- Types of worms and the consequences of their occurrence
- Ascaris symptoms
- Roundworm treatment
- Ascaris in children - Treatment
- The consequences of tapeworm infection
- Treatment of tapeworm
- Dangerous parasites
In the human body there may be different types of worms. Some types of intestinal parasites are relatively harmless, while others may cause hazardous to human health or even life-threatening diseases. Depending on the kind of helminth, the symptoms may be different from itching in the anus, diarrhea and nausea to severe abdominal pain
Sharp abdominal pain
, Internal bleeding and damage to internal organs.
Pinworm eggs can enter the body through any infected objects. Typically, carriers of intestinal parasites are children, who are infected with worms from animals, or through dirty toys. For the diagnosis of intestinal parasites that cause itching in the anus, apply a scraping of the skin in the anal area - skin particles examined under a microscope for pinworm eggs.
The main causes of hookworm infection - a direct hit larval worms in the human body or by direct contact with the soil, which contained the larvae of the parasite. One of the most common situations - contact with the ground bare feet. Accepted provide two types of hookworms: ancylostoma duodenale and necator americanus. One of the first signs of hookworm infection - an itchy rash at the site of penetration of the parasites under the skin. After hitting worms in the intestine may occur symptoms such as loss of appetite, diarrhea, abdominal pain, gas. Chronic helminthiasis lead to anemia caused by iron deficiency.
As is the case with hookworm infection strongiloidami often occurs through direct contact with the soil in which the larvae are of worms. Adult worms kind strongyloides stercoralis multiply in the small intestine. The main symptoms of the infection strongiloidami - loss of appetite, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain. In particularly serious cases strongiloidy can cause serious damage to internal organs.
The disease caused by tapeworm - teniasis. There are two main types of tapeworms that cause disease in humans: bovine tapeworm (taenia saginata) and the pork tapeworm (taenia solium). The cause of tapeworm infection often becomes the consumption of raw or undercooked (underdone) meat that contains tapeworm eggs. Parasites attached to the walls of the small intestine and produce proglottids - individual body segments of tapeworms, that contain the eggs of parasites. Proglottids break away from the worm's body and leave the body in feces, eventually contaminating the soil. As a result of tapeworm eggs together with the food into the body of livestock.
Toksokariaz - zoonotic disease (disease transmitted from animals to humans) caused by worms kind toxocara. Carriers of the disease usually appear pets - cats and dogs (parasites leave the body in the feces of animals). Hatched larvae of parasites provoke one of two diseases: cutaneous or visceral form of the syndrome larva migrans (so-called "syndrome larva migrans"). In the first case, the larvae of the parasite can get into your eyes and cause serious vision problems. In the case of visceral larva migrans syndrome, a form of parasite larvae cause damage to internal organs.
Trichinella spiralis (Trichinella) - a class of parasitic roundworms, the causative agent of trichinosis. The main reason for this kind of infection of worms - raw or neprozharennoe (undercooked) poultry or livestock (most often - pork). Getting in the human body, the larvae penetrate into the small intestine and develop into adult worms. Adults lay new eggs hatched from larvae that move through the body, causing pain in the abdomen
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
, Muscles and joints.
Trihotsefal (whipworm) - one of the most common classes of intestinal parasites. Helminth eggs remain in the small intestine, and the larvae hatched from the eggs of the parasites develop into adults in the colon. In the most serious cases of infestation leads to anemia, bloody diarrhea and stunted growth.
Helminthiasis, which causes the parasite, called hydatid disease. The larva is a two-layer bubble. Man and herbivores are intermediate, and domestic dogs, wolves and some other animals - the definitive hosts and sources of contamination.
If a person is in contact with dogs and sheep for wool which are helminth eggs, or eat fruit, raw vegetables or other products with parasites, it may be ill. In the stomach and intestines from eggs released larvae which fall within the liver. In this part of their body is delayed, and the others entered the blood to the brain, lungs, heart or kidneys. Bubbles gradually grow and compress the surrounding tissue.
The first signs of the disease appear several years after infection. In rare cases, rash, and periodically increased body temperature.
When echinococcosis liver decreased appetite, the patient loses weight, there are pains in the abdomen, and the person feels a sense of pressure and heaviness in the right upper quadrant
Heaviness in the right upper quadrant - require examination
or in the stomach. It is also characterized by nausea and vomiting. Bubbles can fester and provoke the development of liver abscess. When they burst, the allergic reactions occur (up to the shock). Sometimes the cyst compress major blood vessels and bile ducts.
Cat fluke (cat or Siberian fluke)
The parasite is called helminthiasis opistorhoz disease (Vinogradov). Definitive hosts and sources of contamination may be people, cats, foxes, dogs, foxes, which are excreted in the feces of helminth eggs. Worms have intermediate (freshwater mussels) and additional host (carp fish).
Opisthorchiasis person becomes ill after eating raw or salted fish slaboprovyalennoy, which contains the live larvae of the parasite. They are released in the small intestine and membranes from a few hours to reach the bile ducts within the liver and pancreatic duct. There's two weeks they become mature and start to allocate individual eggs.
Worms and their metabolic products on the human body have a toxic effect and cause allergic reactions. The parasites damage the bile ducts, disrupting the operation of the stomach and duodenum.
After infection, the body temperature rises, rash, diarrhea and pain in the liver. In the later stages of the disease disturbed sleep
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, There are headaches, are also characterized by pale or yellow skin or mucous membranes.
For the prevention of helminthiasis is required to carry out the thermal treatment of raw fish and meat before eating them. It is not recommended to swim in ponds, which are located next to the pasture of animals. It is also important to be screened regularly to detect the disease early and avoid the development of serious complications.