- How to determine your skin type
There are several classifications of skin types, and one of the best known and most widely used distinguishes five main categories: oily, combination / normal, sensitive, dry and aging or sun-damaged skin. In general, the skin type is determined by how much - or how little - the sebaceous glands produce oil in the skin. On the activity of the sebaceous glands influences not only genetic predisposition, but also nutrition, stress level
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Fluctuations in hormonal levels, taking certain medications, and even skin care regimen.
Many experts to determine skin type is recommended to conduct a simple test. To do this, wash and dry face, then take a few pieces of rice paper or napkins, and apply them to different parts of the skin. If you have oily skin
Oily skin: Natural and artificial care
Paper stick, absorb fat and become more transparent. If the paper does not stick and there is absolutely no fat, the skin is dry. Finally, if the grease stains remain on the pieces of paper that you applied to the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) is likely to have combination or normal skin. Most women relates to the combined skin type.
What are the main characteristics of the five types of skin?
One of the most noticeable signs of oily skin - greasy luster, especially on the T-zone. Also, the pores can be increased. Due to the increased activity of the sebaceous glands of oily skin prone to acne and pimples that gives her a lot of trouble to owners. On the other hand, oily skin is less prone to aging, as permanent sebum slows the appearance of wrinkles. Many young women have oily skin, but with age, especially after 35 years, it usually becomes drier.
The skin of this type must be thoroughly cleaned twice a day, using tools specifically designed for oily skin. Twice a week, use a gentle scrub. After cleansing in the morning and evening on face and neck need to apply moisturizer containing no oils.
If skin rashes appear frequently, tonic or lotion to help with astringentami. If you use a tonal framework or bronzer, use the ones that are available in the form of loose or pressed powder - liquid products of this type generally contain butter, and add the skin greasy. As a base also can be used tinted moisturizers in the composition of which no oils.
Combination / normal skin
The majority of women (some experts say that about 70%) - combined, or normal skin. Generally, in some classifications and combination skin types normal skin separated, but in others they are merged into a single class. Do owners of combination skin oily T-zone and drier cheek. Some other parts of the skin can also be drier than the others, but in general the oil produced by the sebaceous glands are distributed evenly over the skin. The pores on the cheeks and nose of medium size, good blood circulation, healthy color, smooth and even skin texture.
When the sebaceous glands in the T-zone is not too active for the entire face can be used for normal skin cosmetics. If you want to reduce the fat content of the zone, use a skincare forehead, nose and chin products astringentami - after you wash his face. To care for combination skin can also use a non-greasy moisturizer, but if you wish you can use two different moisturizers: one - with the fat, the other - without him. A couple of times a week, use a scrub or exfoliation to remove dead skin cells and deep cleanse the pores.
Some women have dry skin since the time of puberty
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But the majority of it becomes so at the age when the first visible signs of aging
. This is probably due to changes in hormonal levels, as well as the influence of environmental factors
. Dry skin is very common feeling of tightness, especially after washing
. Women with early formation of a skin fine wrinkles; skin often peels off, and shows the red spots
. For dry skin should choose the most mild cleansing lotions and creams with high fat
. It should not exfoliate more than once a week, or peeling may be too strong
. For additional moisture before the foundation can be applied primer
. During the day the person is recommended several times to spray thermal water - this is refreshing and provides a good moisture; especially recommended to use the water, if you live in a dry climate, and in winter, when because of the heating indoor air becomes drier
. It is also very useful to use humidifiers - both at home and at work
Sensitive skin is usually thin, delicate with fine pores. If the skin irritation often occurs as a result of exposure to sunlight, after the use of certain cosmetic products, if the skin is prone to redness, itching and flaking is most likely that it refers to the sensitive type.
Find suitable cleansing and moisturizing for sensitive skin can be very difficult. Even though a large assortment of cosmetics for this type of skin, it is necessary to choose very carefully. Buy only the cosmetics that do not contain flavorings - they have sensitive skin
Sensitive skin: causes and care
most often it responds irritably.
Aging or sun-damaged skin
For this type of skin is characterized by a feeling of tightness, prominent wrinkles, dull complexion - especially in the area of the cheeks and jaw line, uneven texture and broken capillaries. To ensure an adequate aging skin care, anti-aging creams use a lifting effect that will make even less visible fine lines. For example, creams with retinoids (especially those whose members are Retin-A) remarkably smooth the skin and evens out tone. Aging skin also needs regular mask, facial massage and a deep but gentle cleansing. Finally, if the wrinkles are very anxious, you can resort to such means as Botox injections and other fillers - these procedures provide only a temporary effect, but do not require a long recovery period, and compared to some other rejuvenating operations are inexpensive.