Vascular dystonia - a violation of the autonomic functions of the body - What causes vascular dystonia

December 25, 2008

  • Vascular dystonia - a violation of the autonomic functions of the organism
  • What causes vascular dystonia

What causes vascular dystonia

Vascular dystonia is not an independent disease, but its symptoms are often more severe, as it were "shadowing" the underlying disease.

Vascular dystonia develops as a consequence of neurosis under various conditions and diseases, the most common of which are:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • endocrine disorders (puberty, menopause);
  • endocrine diseases (e.g., thyroid);
  • stress, neurosis, emotional stress;
  • organic (with changes in tissue) lesions of the brain (trauma, tumors, cerebrovascular accident - stroke).

 What causes vascular dystonia | vascular dystonia - a violation of the autonomic functions of the organism

Signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia

Symptoms of vascular dystonia depend on which organs are involved in the process. May exhibit isolated symptoms (eg, from the cardiovascular system), but can - just by several organ systems.

  • Cardio-vascular system - heart, heart pain Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor  Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor
 , Feeling disruptions of cardiac rhythm, and a sinking heart, sharp fluctuations in blood pressure.
  • The respiratory system - a fast or irregular breathing, feeling short of breath, weight, chest congestion, there may be sudden onset of shortness of breath with breathing difficulties, sometimes attacks of breathlessness remind bronchial asthma (difficult breathing out).
  • On the part of the digestive system - dry mouth, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
 , Nausea, vomiting, belching Belching: why it happens and that means  Belching: why it happens and that means
 Heartburn, constipation or diarrhea. Can disrupt appetite, taste, secretory and motor (motor), the function of the stomach and intestines.
  • With the genitourinary system - frequent, painful urination in the absence of any real disease, lack of orgasm at the continuing sexual attraction, etc.
  • On the part of the central nervous system - weakness, lethargy, decreased performance and increased fatigue with a small load, tearfulness, irritability, headaches, dizziness, sensitivity to weather changes, sleep disturbance, unpredictable fluctuations in body temperature (37-38 ° C - 35 ° FROM).

Vascular dystonia may occur at heart (heart pain, arrhythmia), hypotensive (low blood pressure, a tendency to fainting) and hypertensive (high blood pressure) type.

 What causes vascular dystonia | vascular dystonia - a violation of the autonomic functions of the organism

Crises in vegetative-vascular dystonia

Sometimes vegetative-vascular dystonia crises occur, the main manifestation of which depend on whether VNS department involved in the process.

With the predominance of the activity of the sympathetic division develops sympathoadrenal crisis, which is manifested excitement, anxiety, tremors throughout the body, chilliness. On the face, neck and chest have red spots (or abrupt paleness), increased blood pressure, heart palpitations.

With the predominance of the activity of the parasympathetic division during the crisis there is a feeling of fear, anguish, sweating, nausea, excessive salivation Profuse salivation - find out the cause  Profuse salivation - find out the cause
 , Bloating, and rumbling stomach, diarrhea, frequent urination.

 What causes vascular dystonia | vascular dystonia - a violation of the autonomic functions of the organism

Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia

To treat vascular dystonia, it is necessary first to identify and treat the underlying disease that is the cause of vegetative-vascular manifestations. Of great importance in the treatment of vascular dystonia have a healthy lifestyle, proper diet, moderate exercise, physical therapy and tempering treatments, reflexology, therapeutic treatments, spa treatment.

All medical treatment is carried out only on prescription. Medications are prescribed depending on the type of vegetative-vascular manifestations. But in any case, are appointed by vitamin-mineral complexes, sedatives and nootropics (drugs that remove oxygen deficiency in the tissues of the brain).

Stroke - rehabilitation: how to restore health - Effects and measures

January 27, 2011

  • Stroke - rehabilitation: how to regain health
  • The consequences and the measures taken

The consequences of stroke and how to recover from his health

Stroke is almost always leaves a certain consequences, which are often the cause of the loss of ability to work sick.

As a result of rehabilitation is possible in varying degrees of health recovery of stroke patients. In some cases the full restoration of health, but it can be done only when a stroke has occurred the death of nerve cells. If the nerve cells in the lesion is still partially lost as a result of remedial actions they take on the functions of other, healthy nerve cells. Sometimes the lesion caused is so great that it is impossible to restore the function of the patient and can only adapt to it; in such cases, patients are often used by such devices as crutches, wheelchairs and so on.

Worse unrecoverable consequences of stroke, if the lesion was located in functionally important areas of the brain responsible for motor function and speech, as well as if the lesion was very large. Poor restored function in the elderly, as well as if a person were to stroke long enough chronic ischemic attack and other diseases. Quickly restores brain function at the beginning of the early comprehensive rehabilitation treatment and long-term systematic conduct. At the same time necessary to move the prevention of post-stroke complications and recurrent strokes.

Of great importance and the active position of the patient and his loved ones without this in any way, even the most advanced, treatment will not be effective.

 Consequences and measures | Stroke - rehabilitation: how to regain health

Restoration of vital functions, violations which occurred in stroke

With the defeat of functionally important regions of the brain can lead to abnormalities such vital functions as swallowing (dysphagia), voice (dysphonia), speech (dysarthria - the inability to pronounce words) and so on. There may be violent laughing or crying, constant drooling and so on.

In case of violation of swallowing immediately after the stroke, the patient sets a special probe with which it subsequently fed to the full restoration of the swallowing function. To restore swallowing function uses special techniques of therapeutic exercises and physical therapy (eg vnutriglotochnuyu electrostimulation). At persistent cases of dysphagia carried out an operation incision muscle spasm that prevents food into the esophagus.

To restore the speech held special sessions with a speech therapist Speech - when to resort to the help of a doctor  Speech - when to resort to the help of a doctor
 Assigned medical treatment: nootropics (they contribute to better assimilation of oxygen by the tissues of the brain), drugs that enhance metabolism Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting  Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
   and dilates the blood vessels of the brain. The main speech recovery occurs in the first six months, but persistent treatment it can be improved in the future, for two years after a stroke.

 Consequences and measures | Stroke - rehabilitation: how to regain health

Recovery of motor disorders

Movement disorders after a stroke - a paresis and paralysis that occur most often on one side. These disorders can be independent, and may be associated with other disorders, such as sensory loss, speech and so on.

Restoring these violations begins with the first days of the disease and may last from three months to two years. The basis for recovery is the continuous movement exercises therapeutic exercises. In addition, the exchange rate of massage, physiotherapy and reflexology Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies  Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies
   (stimulation of certain points on the body, responsible for the operation of certain muscles).

Immediately after the stroke physiotherapy promotes a more rapid return to normal life of patients, prevents the development of spastic contractures (muscle persistent information), severe joint disease, pressure ulcers, venous ulcers, inflammation of the lungs (which often occur during prolonged stationary position of the patient).

Later with the help of active and passive movements of the patients learn to walk, to withstand the rising exercise, recover their self-service skills.

Movement disorders, in turn, can cause trophic (exchange due to circulatory disorders) disorders of the joints, atrophy (decrease in volume, drying) of muscles, pressure sores (metabolic disturbances in the skin).

Trophic disorders of the joints over time, lead to the formation of contractures (joints persistent information in violation of their functions) that develop in the first two months after a stroke. Therefore it is necessary as soon as possible to begin the exercise of therapeutic exercises with the expansion of the volume of active and passive movements. To reduce joint pain Joint pain - how to understand what is going on?  Joint pain - how to understand what is going on?
   appoint special physiotherapy methods of pain relief, such as percutaneous stimulus analgesia diadynamic currents, magnetic therapy pulse and so on. To improve the blood supply to the tissues of the joints used thermotherapy (paraffin wax, mineral wax), massage, medication, improves metabolism in tissues.

Recovering from a stroke - a difficult task which requires significant efforts not only from a doctor, but also on the patient.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • stroke