- Oily skin treatment and daily care
- Home remedies
Treatment of oily seborrhea and its complications should be comprehensive and include diet, restorative measures and the use of drugs. But before that, a person must be examined carefully to identify him pathology of the endocrine and neuro-vascular systems.
For the treatment of oily seborrhea can be used drugs that reduce the production of sebum. For example, for these purposes the hormonal drug Diane-35.
This medicine comes in the form of pills. It consists of estrogen ethinyl estradiol and cyproterone acetate - a substance that reduces the formation of androgen hormones and reducing their concentration in the blood. Acne disappears in about three or four months after the start of dosing and increased greasiness of the skin and the hair disappears earlier. Diane-35 is also used as a contraceptive.
Women who suffer from seborrhea, the drug is prescribed for one pills in the morning. Acceptance of this means starting from the fifth day of the menstrual cycle
The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
and lasts for three weeks. This is followed by a seven-day break, after which the treatment is resumed, and pursue a course of three to five months. In men, the drug is used in a cycle of ten days at intervals of twenty days.
People who suffer seborrhea, must also take vitamins A, group B, C and E, trace elements (phosphorus, sulfur, iron, and some others).
Treatment includes antibiotics and drugs that reduce the secretion of sebum. Because antimicrobial agents effective tetracycline and erythromycin.
The first group of antibiotics include tetracycline and doxycycline. The drug has a bacteriostatic effect, ie prevents the growth of microbes in the body (including the skin). Tetracycline may selectively penetrate into inflammation foci and is accumulated in the sebaceous glands. For the prevention of candidiasis (infection that is caused by the yeast of the genus Candida) appointed Nystatin
Nystatin - help with candidiasis
In severe forms of acne, isotretinoin use. The exact mechanism of action of this drug has not been elucidated, but it is known that it inhibits the activity of sebaceous glands and leads to reduction in their size. It also has anti-inflammatory properties.
Roaccutane is available in capsules, which when administered drug from the digestive tract into the blood stream quickly. The drug from the body is excreted in the feces and urine. The course of treatment is two or three months, then for the same time is supportive therapy.
For the purpose of the drug, there are certain indications. These include:
- Nodulocystic acne and conglobata;
- Acne with an increased risk of scarring;
- Acne, which does not cure the use of other therapies.
It is important to know that there are situations where isotretinoin can not be used. It is contraindicated in:
- Hypervitaminosis A;
- Hepatic Insufficiency;
- Simultaneous treatment of tetracyclines;
- Severe hyperlipidemia, ie, elevated levels of lipids (fat-like substances) in the blood;
- Lactation (breast vskramlivanii);
- Hypersensitivity to the drug;
- Children up to twelve years.
Precautions drug is given to people who have had depression in the past, as well as those suffering from diabetes, obesity, alcoholism. Patients with severe renal insufficiency should start taking medications to minimum dosages.
If during treatment with Roaccutane or for one month after the end of pregnancy occurs, there is a very high probability of having a child with severe malformations of the nervous system, heart and major blood vessels. The drug can be assigned to women of childbearing age only in those cases where it is:
- He suffers from a severe form of acne and other treatments do not help;
- Strictly implement all recommendations of the physician;
- Doctor warned of the dangers of becoming pregnant during treatment with Roaccutane and within a month after it;
- Continuously using two different methods of contraception including a barrier;
- Be sure to visit the doctor every month;
- Begin treatment until the second or third day of the normal menstrual cycle;
- Before treatment, perform a pregnancy test, the result of which should be negative. This procedure is to be performed once a month during treatment and five weeks after its completion.
The occurrence of side effects depends on the dose. The most common of them can be headaches, depression, nausea, diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment
, Anemia, pain in muscles and joints, rash, itching, sweating, dry skin and mucous membranes.
Of the drugs that have anti-androgenic effect, prescribe Diane-35 and spironolactone (veroshpiron). If the disease is prolonged, it is recommended to take a patient means that boost the immune system (eg, dekaris), vitamins and minerals.
For topical use in greasy seborrhea appointed alcoholic solutions which comprise resorcinol, salicylic or boric acid or sulfur. When dry seborrhea can be used sulfur-salicylic ointment and cream with vitamin A, E and P.
When acne is necessary to wipe the skin degreasers and disinfectants with antibiotics (tetracycline or erythromycin), sulfur, resorcinol, milk Vidal or retinoic acid.
Zener - is an antibacterial drug that breaks acne plugs in the mouths of the sebaceous glands. It consists of erythromycin and zinc. The first of these stops multiplication of microbes that cause acne and second astringent effect and reduces sebum.
Zinerit applied to the affected skin with a special applicator twice a day: in the morning (before applying make-up) and in the evening after washing. The duration of treatment ranged from ten to twelve weeks.
The drug is contraindicated in case of intolerance of zinc, erythromycin and other macrolides. Side effects, if they occur, are mild and do not require discontinuation of treatment. Man can disturb the skin dryness, irritation and burning sensation at the site of the tool. Avoid getting zinerita the mucous membrane of the eyes, mouth and nose, as it causes irritation and chemical burns.
Dalatsin gel contains in its composition the antibiotic clindamycin. The drug is applied to a thin layer of dry clean skin twice a day. The course of treatment is six to eight weeks and, if necessary, can be extended to six months.
Dalatsin can cause a number of adverse events. Among them are:
- The most common: dry skin;
- Less common: skin irritation, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
, Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, burning sensation in the eyes, inflammation of the hair follicles, increased sebum;
- Very rare: colitis (inflammatory bowel disease).
The drug is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to clindamycin and lincomycin in the past. Avoid getting dalatsina the mucous membrane of the eyes and mouth.
Milk represents Vidal mash that contains sulfur, camphor, glycerol and salicylic acid and boric acid. Sulfur has anti-inflammatory and antiparasitic effects, reduces itching, soften the upper layers of the skin and promotes the formation of normal epidermis. Camphor has a bactericidal effect (kills bacteria), reduces itching and improves blood circulation in the skin. For salicylic and boric acid characteristic exfoliating, astringent and antiseptic effects.
A weak alcohol solution, which is also included in the composition of the milk, leads to normal alkaline balance of the skin and prevents the growth of bacteria on it. This tool is used in the second half of the day, and it is not necessary to wash off.
To combat dandruff shampoos use special. The structure of "Seborina" is klimbazol - antifungal agent. Salicylic acid has antiseptic, allantoin moisturizes the scalp, making hair softer and contributes to the rapid recovery of the epidermis. Chamomile reduces inflammation and has a healing effect.
Nizoral - a drug that contains ketoconazole (a means destroying fungi). For the treatment of seborrhea this drug is used as shampoo and cream. Nizoral is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to it. Side effects are rare in the application. You may see a burning sensation and skin irritation.
Ketoconazole at external use almost does not penetrate the blood. Therefore, cream and shampoo can be administered to pregnant and lactating women.
To prevent the occurrence of seborrhea and acne need to carry out a number of preventive measures. The most important among them:
- Removal of the causes that may lead to the development of the disease;
- Identification of foci of infection in the body;
- Treatment of diseases of the digestive system and the endocrine system;
- Hardening (sponging, bathing, contrast showers and sports);
- Proper nutrition;
- Preventing contamination of the skin at work and at home.
Seborrhea and acne are well treated, but you need to ask for help only to specialists. If the disease is detected in its early stages of development, the therapy will be most effective.