How to treat acne - drugs and methods

October 9, 2013

  • How to treat acne - drugs and methods
  • Causes
  • Methods

 how to cure acne
 Treatment of acne - a difficult task, largely because the reason for their appearance is often incomprehensible. Home remedies to help more or less effectively monitor the status of the skin, but more visible and consistent results can be achieved by means of special funds for the treatment of acne.

 How to treat acne - drugs and methods


Isotretinoin - one of the most powerful tools used to treat severe forms of acne. Women who used it during the entire treatment should take effective birth control, as in the case of pregnancy isotretinoin can cause severe birth defects.

This drug can significantly improve the skin condition, but because of the serious side effects of his prescribed rare.

 How to treat acne - drugs and methods


If acne is caused by bacteria P. acnes, for their treatment can be prescribed a course of antibiotic treatment, the duration of which is generally not more than six months. Typically, the first take antibiotics at high doses, resulting in a significant reduction in the number of spots, and then the dose is gradually reduced. Over time, bacteria can become resistant to the antibiotic used; in this case the patient is required to change drug.

The most commonly used for the treatment of acne erythromycin Erythromycin - if you are allergic to penicillin  Erythromycin - if you are allergic to penicillin
 , Tetracycline, and derivatives of the latter.

Erythromycin fights with a broad spectrum of bacteria, including P. acnes. Its most common side effect is a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract.

Tetracycline can not be taken by pregnant and lactating women and children under 8 years. During the first week of treatment, patients taking the drug at 500-1000 mg per day - as long as no significant improvement occurs. Then for many months need to take a smaller dose of tetracycline Tetracycline - a natural broad-spectrum antibiotic  Tetracycline - a natural broad-spectrum antibiotic

 How to treat acne - drugs and methods

Oral contraceptives

For many women, oral contraceptives are very effective in treating acne Acne Treatment - proper care of inflamed skin  Acne Treatment - proper care of inflamed skin
 . Hormones reduce the activity of the sebaceous glands, and skin condition is normalized. However, this tool is not recommended for women smokers who are prone to bleeding disorders, women older than 35 years and those in whose history has migraine I have a migraine. What to do?  I have a migraine. What to do?

 How to treat acne - drugs and methods

General anti-infectives for local use

These drugs are used to treat mild to moderate acne. These medications include:

  • Azelaic acid - a substance that is normally produced in the skin. It kills P. acnes, reducing inflammation and abnormal skin peeling. Most people tolerate azelaic acid, and effectively apply it throughout the years. Among the side effects - dry and brightening the skin areas, which regularly applied azelaic acid.
  • Benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria P. acnes, however, has no anti-inflammatory action. Issued gels, lotions, creams and other cosmetics with different concentrations of benzoyl peroxide. Many researchers believe that benzoyl peroxide increases the effectiveness of some other agents for the treatment of acne, such as erythromycin and clindamycin. While the use of antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide reduces the risk of developing resistance to antibiotics. The most common side effects - skin irritation and allergic reaction.
  • Clindamycin has long been successfully used to treat acne. Its release in the form of tablets for oral administration, but as a vehicle for topical clindamycin safer and better tolerated. In some cases, it causes skin dryness and irritation.

 How to treat acne - drugs and methods

Retinoids for topical use

Retinoids - vitamin A derivatives, are widely used in the treatment of acne. They open clogged pores and prevent formation of blackheads and pimples. Retinoids can cause irritation of the skin and make it more sensitive to sunlight, so during treatment should take additional measures to protect against ultraviolet radiation.

The most common retinoids used to treat acne:

  • Adapalene - synthetic retinoid which not only prevents the clogging of the pores, but also has anti-inflammatory action. The improvement becomes apparent after 8-12 weeks. Side effects can be mild irritation and dry skin.
  • Tretinoin - first retinoid being designed for topical application. Previously, many patients complained that tretinoin caused too much skin irritation. Modern forms of tretinoin, however, are much more lenient. However, among the possible side effects of the drug - redness, peeling and dryness and itching and burning.

Oily skin: Natural and artificial care

October 11, 2013

  • Oily skin: Natural and artificial care
  • Scalp
  • Men
  • Acne
  • Smoking
  • Folk remedies
  • The best anti-aging cosmetics
  • Home remedies
  • Means for care
  • Moistening agent
  • How to make money at home
  • Tonic at home
  • Whitening Mask
  • Top care products
  • How to stay healthy

 oily skin
 In adolescence, many are faced with the emergence of dandruff Dandruff: where it comes from, and what to do  Dandruff: where it comes from, and what to do
   and greasy on the skin. Some are preserved in later life. Not all perceive this condition as a disease, while oily skin - a manifestation of seborrhea.

 Oily skin: Natural and artificial care

What is seborrhea, and because of what it occurs

Seborrhea - a disease which is associated with a dysfunction of the sebaceous glands and is manifested by excessive sebum secretion and changes in its chemical composition. Most often this condition occurs at puberty, but may develop in any other age.

Teenagers on the background of the age of hormonal changes the body increases the secretion of the sebaceous glands, that is, there is a physiological seborrhea. Normally it disappears at the end of puberty.

Seborrhea reasons not completely understood. An important role is played in its emergence hereditary factors and pathological changes in the sebaceous glands. Violation of sebum is due to changes in hormonal status of the patient: increased production of androgens and estrogens reduce production.

Sebum and its composition depends on the endocrine and nervous systems, gastrointestinal, gender, person's age, the nature of power and the presence of concomitant diseases. Seborrhea in sebum increased content of fatty acids.

Because of changes in the quality of sebum recently losing bactericidal properties (ability to kill germs). This creates the conditions for the normal microflora of the skin become pathogenic (disease).

Bold, dry and mixed forms of seborrhea. The first of these, depending on the texture and composition of sebum is liquid and dense.

 Oily skin: Natural and artificial care

Oily seborrhea

This kind of disease occurs in adolescence when increased secretory function of the sebaceous glands. Pathological changes visible on the scalp, face, chest and between the shoulder blades.

The skin in these areas becomes rough, oily, rough, shiny and gets dirty gray color. Expanding the mouth of the hair follicles and the scalp there is a set of large yellowish-white scales.

Located on the body surface bacteria (Staphylococcus and Corynebacterium acne) secrete enzymes that break down fats sebum to free fatty acids. The latter is irritating to the skin and cause complications of the disease.

  • The liquid form of oily seborrhea is more common in women and usually develops in adolescence. Because enlarged pores skin and looks like orange peel. When pressed on her in the nasolabial folds and cheeks of the sebaceous glands secrete liquid translucent oily sebum.

Hair stick together, become thin and look like them oiled. They are many yellowish scales.

More often than not, this form of seborrhea is complicated by pyoderma (pustular skin diseases). Sometimes people between the ages of twenty to twenty-four years, there is baldness, which first appears in the temporo-frontal, parietal and later department scalp. In men, hair loss increases with neuropsychiatric disorders and significant mental stress, and women - during pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding).

  • Dense form oily seborrhea occurs in young men between the ages of sixteen and twenty years. The skin becomes thick, its elasticity is reduced, and it becomes brownish-gray color. The mouth of the sebaceous glands greatly expanded. Often, the excretory duct becomes blocked tore prostate epithelial cells, which are impregnated with sebum. This forms a black acne (comedo). If you squeeze it, it stands out a dense mass.

This form of seborrhea is often complicated atheromas - cysts of the sebaceous glands of various sizes. If atheroma becomes inflamed, then after a while it opened, pus, and in its place formed a scar.

Thick oily seborrhea can also be accompanied by the appearance of boils (inflammation of the hair follicle and the surrounding tissues), abscess Abscess - why it is so dangerous ulcers?  Abscess - why it is so dangerous ulcers?
   (inflammation in the tissues in which a cavity filled with pus). Vegetating pyoderma (purulent inflammation of the skin to form on it ulcers) and undermine folliculitis (chronic purulent inflammation of hair follicles) also complicate the seborrhea.

In this form of the disease hair is thick, hard and rough. On the scalp flakes firmly attached to the thickened skin.

 Oily skin: Natural and artificial care

Dry and Mixed seborrhea

Dry seborrhea often seen in children before puberty, because at this age the pilosebaceous unit is still underdeveloped. Separately isolated gneiss - seborrhea scalp that develops in infants in the first weeks of life. At the head of the scales appear dirty gray. After their removal visible red skin on which they arise again. When combing comb through small defects in the epidermis (outer layer of skin) is allocated inflammatory fluid. It dries up, and thereby form a continuous cover of yellow color.

In adults, when dry oily separation of sebum is reduced, and the horny scales covered with hair and scalp. This process is associated with the activation of a fungus called oval pitirosporum that many people have. It becomes pathogenic only under certain conditions (for example, lowered immunity or strenuous physical work). The microorganism increases peeling of the skin, which is usually accompanied by itching. The scales are easily separated and fall clothing. So there is dandruff. Hair with dry, thin, brittle, and cleaved ends.

Skin changes also appear on the extensor surfaces of the arms and legs and torso. In these parts of the body there are numerous reddish or skin color is usually small nodules in the center of which are often twisted hairs. These formations are covered with horny scales. At the touch of the skin resembles a grater. This condition is called keratosis pilaris.

Also, sometimes on the body appear seboreidy - reddish or pink spots, which are located on the surface of small flakes. A person may experience a feeling of tightness and itching of the skin, which becomes stronger after washing.

Mixed seborrhea is more common in men. On the face showing signs of oily seborrhea and scalp - dry. Sometimes develop mixed forms of oily seborrhea, oily liquid when the symptoms appear on the face seborrhea, and displays a thick oily - on the scalp.

 Oily skin: Natural and artificial care

Acne - a frequent complication of seborrhea

Acne - a chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands, which are often repeated. They occur during puberty in adolescents who suffer from oily or mixed form of seborrhea.

Acne Many factors contribute. Among them are of great importance:

  • Genetic predisposition;
  • Disorders of endocrine glands;
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • Hypovitaminosis;
  • Drinking excessive amounts of carbohydrates and fats, irritating foods.

Increased excretion of fat due to the change in the ratio of androgens and estrogens. Also work glands affected even some hormones that bind to specific proteins.

Excessive sebum leads to keratinization (filling epithelial cell specific protein keratin) of the sebaceous glands. Recent hypertrophy (increase in size), there are comedones - blackheads. Stagnant sebum decomposes and serves as a good breeding ground for many microorganisms. Corynebacterium acne, oval pitirosporum and Staphylococcus aureus - the most common flora on the skin and in hair follicles.

 Oily skin: Natural and artificial care

Symptoms of Acne

Vulgar (youthful) eels - the most common type of this disease. Outwardly, they are hemispherical pink nodules, ranging in size from a pinhead to a pea. Eels are located on the face, chest and back.

In the center of the nodule appears abscess, after opening is formed on the surface of yellow crust. After healing of acne vulgaris forms a small scar or pigmentation remains. This form of rash often happens when the liquid oily seborrhea.

When a thick oily seborrhea process of separation of fat from the glands is difficult, there are many comedones, expand the mouth of the hair follicles. Elements of the rash does not appear only on the face, but also on the scalp, in the BTE folds on the back and chest. In tissues which surround comedones develop inflammation, acne and increase in size.

A few weeks later the resulting seal is softened and opened with the formation of cavities, from which stands out stringy pus. After acne heal on their place are formed deep scars.

When sebum is not output, it accumulates in the gland and its duct and stretches them. Since cysts are formed under the name of atheroma Atheroma - it is better to remove  Atheroma - it is better to remove
 . They can inflame and fester, and then there are bluish-purple nodes.

Often there whiteheads (whitehead). They are dense knots milky-white color that look like sago grains.

A special form of acne - papillary dermatitis of the head (acne kelloid sclerosing folliculitis or occipital). It occurs in men between the ages of twenty to forty years. Eruptions are located at the back and on the back of the neck. Externally pathology looks like a group of nodules in the form of cord, the skin around them is much sealed. In these areas the hair grows beams.

Conglobata acne - a severe form of lesions in dense oily seborrhea. Also comedones and atheroma, there are major nodes located deep in the skin and subcutaneous fat. First, they are dense, painful and have a reddish-bluish color. The nodes are merged together and formed an abscess - a cavity that are filled with pus. Recently opened, and they spot formed nonhealing ulcers. In their place are jagged scars. These eels are located on the neck and back, at least on the face and chest.

 Oily skin: Natural and artificial care

Oily skin and hair loss

Hair loss (alopecia) - another frequent complication of seborrhea. The disease occurs in both men and women. It usually begins at puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path  Puberty child - stages of a complex path

First, there is a physiological seborrhea, when increased sebum glands. After a few years the number of the selected fat comes back to normal. But some people do not, and the hair starts to fall.

For this pathology characterized by hypertrophy of the sebaceous glands and the change in the composition of their emissions. The latter is due to the disruption to the endocrine and nervous systems.

When seborrheic alopecia in scalp person experiences itching, pain and feeling of constriction. Men between the ages of eighteen to twenty years, and thinning hair become less frequent in the temples and the crown, and in severe cases, bald on the crown is formed. For women, depression is characterized by hair in the frontal area. On the scalp appears dandruff flakes have a grayish-yellow color and can be easily separated.

When a thick oily seborrhea falls less hair than the liquid form of the disease, but this process captures all areas of the scalp. Persistent hair loss develops in about thirty years. When mixed form of hair loss is due to purulent inflammation of the follicles.

Oily skin can be a manifestation of seborrhea - a disease associated with a violation of the sebaceous glands, which leads to the appearance of cosmetic defects, and psychological discomfort. This condition requires treatment, which should deal with the doctor.