm Poludan. Assign also rectal suppositories kipferon. Often this treatment course is complemented by carrying out a low-frequency laser. Treatment of herpes laser can significantly increase the effectiveness of treatment of recurrent herpes in men. In the topical treatment of lesions of urogenital organs in women is also often used candles kipferon (administered vaginally) and liniment tsikloferona.


Why in some cases the treatment of recurrent herpes ineffective?

Recurrent genital herpes does not always respond well to treatment. Sometimes the application and selection of different treatments gives the desired results. Lack of proper therapeutic effect can manifest itself in the preservation of the frequency, duration and severity of relapses or maintaining general malaise, weakness, loss of ability to work with the improvement of local manifestations of herpes infection. And in fact, in both cases the treatment is considered ineffective.

Very often in such cases, the examination of the patients revealed a combination of herpes simplex virus (HSV-1 or HSV-2), cytomegalovirus (herpes virus type 5), and it already requires other treatments.


Treatment of herpes zoster

Treatment of herpes zoster should also be integrated and administered as early as possible. It is the prevention of post-herpetic neuralgia - severe pain in the course of the changing impact of herpes infection of the nerve after the disease has already ended.

The structure of the complex treatment should include antivirals (acyclovir, Valtrex, Famvir) and immunomodulating (viferon, kipferon, amiksin, alpizarin) drugs, vitamins, vitamin C, rutin, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs (ketorol, diclofenac, ibuprofen, Nise) antihistamines (suprastin, Claritin Claritin - histamine receptor blocker  Claritin - histamine receptor blocker
 , Erius) drugs. If the disease is complicated by the addition of an infection, antibiotics are prescribed. Severe shingles require hospital treatment.

Physiotherapy techniques are used: UHF, ultraviolet irradiation, ultrasound, electrophoresis with novocaine, adrenaline and others.

For topical treatment of herpes zoster Treatment of herpes zoster - the main thing is not to miss the right moment  Treatment of herpes zoster - the main thing is not to miss the right moment
   aniline dyes used (an alcoholic solution of brilliant green, methylene blue aqueous solution, and so on) that is applied to a dot on the skin of the lesion. As the antiviral agents used Zovirax cream Zovirax - time-proven antiviral drug  Zovirax - time-proven antiviral drug
 , Alpizarinovaya ointment (possesses antiviral, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, it is prepared from the leaves of the mango).

Treatment of herpes - the task is not simple, it can carry out dermatologist, urology and gynecology, specially trained for the treatment of herpes.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Treatment of herpes