Ultrasound uterus and appendages - accurate diagnosis

August 19, 2014

 Ultrasound uterus and appendages
 Ultrasound uterus and appendages obstetricians is prescribed for accurate diagnosis and determine the duration of pregnancy, as well as for suspected diseases such as cysts, tumors of the uterus, endometriosis, uterus and its appendages, and others. Menstrual irregularities, infertility are also indications for ultrasound.


Types of ultrasound of the uterus and appendages

Ultrasound - ultrasound is used to detect pathological changes in individual organs and systems using remote ultrasonic methods. The method is based on the principle of echolocation - the emission of ultrasonic probing and receiving signals reflected from the surface of the section of tissue media with different acoustic properties.

To investigate the uterus and its appendages used transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound.



Transabdominalnooe ultrasound of the uterus and appendages requires filling the bladder. It's enough to drink 4-5 glasses of boiled water at room temperature and wait for about 40-60 minutes. The sensor with the slides on the front surface of the abdomen.

Ultrasound uterus and appendages transvaginally carried out with an empty bladder, so it is made after transabdominal and after the woman to help. A study carried out by special vaginal probe, which is inserted into the vagina.

For ultrasound of the uterus and appendages it has a value and the phase of the menstrual cycle.

The most suitable time for study is considered the first 7-10 days of the menstrual cycle (the first day of the menstrual cycle The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases  The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
   - This is the first day of menstruation). At various pathologies are sometimes required to conduct several studies for one menstrual cycle. In this case, a second study carried out for 14-16 days, and the third - 22-24 days.

To investigate uterine wall ultrasound is best done at the beginning of the menstrual cycle, since at this time the mucosa (endometrium) is sufficiently thin and does not hide the defects.


Ultrasound uterus and appendages - the norm

Normally, the uterus is pear-shaped in the longitudinal scans and ovoidnuyu - on the cross. It is located in the center of the pelvis. The dimensions of the body of the uterus in women of fertile (childbearing age) on average are: length - 52 mm thickness - 38 mm, width - 51 mm. The length of the uterus is 20-35 mm. The structure of the walls of the uterus uniform thickness and structure endometrial undergo significant changes during the menstrual cycle.

The ovaries are located in the periphery of the lower projection of the front surface of the stomach, have an oval shape, the average echogenicity approximate dimensions 30 × 25 × 15 mm and characteristic structureless inclusion representing follicles. During the menstrual cycle ovarian appearance can be varied by in the first phase of maturation of multiple follicles cycle, then selection of the dominant follicle and ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?  Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
   followed by the formation on the ground burst follicle corpus luteum.

In the second phase of the menstrual cycle ovarian follicular cysts can occur which usually disappear by the end of the cycle.


Ultrasound uterus and appendages - pathology

Holding ultrasound of the uterus and appendages may reveal different volumetric education.

For example, cysts look like round or oval-shaped structures with a smooth surface that does not give echo. Endometrial polyps (growths of the mucous membrane of the uterus) can be seen on ultrasound in small irregular growths and thickening of the endometrium.

Tumors, especially small size, provide images of various acoustic density of round or oval in shape, but with uneven contours. For large size of the tumor (eg, for uterine) there is an increase in the sonogram and the deformation of the wall of the uterus. Uterine cancer manifests itself in the US in the form of a tumor with irregular edges (it is difficult to distinguish from fibroids).

In endometriosis Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences  Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences
   in the wall of the uterus can be seen sections of irregular shapes - cavity, foci of necrosis or hemorrhage. However, ultrasound of the uterus is not an accurate method of diagnosing endometriosis.

In the US, you can see the anomalies of the uterus - hypoplasia Hypoplasia - a congenital malformation of the fetus  Hypoplasia - a congenital malformation of the fetus
   (hypoplasia), two-horned double, saddle-shaped uterus.

On examination of the ovaries can detect ovarian cysts, polycystic ovary syndrome, and benign and malignant tumors. In the study of the fallopian tubes can see their thickening characteristic of long flowing inflammatory process, as well as tumors. During the research point location, the size and structure of the tumor.

Ultrasound uterus and appendages, or suspect reveals a large amount of obstetric and gynecological pathology. Based on the conclusion of ultrasound, the doctor will develop a plan for further examination of the woman.

Galina Romanenko

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Chronic yeast infection - how to win illness

August 25, 2012

 chronic thrush
 It is difficult to find among the female population of the woman who would not face the problem of thrush. The most common forms of chronic or recurrent, affecting the quality of life of the patient. Such form of the disease is quite difficult to treat and require long-term therapy. In this situation, a woman should gain strength and patience to recovered.

 Chronic yeast infection - how to win illness

As manifested chronic thrush

Direct agent of vaginal candidiasis lesions are mushrooms. They are represented by different species, among them most of the disease causing fungi genus Candida. Recently there has been an increase in the frequency of clinical cases caused by other types of fungi (they are called non-albicans). This should be taken into account in the appointment of antimycotic therapy. In most cases, it is this fungal flora leads to a chronic, relapsing forms of thrush.

The woman has chronic thrush manifests the following characteristic symptoms:

  • color change, texture, odor, vaginal secretions Vaginal discharge: normal or disease?  Vaginal discharge: normal or disease?
 . Isolation becomes larger, they acquire a distinctive kind of cheesy and specific sour smell
  • complaints of discomfort, burning, itching in the genital area outside
  • with long-term course of the disease may experience pain during sexual intercourse

For more chronic forms of yeast characterized by the absence of clinical symptoms bright. Only with the appearance of marked exacerbation of complaints characteristic of acute inflammation.

 Chronic yeast infection - how to win illness

Conditions for an effective therapy

If thrush is severe enough to hold a short course of therapy for a week or ten days, in the case of the chronic form of this tactic is not allowed. Treatment should be comprehensive and include not only local, but also the overall, systemic antifungal therapy.

With a view to local effects on the pathogen administered candles with antifungal activity, but for a longer time (up to two weeks). Must be assigned with systemic drug exposure. For this purpose can be advised to take three days itraconazole tablet in a daily dose of 400 mg. In the future, this drug should be used as a prevention of exacerbation of yeast for six months. On the first day of the next menstrual period women should take 200 mg of itraconazole, which will be sufficiently effective preventive dose. Control of the treatment for chronic thrush held for three menstrual cycles Menstrual cycle and its characteristics  Menstrual cycle and its characteristics
 . If the yeast infection in women has acquired a chronic course, it is necessary to conduct bacteriological test selection with seeding.

After the treatment the woman is required to comply with preventive recommendations, compliance with which reduces the risk of exacerbation. Such preventive recommendations are not only hygienic measures, and diet. It contributes to the growth of fungi foods containing large amounts of carbohydrates. It is important to eliminate from your diet or minimize consumption of sweets, pastries, baked goods. Meals should be varied and fortified. If a woman has any concomitant illnesses (from the intestinal, urinary, endocrine system), it is necessary to carry out the appropriate course of treatment after a survey from specialized professionals.

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  • thrush