- Inflammation of the ovaries - the invisible disease
- Folk remedies
Features of the disease
Inflammation of the ovaries can flow continuously and imperceptibly, causing constant discomfort and infertility. That is why women, especially of child-bearing age must undergo preventive checkups at the gynecologist at least twice a year. And with the appearance of any infection of the genitourinary system is categorically counter self-medication, as the infection can hide and move slowly from the bottom up, capturing new territory.
Inflammation of the ovaries (oophoritis) is rarely independent, it is often combined with inflammation of the fallopian tubes (salpingitis) and is called salpingo or adnexitis.
The disease is usually caused by an infection in conjunction with the violation of the body's defenses. The most common causative agents of disease are staphylococci, streptococci, gonococci, Escherichia coli and tuberculosis. Different pathogens are peculiar to different pathways. So, gonococcus, often falls into the ovarian tissue upward path of external genitalia. Staphylococcus aureus and tubercle bacillus spread primarily through the blood. In mechanical injury of the womb (abortion, birth) infection may also spread to surrounding tissues and organs.
Factors contributing to the spread of infection, are various causes low immunity: hypothermia, stress, menstrual disorders and so on.
Sometimes adnexitis may be caused by non-infectious causes, for example chemical (alcohol, iodine, etc.) introduced into the uterine cavity.
How is an acute inflammation of the ovaries
The symptoms depend on the causative microbe and the general condition of the body. When ascending infection (eg, gonorrhea) in the acute phase patients concerned about severe pain in the abdomen and sacrum, the temperature may rise to high numbers, there is a heartbeat.
Menstrual function is usually not broken, but sometimes menstruation may disappear or, on the contrary, be very abundant. There is a delay of stool and gas, frequent painful urination. If the infection does not go beyond the ovaries, the general state can not suffer.
Inflammation of the ovaries may be complicated adnexitis, then abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
amplified, the temperature becomes higher. If purulent inflammation, the abscess can break into the pelvic cavity and cause the phenomenon of peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum - the inner membrane lining the abdominal cavity). Ulcer can also be opened in different parts of the colon.
Chronic inflammation of the ovaries
In the absence of adequate treatment for acute inflammation of the ovaries subsides after 1-2 weeks and becomes sluggish chronic. Sometimes the process is chronically initially. In recent years, such a flow becomes more and more frequent because of the irrational and uncontrolled use of antibiotics. Under the influence of various factors (hypothermia, stress, exercise, etc.) are observed transient exacerbation, with the infectious agent to identify it is very difficult: it is often the inflammatory fluid does not contain microorganisms.
How is the correct diagnosis
To clarify the diagnosis carried out laboratory research secretions from the cervix (the microscope and culture to culture media to identify the pathogen and its sensitivity to antibiotics), ultrasound examination of the uterus and its appendages.
In chronic processes, this is not enough, then held hysterosalpingography
Hysterosalpingography - effective examination of the uterus
- X-ray and hysterosalpingoscopy - enoskopicheskoe (through optical devices) examination of the uterus and appendages. Sometimes this is not enough, and then carried out a diagnostic laparoscopy: through a small incision in the abdomen into the peritoneal cavity and introduced optical equipment specified condition of the ovaries. Diagnostic laparoscopy is performed in chronic inflammation of the ovaries in women
Inflammation of the ovaries in women - a danger to the body
infertility, pain, ineffective after prolonged treatment with antibiotics, and so on.
Treatment depends on the stage of disease and pathogen. Acute processes are treated after laboratory research and determine the sensitivity of pathogen to antibiotics. Appointed by broad-spectrum antibiotics
Broad-spectrum antibiotics - not only treat but also cripple
and restorative treatment.
Treat chronic inflammation of the ovaries is more difficult. After a thorough examination and further diagnosis is carried inflammatory (antibiotics are appointed not always), restorative treatment (including by means of immunomodulators - drugs, reducing the individual links of immunity), the restoration of the disturbed functions of sexual organs and secondary arising disorders of the nervous, endocrine and other body systems . Showing physiotherapy and spa treatment.
To restore tubal patency surgical treatment (including by means of laparoscopic surgery with a small incision and using special equipment).
Prevention of inflammation of the ovaries - a warning of entering pathogens abortion, childbirth and diagnostic studies. In addition, great importance is respect for sexual health: infections, sexually transmitted diseases, almost all can cause inflammation of the ovaries.