- Polyps in the uterus - the result of hormonal disorders
Symptoms of polyps in the uterus
Uterine polyps are small in size not exceeding a few centimeters - in terms of the size of the polyps in the uterus much less other entities (such as fibroids) in the womb. Since uterine polyps are generally small in size, they often cause no symptoms - and the more difficult it becomes their diagnosis.
The appearance of the symptoms of polyps in the uterus is usually associated with the growth of polyps that violate the normal functioning of the body and cause abnormal bleeding. The main symptom of polyps in the uterus - vaginal bleeding: it can be as abundant, prolonged vaginal bleeding in menstrual periods (menorrhagia), and abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods. Sometimes the growth of polyps in the uterus leads to a slight, smearing bleeding after intercourse. In addition, polyp growth in the uterus could disrupt the menstrual cycle - one of the symptoms of uterine polyps then become irregular, different duration menstrual periods.
Symptoms of polyps caused by irritation to the surrounding tissue - as a result of friction and gravity polyp tissue structure is broken, exposed the small blood vessels that bleed, leading to abnormal vaginal bleeding.
In some cases, one of the symptoms of polyps in the uterus becomes infertility caused by the fact that polyps, growing in the mucous membrane of the uterus, impede the process of attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterus.
The main symptoms
The main symptoms of polyps in the uterus include:
- Irregular menstrual bleeding, ranging in length and profusion
- Slight or excessive vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods
- The inability to conceive a child
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
The most common symptom of polyps, which the woman says in the first place - it is abnormal vaginal bleeding, which can occur in the following cases:
- Between menstrual periods
- After menopause
- After intercourse
- After douching or cleaning the
In rare cases, typically when inflammation or infection, polyps, grows into a cavity or cervix can cause abnormal vaginal discharge
Vaginal discharge: normal or disease?
Usually with yellowish or white mucus.
Features of the hormonal status
Features of clinical manifestations of polyps in the uterine cavity defined by the presence of hormonal disorders. It has also influenced the development of pathological changes of the pelvic organs. Polyps in the uterus symptoms may be absent, so the main value in this case is attached to instrumental methods of diagnosis. The most common clinical picture is dominated by manifestations associated with changes in a woman's menstrual function.
The menstrual cycle is influenced by sex hormones, so the impact of damaging factors may cause disorders of hormonal activity.
Glandular and glandular-fibrous polyps are detected against the background of hyperplasia of endometrium, which is associated with dyshormonal problems. These pathological processes are manifested by the following symptoms:
- bleeding from the genital tract, not associated with menstruation. By the nature of these emissions can be called spotting, they are not abundant, and there are scarce in the period before the onset of menses or at mid-cycle
- infertility due to hormonal reasons (for anovulatory menstrual cycle)
Most often the first manifestation of endometrial polyps is a pathological secretions. After completion of the menstrual discharge from the genital tract through a renewed short period of time and continue for a long time during the second phase. Sometimes patients say that they can not be called the length of their cycle as "spotting" becomes permanent.
There may be other clinical situation at polyps, for example, the development of metrorrhagia. Bleeding from the genital tract are so abundant that require urgent surgical intervention or diagnostic curettage
Scraping - heavy and unsafe procedure
. Symptomatic therapy (reducing, hemostatic agents) will not be effective, since the cause of bleeding is an overgrowth of the endometrium. If the bleeding is profuse, that there are signs of blood loss in the form of pale skin, general weakness, malaise.
At long spotting anemia has been developing due to chronic blood loss. Such long-term blood loss affects the state of the coagulation system, so it can cause the development of chronic DIC syndrome. In this regard, special attention should be paid to the study of the status indicators hemostasiogram when examining patients with polyps in the uterus.
The problem of infertility due to anovulation
One of the complaints in the polyps can be sterility, which develops as a result of hormonal disorders, which are expressed in the presence of anovulation
Anovulation - the cause of infertility?
. Sex hormones are produced without cyclical fluctuations throughout the cycle.
In some instances infertility may be the sole manifestation of polyps in the uterus. A woman goes to a doctor with complaints of violations do not cycle, and the lack of long-awaited pregnancy.
Only in the course of the survey can not identify the cause, which is the pathological condition of the endometrium. Anovulation naturally leads to changes in the structure of the ovaries. This can lead to the formation of polycystic ovaries (changes are secondary).
Note the condition of the skin, a possible change in the degree of body hair. The emergence girsutnogo syndrome is a sign of hormonal dysfunction of the ovaries during their polycystic. Hormone levels affect the state of the skin, so when there is excessive production of excessive amounts of sebum. The skin is formed acne
Acne: facial trouble
Which can cause quite serious cosmetic problem for women.
It is very important to pay attention to any symptoms of hormonal activity, especially in the case of asymptomatic hyperplastic processes in the uterus. To confirm or exclude the presence of a pathological condition of the endometrium only after appropriate examination hormonal and instrumental examination.