Fallopian tubes: an important part of the reproductive system

December 8, 2011

 Fallopian tubes
 Probably, there is a small percentage of women who have heard and know about such terms as the fallopian tubes. In fact, everything is simple and there is no secret. Fallopian tubes - a Fallopian tube. They play a very important role in the fertility of women, and it depends on their condition, fertilization occurs and if there is, how. Also, the fallopian tubes, like all organs of the human body are susceptible to various diseases.


A little anatomy

Fallopian, she fallopian tube or oviduct, a pair duct through which the egg with the surface of the ovary after ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?  Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
   enters the uterus .  Each tube is surrounded by a fold of peritoneum, provided the upper part of a broad uterine ligament .  Pipe length averages 10-12 centimeters, and the right pipe is usually slightly longer than the left .  The nearest station to the uterus for 1-2 centimeters a horizontal direction, and then, having reached the pelvic wall, the tube surrounds the ovary, is close to him in contact .  In the fallopian tube are four sections: the uterine part, isthmus ampullar department and funnel .  The mother department concluded in the uterine wall, then he turns into a uniformly tapered department - Isthmus, with a diameter of 2-3 mm .  The following ampullar department, which occupies nearly half the length of the tube, which ends a funnel - the widest part of the tube .  The edges of the crater have numerous irregularly shaped appendages - fimbriae .  The longest stretches in the fringe to the fold of the peritoneum to the ovary .  At the top of the funnel is circular hole through which the released egg enters the vial tubes .  Thus, the fallopian tubes provide the connection of the uterine cavity with the abdominal cavity .


The structure of the tube wall

Immediately beneath the abdominal (serous) is a connective tissue sheath, which are blood vessels and nerves. Next is the muscular layer consisting of two layers. The mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the pipe is covered with ciliated epithelium, the cilia which chased the egg toward the uterus.


Physiology of the fallopian tubes

The fallopian tubes provide two important functions: a meeting of sperm and egg (fertilization) and entering the fertilized or unfertilized egg into the uterus. If conception has occurred, the fertilized egg is implanted in the uterine lining. In the absence of conception Conception, ovarian cycle, fertilization and genetics of a child  Conception, ovarian cycle, fertilization and genetics of a child
   in contact with the egg into the uterus dies and then evacuated with the menstrual blood. For the successful penetration of the egg from the abdomen into the uterus Fallopian tubes are actively peristaltiruyut (reduced). Active peristalsis tubes increases the time of ovulation and the beginning of the second phase of the menstrual cycle Menstrual cycle and its characteristics  Menstrual cycle and its characteristics
 . During the release of the egg from the ovary vein funnel and bahromok with blood, which provides the voltage funnel and as close an approximation to the ovary bahromok (for hitting the egg in the fallopian tube lumen). Also in the fallopian tubes contain a small amount of secretion, which is composed of biologically active substances. Due to these substances increases the ability of sperm to fertilize.


Research methods of the fallopian tubes

To study of tubal patency and detect disease, the following methods:

  • gynecological examination (palpation in the case of inflammation are found dense and painful cords);
  • Ultrasound of the uterus and fallopian tubes;
  • metrosalpingography (definition of tubal patency by introducing into the uterus of contrast agent);
  • pertubatsiya pipes (blowing);
  • laparoscopy.


Diseases of the fallopian tubes

The most common inflammation of the fallopian tubes - salpingitis. The infection gets into the lumen of the tube from the uterus or vagina, but it is possible and hematogenous transmission. When accumulation of fluid in the fallopian tube develops hydrosalpinx, if there is pus in it say piosalpinks. It is also possible adhesion formation within the lumen of the tube and around the pipe (outside). Adhesions lead to blockage of pipes, and, consequently, infertility The causes of infertility - heredity and lifestyle  The causes of infertility - heredity and lifestyle
 . Tumours of the fallopian tubes are extremely rare.

Anna Sozinova

Trichopolum thrush - you will be disappointed

March 25, 2012

 Trichopolum thrush
 Trichopolum - a drug that has a fairly broad spectrum of activity, sensitivity to show how simple, and some bacteria, but pathogenic fungi (including genus Candida, causing thrush) to Trichopolum insensitive.

 Trichopolum thrush - you will be disappointed

What is yeast and how it manifests itself

Thrush - a fungal infection of the mucous membranes of the external genitalia and vagina which is caused by the yeast genus Candida. These fungi are part of the pathogenic microflora and are permanent inhabitants of the genital tract of women and men. However, when normal immunity they do not cause the disease.

But with lowered immunity or the suppression of vital activity of the normal microflora of the genital organs (mainly lactic acid bacteria that create an uncomfortable environment for the propagation of fungi and inhibit the reproduction of fungi) of the genus Candida fungi begin to multiply rapidly, which leads to the development of thrush.

Thrush appears as white cheesy raids on reddened and edematous mucosa genitals. At the beginning of the disease attacks are easy to remove, but over time it can grow, merge together and become difficult to separate from the mucous membrane of the film. All these phenomena are accompanied by severe burning and itching.

 Trichopolum thrush - you will be disappointed

How does Trichopolum

Trichopolum - it antiprotozoal drug sensitivity which is manifested and some bacteria that live in the genital tract and cause infectious-inflammatory processes. Any mushrooms to Trichopolum insensitive.

Trichopolum appointed trichomoniasis, amebiasis, giardiasis, bacterial vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis - sex is not recommended  Bacterial vaginosis - sex is not recommended
   (bacterial vaginosis), as well as infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, kidney and urinary tract caused by susceptible pathogens Trichopolum infection.

 Trichopolum thrush - you will be disappointed

Is it possible to assign Trichopolum thrush

Trichopolum thrush is not effective. Moreover, Trichopolum Trichopolum - he treats?  Trichopolum - he treats?
   It contributes to the suppression of immunity, as one of its side effects is a decrease in the number of leukocytes in the blood. It is the white blood cells are the basis of immunity, and it leads to a decrease in proliferation of fungi genus Candida. Therefore, when thrush Trichopolum not appointed.

But especially genital infection is that in this area often develop mixed infections. So, trichomoniasis is often associated with thrush. A bacterial vaginosis (vaginosis) in most cases is due to a decrease of immunity, as well as yeast, however they are also a cause and often combined.

When mixed infections, when one of the agents is sensitive to Trichopolum assigned combination therapy - Trichopolum in combination with antifungal drugs. Also, be sure appointed restorative treatment that enhances the body's defenses - without this thrush will return again and again.

Often thrush occurs on the background of the use of antibiotics in infectious and inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract. In this case also applies Trichopolum if to it are sensitive infectious agents. Trichopolum much less suppresses the natural microflora of the vagina The microflora of the vagina: purity  The microflora of the vagina: purity
 Than antibiotics in combination with antifungal medications helps to suppress the mixed infection.

Trichopolum in combination with amoxicillin are often prescribed for stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, which can lead to intestinal candidiasis and dissemination of fungi of the genus Candida on the mucous membranes of the genital tract. In this case, as in the comprehensive treatment of the patient and will Trichopolum and antifungal drugs.

Finally, in some cases Trichopolum appointed to cavitary gynecological surgery for preventing surgical infections. And as during the operation there is a weakening of the body and reduced immunity, it often leads to the development of thrush. And in this case Trichopolum also have to be combined with antifungal drugs.

Such frequent combination of bacterial and fungal infections Fungal infection: to prevent and defeat  Fungal infection: to prevent and defeat
   in the genital area, obviously, and introduces many patients misleading: they believe that the yeast can be cured Trichopolum, whereas this is not so.

 Trichopolum thrush - you will be disappointed

Side effects

Trichopolum - a drug that can be administered only by a physician. With good tolerability of this drug may produce a number of side effects on the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, blood, allergic reactions and so on. Furthermore, it can reduce the overall and local immunity and promote proliferation of colonies of fungi Candida genus.

Galina Romanenko

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