Citoflavin has no formal indications for the treatment of eye diseases. Nevertheless, he was appointed to restore vision after suffering head injuries, stroke, metabolic disorders of the retina. Furthermore, cytoflavin administered to reduce the side effects of some drugs.
Citoflavin the treatment of visual impairment after suffering head injuries, and ischemic stroke
With traumatic brain injuries may result in any parts of the brain, including the optic nerve and nuclei located in the brain. Thus in a particular area affected or completely destroyed nerve cells (neurons). To restore the functional state of the brain prescribe complex treatment, which consists of vasodilators, agents, improves metabolic processes in cells and so on.
In ischemic stroke as a result of spasm of a single blood vessel, a sharp violation of cerebral circulation. In this part of the cells can die, creating a primary lesion and the surrounding hotbed of cells may not suffer so much, and the appointment of proper early treatment can restore its function.
Citoflavin is a drug that improves metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
in neurons. It increases the amount of energy through more efficient use of glucose and is itself a source of energy, as part of its composition succinic acid decomposes to form ATP. Citoflavin active against the enzyme system cells, forcing them thus to economize oxygen and inhibits the formation of toxic free radicals.
After a stroke or injury cytoflavin helps limit the main lesion and recovery of cells that have suffered, but not killed. Through this action will restore the function of individual cells and the brain as a whole. Including part or all (depending on the severity of injury) restored vision.
Early treatment cytoflavin administered intravenously, spreading it with saline or 5% glucose solution
Glucose: The energy source
. However, his attempt to appoint as soon as possible after an injury or stroke - it prevents the development of complications and contributes to a more rapid and complete restoration of brain functions. In the future, treatments can be done in the form of tablets.
Citoflavin the treatment of visual impairment on the background of retinal degeneration
Macular degeneration - a disease that often goes unnoticed, but sooner or later leads to severe visual impairment, up to its complete loss. Macular degeneration can develop in a variety of chronic diseases of internal organs, severe infections, endocrine disorders (eg, diabetes), intoxications (eg, alcohol, smoking, etc.), and metabolic disorders.
In all these cases, retinal dystrophy develops due to disruption of metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
in the nerve cells of the retina. As a result, improper metabolism in cells accumulate toxic metabolic products, which can cause damage to the retina, which is called dystrophy. Macular degeneration requires immediate treatment, and, the sooner treatment is started, the better the chances to restore vision.
Treatment of retinal degeneration always starts with the elimination of the reasons that caused it. Only after the removal of these causes can actually begin to treat macular degeneration (e.g., with a laser).
Whatever the reason is not underpinned the emergence of retinal degeneration
Macular degeneration - loss of vision possible
Necessarily prescribed drugs that improve blood circulation and its products have a positive influence on the metabolism of the cells of the retina. Citoflavin able to increase blood flow and improve metabolism in the brain, so it is now commonly prescribed for the treatment of macular degeneration.
Under the influence of cytoflavin retinal cells begin to get more power to postpone it in reserve, as without energy is impossible, no biochemical process. With the influx of energy activates protein synthesis and cell literally come alive. This cytoflavin "suppresses" the toxic effects of free radicals and other toxic substances in the cell come to life, enabling it to recover more quickly. Citoflavin cells reduces oxygen demand, and they can function properly under conditions of oxygen deficiency. Cytoflavin Dose and duration of treatments with the individual retinal dystrophy, as they depend on the patient's condition.
Citoflavin is also used in the appointment of patients with the antibiotic chloramphenicol, which as a side effect can cause optic neuritis. Citoflavin in this case prevents the side effect of chloramphenicol.
Citoflavin - a drug, which is increasingly used in ophthalmology.