Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) has a variety of symptoms, including mood swings, breast tenderness, increased appetite, fatigue, irritability and depression. Approximately three out of four women experience PMS in one way or another. As a rule, 30 years after symptoms begin to manifest this state less and less.
Typically PMS symptoms appear in a specific pattern. However, the physical and emotional changes experienced by a woman during PMS may be particularly intense in certain months, and barely noticeable - in others.
In any case, this issue should not be allowed to manage their lives. There is a special treatment that can effectively deal with PMS.
The most common signs and symptoms of PMS
Emotional and behavioral symptoms:
- Stress or anxiety
Anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease?
- Depressed mood;
- Tears for no apparent reason;
- Mood swings, irritability
Irritability - you try to control my temper
- Changes in appetite and / or a craving for certain foods;
- Problems with falling asleep (insomnia);
- Avoiding communication;
- Poor concentration.
Physical signs and symptoms:
- Pain in joints or muscles;
- Weight gain due to fluid retention in the tissues;
- Breast tenderness;
- Constipation or diarrhea.
Despite the long list of possible signs and symptoms, the majority of women in PMS encountered only some of these problems.
In some women, the physical pain and emotional stress
How to beat stress? Create an oasis
It is so severe that affect their daily lives and activities. Most of them have symptoms of PMS disappear when menstruation begins.
A small number of women suffering from PMS, it is the state of every month causes symptoms that disrupt their ability to cope with their responsibilities. This form is also called premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
PMDD is a severe form of PMS symptoms such as depression, hopelessness, anger, anxiety, low self-esteem, difficulty concentrating, irritability and tension. I have a number of women with severe PMS, there are major mental illnesses
Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?
When to see a doctor
If you feel you can not cope with PMS alone, and that his symptoms may significantly reduce the quality of your life as soon as possible consult a physician.
It is not known what causes PMS, but the following factors may contribute to this condition:
- Cyclical changes in hormone levels. Signs and symptoms of SCI vary with fluctuations in hormonal levels, and disappearing with the onset of pregnancy and menopause.
- Chemical changes in the brain. Fluctuations in the level of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in creating the mood of the person, may be a trigger PMS. Lack of serotonin can contribute to premenstrual depression and sleep disorders, and fatigue.
- Depression. Some women with severe PMS is not diagnosed with depression, although it may be a contributing factor, but not the main cause of PMS.
- Stress can aggravate some of the symptoms of PMS.
- Poor diet. Some PMS symptoms associated with a lack of vitamins and minerals. In addition, consumption of too large amounts of salty foods, which can cause fluid retention, as well as abuse of alcohol and some drinks with caffeine, can cause fatigue and mood swings typical of the ICP.
There is no way a physical examination or laboratory findings that would confidently diagnose PMS. For diagnosis usually requires:
Keep a diary. For at least two menstrual cycles necessary to write all of their symptoms and also the date - when they appear and disappear when. It is also advisable to note that you eat and what to do when there was an exacerbation of symptoms, under any circumstances, the symptoms of PMS is especially soft, and so on.
Fill out the questionnaire. Typically, this is done in the first day of the month. Questions concerning any PMS symptoms that the patient could experience over the previous two weeks.
For the treatment of PMS can be used the following tools:
- Antidepressants. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, such as fluoxetine and paroxetine, successfully fighting the symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances and depression.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen, relieve some of the physical symptoms of PMS.
Some medications are used to treat PMS, and are also used to treat TX. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors help to strengthen the action of serotonin, a chemical in the brain.
Premenstrual syndrome and depression
DWP does not mean that you're depressed. Some drugs help in the treatment and depression, and the DWP.
Some medications from the DWP should be taken 10-14 days before the anticipated onset of menses.
Other treatment options
If drug therapy will be ineffective, the physician will recommend other treatment options, depending on your lifestyle and health.