Endometriosis of the uterus - is a chronic disease that even after properly conducted comprehensive treatment can produce relapses. This disease can not but cause a variety of complications, such as the reproductive system of women and the whole body.
The danger first - the development of infertility
Infertility in endometriosis cancer develops mainly due to hormonal imbalance: the large number of female hormones estrogen disrupts ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
(anovulatory cycle) or developing phase secretion of the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrium), which carries out the impossibility of implementation of the embryo in the uterine wall.
In addition, endometriosis, uterine endometriosis is often complicated by the fallopian tubes, making impassable fallopian tubes for the egg. This results or tubal infertility, or to the development of an ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.
Risk of second - cancer
It is found that endometriosis any body increases the risk of cancer, as it increases the inclination of the organism to develop hyperplastic (with an increase in the volume of tissue) and tumor (with the appearance of atypical cells of undifferentiated tissue) processes.
In addition, the centers themselves and the proliferation of endometrium into the depths of her muscular layer can malignant - degenerate into a malignant tumor. This can happen in young age when expressed hormonal disorders, as well as in the elderly, while reducing the amount of estrogen in the blood.
Danger third - germination of endometriosis through the wall of the uterus
Endometriosis has the ability to grow into the tissue, penetrating through them. When he grows the muscle membrane serosa and can go on the bladder and the abdominal organs, affecting, for example, the intestinal wall. During germination of the entire thickness of the bowel wall of the anus mucus and blood, the patient has severe cramping abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
Gases do not depart, delayed chair, appear nausea and vomiting - symptoms of intestinal obstruction.
If perforation of the intestinal wall may develop peritonitis - a severe infection throughout the abdomen. If you would still be able to cope with peritonitis may be a significant growth of endometriosis in the intestinal wall, germination hotbeds of connective tissue with the development of severe resistant stenosis (narrowing of the lumen) of the intestine from the partial or total disruption of its terrain.
Germination of abnormal tissue in the wall of the bladder and ureters can cause a violation of excretion of urine, leading to severe disorders of the kidneys. In endometriosis bladder during menstruation celebrated frequent, painful urination, the propagation of the lumen of the bladder - the appearance of blood in the urine. If the wall of the ureter is affected, its previous segment of the renal pelvis and expanding steadily, resulting in a gradual decline in kidney function.
Danger Four - spread endometriosis to distant organs and tissues
The cells are abnormal tissue can be distributed while any organs and tissues through the blood and lymph vessels. This can have very serious consequences, since the tissue surrounding endometriosis appear edema, hemorrhage, inflammation and proliferation of connective tissue, i.e. unrecoverable irregularities.
Thus, in endometriosis lung appears hemoptysis occurring during menstruation. When the lesions in the pleura and diaphragm - pneumothorax
Pneumothorax - when help is needed immediately
and hemothorax - the accumulation of air and blood between the pleura.
Often there are also neurological disorders, such as lesions of the pelvic plexus (pelvic plexitis), the defeat of the femoral and sciatic nerves and stuff. These lesions are characterized by exacerbations during menstruation.
It may also spread endometriosis post-operative scars and navel. This is manifested by pain and bloody discharge
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
of them during menstruation, as well as the formation of painful knots, over which the skin becomes purplish-blue or brown.
How to avoid the complications of endometriosis
To do this right away, as soon as any specific violations, seek medical advice. Comprehensive treatment of internal (uterus and fallopian tubes), endometriosis prevent it from spreading to the rest of the genitals and other organs and body systems. It should also be regularly (twice a year) visits to the gynecologist.
Delay in treatment to the gynecologist in this case is fraught with the spread of endometriosis on your body with a decrease in the function of the affected organs.