Endometrial Polyps are common at any age, but at different ages polyps have a different structure and different manifestations. It integrates all types of polyps that need to identify them as early as possible, since they may eventually develop into a malignant tumor.
Symptoms of endometrial polyps in the background of hormonal disorders
In adolescence, commonly found glandular polyps develop on the background of hormonal disorders. This often occurs when such hormonal disorders
Hormonal disorders - oversupply and a lack of equally dangerous
As atresia of the follicle. The follicle matures for a long time and not completely, remaining in the ovary (ovulation does not occur). In the walls of the follicle long waves produced and released into the blood of a small amount of estrogen. Progesterone is not produced at all or is produced in small quantities insufficient to complete the second phase of the menstrual cycle.
The gradual reduction, increased excretion of estrogen leads to a significant widening of the then uneven detachment of the mucous membrane of the uterus, in some areas it is not rejected completely, forming small growths (diffuse and focal hyperplasia of the endometrium
Hyperplasia endometrial cancer - requires timely detection and treatment
uterus). Against the background of focal hyperplasia
Hyperplasia - do not be afraid
It may form a polyp, which grows from the basal layer of the mucosa, consisting of connective tissue, but its fabric consists essentially of glandular tissue the surface layer of the endometrium.
Prolonged and uneven rejection mucosa accompanied by a disturbance of blood circulation in this area necrosis (dying off) of the individual portions of the mucosa and prolonged menstrual bleeding. Sometimes the bleeding can be so severe that the girls require emergency medical care.
Before bleeding is usually a delay of menstruation. Sometimes acyclic bleeding delayed menstruation alternate with shorter menstrual cycle, which also ends with a significant bleeding.
Bleeding beginning after a long delay menstruation, can be long and not very long, but intense. In any case, this leads to the development of iron deficiency anemia, and bleeding at this age are often very strong, anemia develops rapidly. These girls are also often lag behind in physical development, including their delayed development of secondary sexual characteristics.
Symptoms of endometrial polyps without hormonal disorders
In women of childbearing age, and after 40-50 years in the womb may develop polyps and others - without hormonal disorders. The final reason for the formation of polyps is not clear, but is believed to have a value of inflammation and injury of genitals, as well as a variety of intoxication.
As a result, the mucosa of the uterine cavity from the basal layer (it is adjacent to the muscle layer of the uterine wall and composed of fibers of the connective tissue) formation starts to grow, as part of which may be cancer, but they are fewer than connective tissue. Polyp grows, has a round or oval shape and leg, through which pass the polyp tissue blood vessels. Polyps can be single, multiple, very small and large, occupying the entire uterine cavity, and even protruding from the external os.
Small polyps may not manifest itself in any way, without disturbing the menstrual cycle. For larger polyps are characterized by pre- and postmenstrual spotting and intermenstrual bleeding and heavy blood loss during menstruation. Sometimes, significant bleeding may start a few days after menstruation. In some cases, spotting
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
interspersed with copious not bloody character. When endometrial polyps woman may experience discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse, then she may have spotting.
Large polyps, a few centimeters in diameter, and are usually accompanied by significant menstrual and intermenstrual bleeding, which intensified during the so-called nascent polyp. Thus a gradual increase polyp begin as uterine contractions during labor and disclosing its hole, whereby the polyp like you pushed into the vagina. Leg nascent polyp is pulled, squeezing it in passing vessels causes poor circulation and tissue necrosis polyp. All this is accompanied by severe cramping pain in the lower abdomen and bleeding. When necrosis of a large polyp women need emergency assistance.
Every woman should be twice a year to visit a gynecologist for the detection and timely treatment of gynecological diseases, including endometrial polyps.