One of the most popular is Nizoral antifungal agents, indications for its use - this is most fungal infections common in humans. Nizoral administered, for both external and for systemic treatment of various fungal infections.
Indications for the treatment of fungal infections caused by dermatophytes
Dermatophyte - fungi is that affect the horny layer of the epidermis, hair and nails. Dermatophytes are fungi that cause trichophytosis, microsporia and athlete.
This is a very common fungal infections that are difficult to treat because their originators have an extraordinary vitality that distinguishes them from other pathogenic fungi. The reason is that these fungi have a special enzyme - "aggression factors" contributing to overcome the body's defenses. Implementation of dermatophytes in skin and nail disorders contribute to the integrity of the skin, as well as a variety of chronic diseases that create a predisposition for the introduction of a fungal infection from the outside due to the decrease in activity of metabolism, blood circulation and immunity disorders.
Nizoral (active substance - ketoconazole) in the treatment of dermatophytosis applied in the form of ingestible tablets, 200 mg (they have a systemic action), or in a dosage form for external application - 2% cream. Nizoral action related to the inhibition of ergosterol formation and cell membrane lipids in fungi. This leads to the complete destruction of fungal cells or suppress their activity.
Dermatophytes exhibit a high sensitivity to nizoralu. But these mushrooms have a high survival rate and the rate of treatment Trichophyton, Microsporum and athlete should continue for at least a month, and with the defeat of the scalp - up to two months. Nizoral Take one or two tablets a day with meals. At the same time it can be applied to the affected skin and Nizoral 2% cream, which is applied to smooth skin once a day. The main danger of Nizoral tablets is toxic to the liver, so take these pills can only be prescribed by a doctor.
Indications for the treatment of candidiasis of the skin, mucous membranes and internal organs
Candidiasis is caused by the yeast genus Candida. Strikes can smooth skin, folds of skin, mucous membranes and internal organs. The fungi of the genus Candida are representatives of conditionally pathogenic microflora, constantly lives on the skin and mucous membranes of humans. Normally, the body's defenses (immune system) does not allow the penetration of fungi into the skin and mucous membranes. The main role in this is useful microflora - it inhibits the excessive proliferation of fungi.
In violation of the ratio between beneficial and pathogenic microflora last begins to multiply and cause disease. For example, the use of antibiotics killing not only pathogenic, but also useful bacteria and fungi to most antibiotics are not sensitive. Reproduction of fungi of the genus Candida leads to the development of candidiasis.
The fungi of the genus Candida exhibit high sensitivity to nizoralu. For the treatment of systemic candidiasis used pills, skin - 2% cream. There is also a special formulation for the treatment of candidiasis (thrush), genital mutilation - vaginal suppositories
Vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation
Candidiasis of skin and oral cavity Nizoral used on a tablet daily for two - three weeks for vaginal candidiasis
Thrush - vaginal candidiasis: when to go to the doctor?
(thrush) - within a week. The duration of Nizoral as external medicinal forms is the same.
What other fungal infections are treated using Nizoral
Well treatable nizoralom and fungal infections, leading to the formation of dandruff. To treat it, a special formulation Nizoral - shampoo. The main cause of dandruff is a microscopic yeast fungus (Piturosporum ovale). He is often present on the scalp without causing disease.
But with metabolic disorders of the scalp, changing the chemical composition of sebum and the acidity of the skin - a breeding ground for fungus. The increase of fungal microflora results in significant exfoliation of epithelial cells of the skin. The drug of choice, to suppress the development of fungi that cause dandruff, is Nizoral. For the treatment of dandruff
Dandruff: where it comes from, and what to do
based soft shampoo designed lekarstveknny drug, non-irritating to the skin, even with daily use. When the scalp dandruff washed with shampoo, leaving it on the skin for five minutes before rinsing. The course of treatment - twice a week for a month.
High sensitivity also shows nizoralu pathogen causing chromophytosis
Ringworm - not only infectious disease
and pathogens that cause systemic fungal infections such as paracoccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis. Systemic fungal infections of the duration of treatment is about six months.