- Nephroptosis kidney: lowered or wandering
- As shown
Nephroptosis, also known as floating kidney, characterized by the omission of the kidneys when the position of the body, especially when a person stands up from a lying position. This is because the surrounding kidney tissue not support it adequately; doctors were able to identify kidney nephroptosis more than a hundred years ago.
The most common nephroptosis kidney develops in young women, in particular - have skinny women with small waist. In rare cases it is caused by a congenital structural defects; significantly more likely to cause kidney damage it is Nephroptosis or a strong blow to the area below the kidneys. Nephroptosis may develop for no apparent reason.
Normally, the kidney is held in place perirenal tissue - soft connective tissue. If it is not strong enough, the kidney can be moved, and when a person takes a vertical position, lowered into the pelvic region. (In fact, the kidney usually descend on no more than 5 cm).
Sometimes nephroptosis asymptomatic. In some cases, violations have the following symptoms: feeling of discomfort in the lower abdomen, fever, nausea,
Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system
and high blood pressure.
In some cases, the displacement of the kidney causes the compression of the urethra, which can cause a very painful and difficult urination.
To diagnose Nephroptosis need to make some x-rays - in the supine position and standing. This will determine the offset kidney and eliminate or identify other diseases that can cause similar symptoms. Many people are unaware that they have nephroptosis kidney; frequent violation is detected only when a very severe symptoms, or during routine medical examination. Often, however, people are living usual lives, unaware of their disease.
If nephroptosis kidney are asymptomatic, treatment may not be necessary.
If necessary, treatment is prescribed, most often - surgery. Previously, when nephroptosis required relatively invasive surgery; Today it is made using a laparoscope, which greatly reduces the likelihood of complications and reduce the recovery time after surgery. During the operation, mobility is reduced kidney, thereby eliminating the painful symptoms. The outcome of the operation, in most cases favorable.
Nephroptosis kidney usually not a dangerous condition, but it may have some complications. For example:
- Kidney stones;
- Renal ischemia
Ischemia - when the brain fails to work
- Possible complications of surgery at nephroptosis kidney:
- Urinary tract infections;
- Various intestinal damage;
- Damaged or pinched nerve genitofemoral.