Sophora japonica - is a deciduous tree of the legume family, which reaches 25 meters in height. It's time to Sophora flowering occurs at the end of the summer, and its fruit ripens in October and are located on the tree all winter. Sophora japonica is resistant to drought, saline soils, it is capable of transferring small frosts. Chinese healers have long used Sophora medicinal purposes: to relieve fever, dry moisture, gases and get rid of intestinal parasites. Therefore Sophora japonica drugs used for the treatment of dysentery and jaundice, swelling and dysuria and pruritus and eczema.
For the preparation of medicines used flowers and fruits of Sophora containing isoflavone and flavonoid glycosides, in particular routines. Ruthin restores and tightens the vascular wall, making it more elastic, and remove organic deposits from the walls of capillaries. Therefore, routine in combination with ascorbic acid is prescribed for diseases that are accompanied by a violation of vascular permeability, with hemorrhagic vasculitis, capillary toxicosis and thrombocytopenia, as well as hemorrhagic diathesis, hemorrhages in the retina, capillary toxicosis, radiation sickness, bacterial endocarditis, rheumatism, glomerulonephritis, hypertension diseases, allergic diseases, measles
Measles in children - may cause serious complications
, Scarlet fever, typhus.
Among the indications for use of Sophora japonica as psoriasis, lupus, hypertension, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, kidney disease, ulcerative colitis, cancer of the throat, nose, throat, periodontal disease, thrombophlebitis, hemorrhoids, fungus, eczema, breast
Breast - the mirror Women's Health
, Uterine and prostate.
The active ingredients in the composition of Sophora japonica
Matrine and oxymatrine compound similar to it - the main active substances as part of the root of Sophora. It alkaloids, and they make up about 2% of the dry and about 1% of the fresh root of Sophora. As part of the plant is also present dozens of other alkaloids, but in relatively small amounts.
Properly prepared decoction of the roots of Sophora contains 60-300 mg of the main alkaloids in the 3-15 grams of dried flowers or roots. Traditional medicine recommends taking a decoction of 30 grams of Sophora per day, divided into two or more receptions.
Unlike many other plant alkaloids, which are used in medical practice, matrine and oxymatrine have very low toxicity and their adverse effects on the central nervous system is negligible. In general, Sophora has a sedative effect on the central nervous system. Thus, clinical studies showed that the syrup containing 10 grams of Sophora root extract (about 200 mg of alkaloids), which effectively helps to prevent insomnia and can sometimes even replace the previously used drugs sedatives.
Side effects are minor Sophora. If you exceed the recommended dose may be side effects from the gastrointestinal tract: nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, constipation; in rare cases, dizziness, hair loss and rash. If you take less than 30 grams a day Sophora drugs, side effects are not observed.
Typical dosage formulations Sophora 300-600 mg a day (at 2% of alkaloids, which corresponds to the root of 15-30 grams per day), although in some instances, the higher dose (e.g., in one study the dose for the treatment of arrhythmia was gradually raised to 1000 -1500 mg three times a day). Adverse reactions to alkaloids are rarely observed. When the drug is administered intravenously, it can be a pain at the injection site, but it is quite common. For oral application may occur by the reaction of the digestive tract (e.g., nausea). In the case of very high doses of oxymatrine can inhibit the function of the immune system, which is associated with increased levels of calcium in lymphocytes.
Contraindications preparations Sophora japonica are individual intolerance, pregnancy and lactation, and age 14 years. Treatment should be under the supervision of a doctor and avoid overdose, as the plant is very poisonous.
What it is and where it grows Sophora japonica
Sophora japonica - a tree up to 20 m with a greenish-gray, short-pubescent shoots, belongs to the family of legumes. Bark gray tree trunks covered with cracks and fissures. Leaves over 20 cm long, with a few pairs of leaflets. Leaflets are oval in shape, bottom covered with whitish hairs, and on top - a dark, smooth and shiny. Small cream flowers gathered in panicles and have a strong pleasant odor. Fruits - large pods with beaded bare beans, first green, then brown, do not fall and winter. Blooms in July-August, the fruits ripen in October-November. As a medicinal plant harvested in summer flowers in early autumn - unripe fruits, breaking off the top with flowers or fruits. Dried in the shade under the eaves, in the draft, store in a dry place.
It grows in Japan and China. As an ornamental plant Sophora japonica is grown in the Caucasus, in southern Ukraine, in Central Asia. The tree is drought tolerant, but is afraid of wind and frost.
The chemical composition and medicinal properties
The chemical composition of Sophora japonica is not fully understood, but it is known that in the bud and beans Sophora japonica contains a complex of biologically active substances, including rutin - an organic compound having vitamin activity. Rutin strengthens capillary walls by regulating their permeability; It enhances the effect of ascorbic acid.
Medicines derived from Sophora japonica, reduced flexibility (i.e. lower brittleness) of blood vessels, purified them walls of various kinds of sediments (including the cholesterol plaques), normalizes metabolism, thereby reducing the level of cholesterol and blood glucose soothe, normalize blood pressure. The reduced blood flow is the prevention of stroke, myocardial infarction and vascular impairment. Furthermore, Sophora japonica normalizes immune processes, including reducing allergy phenomena.
Indications, contraindications for receiving the Sophora japonica, and the side effects that may arise out of its application
Medications from Sophora japonica are used both internally and externally. Inside (in the form of infusions and tinctures) Sophora japonica appointed:
- with increased permeability of small blood vessels (capillaries) and a tendency to bleeding usually in combination with ascorbic acid;
- with hemorrhages in the retina of the eye;
- when radiation effects - rises immunity;
- rheumatism - decreases swelling of the joints;
- in infectious and allergic diseases of the kidneys (glomerulonephritis), in which the protein lost in the urine and red blood cells - red blood cells;
- for hypertension - prevents swelling and reduces blood pressure;
- allergic diseases - reduces allergic reactions;
- colitis (inflammation of the colon) - decreases swelling of tissues;
- metabolic disorders (eg, diabetes, in which the affected small blood vessels);
- under certain childhood infections, accompanied by swelling and rashes on the skin (eg, measles);
- when blood disorders associated with increased capillary fragility.
Outwardly Sophora japonica is used in the form of infusions and tinctures in the form of irrigation, washing and wet dressings with festering wounds, burns and ulcers, nonhealing, as well as for gargling in inflammatory processes in the throat and tonsils.
Contraindications for receiving drugs from Sophora japonica is an idiosyncrasy of this plant, pregnancy and lactation
Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!
Side effects of the application of Sophora japonica can manifest as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
How to cook the drug on the basis of Sophora japonica
On the basis of Sophora japonica in the home, you can prepare the infusion, and the infusion:
- tincture of fruits or flowers Sophora japonica: a tablespoon of minced raw pour half a glass of vodka, insist 10 days in a dark place, filter and take the inside of 30-40 drops three times daily after meals; For external use, an aqueous solution infusion (2 teaspoons of tincture dissolved in 90 ml of water), which was washed with sores or used for gargling.
- infusion Sophora japonica flowers: half tablespoon dried minced raw pour a glass of boiled water, half an hour to insist on a water bath
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, Drain, refill to the original level and ingest a quarter cup three times a day after meals.
If used wisely Sophora japonica (that is prescribed by a doctor), it will certainly benefit.