Despite the fact that Aevitum vitamin preparation is complex, it relates to drugs which dose used is very important: insufficient dose will be inefficient and too much can cause acute or chronic poisoning. As the risk of overdose of vitamin A and E.
Standard dosage Aevitum
If hypovitaminosis, some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, biliary tract and pancreas
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commonly used standard dosage Aevitum. It is administered one, two capsules three times a day orally, regardless of the meal. Treatment may continue depending on the daily dose of from 10 days to four to six weeks. Repeat these courses no more than three months and only when indicated. Usually treatments are carried out twice a year. But the doctor has the right to designate a course of treatment depending on the patient and the severity of his symptoms and E. Vitamin A deficiency
When eye disease treatments can be very different. So, if the purpose of Aevitum associated with vascular problems, prescribe standard treatments. But in case of the exchange, especially hereditary eye diseases in which a deficiency of vitamin A plays a major role are assigned individually chosen treatments Aevitum, which is often combined intramuscular administration of the drug followed by administration of capsules inside. Dosages and duration of the application depends on the diagnosis and the patient's general condition.
When the disease of the peripheral blood vessels and tissue malnutrition Aevitum dose most commonly used standard, as the vitamins in this case are not the main cause of the disease, but contribute to the overall improvement of the tissue.
Acute overdose of vitamin A
Vitamin A in high doses is toxic enough drug. Therefore Aevitum in which vitamin A is present in a dose many times the prevention, should be administered only by a physician.
Six hours after taking an overdose of the drug (for some it may even be two capsules Aevitum) may be signs of an acute overdose. This is manifested in irritable weakness, general malaise, all the time you want to sleep, severe headache associated with dizziness, nausea and vomiting. Sometimes, instead of the weakness it appears motor and mental agitation, confusion. There are also dry mouth, which leads to the appearance of cracks on the lips, sores in the mouth and bleeding gums
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. Peel off the skin, especially around the lips, palms and soles.
Very often there are signs of an overdose on the background of kidney disease in violation of their functions, as well as on the background of heart failure. When these symptoms should immediately stop taking the drug and seek medical care.
Chronic vitamin A toxicity
Recently, some women are beginning to take their own Aevitum to improve the condition of the skin, with its long-term use. This can lead to chronic poisoning (intoxication) with vitamin A.
The main signs of chronic poisoning in vitamin A are: a complete lack of appetite, pain in hands and feet, dry skin, cracked lips and perleches, dryness and ulceration of the mucous membrane of the mouth, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting. It may turn up the heat, there is a weakness, lethargy, irritability
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, Malaise, headache, sensitivity to light, frequent urination abundant (especially at night), hair loss, seizures.
On the palms and soles in some patients may appear orange spots in the same color can be painted nasolabial triangle. It is a sign of liver dysfunction. Patients suffering from gallstone disease, there may be signs of liver colic.
Furthermore, chronic toxicity of vitamin A increased intraocular pressure, women may be disturbed menstrual cycle to decrease the duration of menstruation and thus loss of blood. In the blood, reducing the amount of red blood cells due to their destruction (hemolytic anemia), you can see the changes on X-ray of the bones in the form of bone loss due to leaching of calcium from them. In pregnant women, the formation of fetal anomalies, most often formed urinary tract malformations and growth retardation.
Chronic vitamin A intoxication requires medical attention, and sometimes - in the hospital.
Overdose of vitamin E
Possible overdose and vitamin E if Aevitum
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taken for a long time at high doses. This can lead to abnormalities in visual acuity (which becomes blurred), dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, weakness. In more severe intoxication occur bleeding, including bleeding in the retina, a hemorrhagic stroke (if there is not enough vitamin K), disorders of the thyroid and the sex glands, inflammation of the walls of veins with the formation of blood clots, severe walls of the colon, the liver and kidney.
Aevitum should be administered only by a physician, as an overdose of the drug can be life-threatening.