- Kidney failure - when treatment is vital
- How to define
Renal failure - a violation of the kidneys, which can be chronic or acute. Acute renal failure is caused by damage to the kidneys, or if any violation slows blood flow to the kidneys. It can cause illness and violating the output of urine from the body.
Acute renal failure
Acute renal failure is the sudden breach of the kidneys' ability to perform their primary function - removal of excess fluid and salts (electrolytes) as well as waste from the blood. The content of the liquid waste and electrolytes in the body when it rises to a dangerous level.
This violation is developing very quickly - within a few hours or days. The most frequently in previously hospitalized people, especially in seriously ill patients requiring intensive care.
Acute renal failure can be life-threatening and requires immediate treatment. However, the damage caused by the disease often has a reversible character. We generally healthy kidney function can be fully restored.
Signs and symptoms of acute renal failure:
- Reducing the amount of urine
- Fluid retention in the body, as a result, swelling of the feet
Swelling of the legs - do not leave without attention
and sometimes other parts of the body
- Shortness of breath
- Convulsions; in severe cases - coma
- Pain or pressure in the chest
When these and other disturbing symptoms you should contact your doctor.
Slow blood flow to the kidney may cause:
- Blood loss
- Medicines for high or low blood pressure
- Heart attack
- Various heart disease
- Cirrhosis of the liver
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen
- Severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis)
- Severe burns
- Severe dehydration
Kidney damage can cause:
- Blood clots in the veins and arteries of the kidneys
- The formation of cholesterol plaques that block blood flow to the kidneys
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome
- Medications, such as some chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, coloring agents, used during medical imaging tests and zoledronic acid (Reclast, Zometa), through which the treating osteoporosis
Osteoporosis - he threatens you?
and elevated levels of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia)
- Multiple myeloma
- Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
- Exposure to toxins such as alcohol, heavy metals and cocaine
Violation of the output of urine from the body can be caused by the following diseases:
- Bladder Cancer
- Blood clots in the urinary tract
- Cervical cancer
- Colon cancer
- Prostate enlargement
- Kidney stones
- Damage to nerves, including nerves that help control the bladder
- Prostate cancer
The following factors increase the risk of acute renal failure:
- Hospitalization, especially in serious condition requiring intensive care
- Advanced age
- Peripheral Arterial Disease
- High blood pressure
- Heart failure
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
Complications of acute renal insufficiency may be irreversible kidney damage. To survive, these patients required dialysis or
Dialysis - maintains normal body
- Mechanical filtration to remove toxins and wastes from the body, or a kidney transplant.
In some cases, acute renal failure leading to death of the patient.
Chronic renal failure
Chronic renal failure - a gradual decline in kidney function.
In the early stages of the disease can occur almost asymptomatic; it may not occur until the renal function is not significantly impaired.
Treatment of chronic renal failure is intended to slow the progression of disorders, usually by controlling the underlying disease.
Symptoms of chronic renal failure
- Reducing the amount of urine
- Lack of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- Sleep disorders
- Muscle spasms
- Swelling of the legs
- Constant itching
Signs and symptoms of chronic renal failure
Chronic renal failure - what to do and how to be?
They are often non-specific, in other words, they can be characterized and other diseases.