Sinusitis and sinusitis: characteristics, prevention and treatment

March 3, 2013

 sinusitis and sinusitis
 One of the most unpleasant complications of acute respiratory infection is an inflammation of the sinuses - sinusitis. Sinusitis (inflammation of the maxillary sinuses) - the most common type of sinusitis are also found sinusitis (inflammation of the frontal sinuses), sphenoiditis (inflammation of the sphenoid sinus) and etmoidit (inflammation of the ethmoid cells).

 Sinusitis and sinusitis: characteristics, prevention and treatment

Causes of sinusitis and over

It is often confused with sinusitis sinusitis. Sinusitis - is one form of sinusitis in which inflammation is localized in the maxillary sinuses located on the sides of the nose wings. A feeling of heaviness and pain in these areas will almost certainly signal is a sinus, but the final diagnosis can only be a doctor after the test.

Usually, sinusitis develops against the background of infectious diseases (influenza, scarlet fever, measles Measles in children - may cause serious complications  Measles in children - may cause serious complications
 , Acute rhinitis). Inflammation in the nasal cavity leads to the fact that the opening between the nose and paranasal sinuses are narrowed or closed. As a result of mucus that is produced in the sinuses, it stagnates and becomes a breeding ground for disease-causing bacteria - an inflammation. The paranasal sinuses accumulated viscous pus, which may at any moment break into the neighboring area. This is very dangerous, since other maxillary sinuses are located in close proximity to the brain. The probability of disease sinusitis is higher in people with reduced immunity. There is also a predisposing factors are congenital or acquired diseases of the structures of the nasal cavity, a deviated septum, polyps, allergic rhinitis. Often the disease is preceded by hypothermia.

Symptoms depend on which sinus is struck .  Typically, the disease starts with the common cold .  This symptom is so common that it is often to be taken lightly, neglecting treatment .  But if rhinitis not treated, allocation accumulate in the paranasal sinuses, which leads to inflammation .  The patient said that he constantly stuffy nose .  Breathing is difficult, the voice becomes nasal .  If the nose is not incorporated, it can clear mucous or yellow or green pus, often - with an unpleasant odor .  The sense of smell is dulled .  Furthermore, an unpleasant sensation of heaviness and pain in the area of ​​the nose, the nose, forehead and eyes .  When sinus pain in the morning a little pronounced, but by evening it rises .  For sinusitis characterized by dull pain in the forehead and eye sockets, which are particularly intense in the morning; in the sinus is painful to touch cheeks with the side where the inflammatory process has evolved .  Temperature increases and acute sinusitis could reach thirty-eight degrees .

If sinusitis treatment is not started in time, the disease can easily become chronic. In chronic sinusitis, the temperature is usually not increased, patients feel weak, tired quickly, are also possible sleep disorders Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
 Associated with shortness of breath. Get rid of chronic sinusitis is not easy: at the slightest weakening of the immune system disease escalates.

 Sinusitis and sinusitis: characteristics, prevention and treatment

Preventing sinusitis and sinusitis

Because sinusitis is usually preceded by rhinitis any cause, it is necessary to pay attention to the treatment of the common cold, not hoping that this unpleasant phenomenon will pass by itself. Prevention of sinusitis and other sinusitis is to maintain a constant humidity of the nasal mucosa. You also need to get rid of the swelling of the mucous. Very effectively wash nose salt water or decoction of herbs that have anti-inflammatory effect, you can also apply special pharmaceutical preparations. This measure is very effective for the treatment of rhinitis, and for the prevention of its complications.

Another popular preventative measure - inhalation. Inhaling vapors decoctions from herbs through the mouth and exhale through the nose they can provide effective cleaning of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. In addition, of great importance for the prevention of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses is strengthening the immune system Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system  Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system
 . Fresh air, exercise, and foods rich in vitamins and trace elements to help improve the health and make the body more resistant to infections.

 Sinusitis and sinusitis: characteristics, prevention and treatment

Treatment of sinusitis and sinusitis

The effectiveness of the treatment of sinusitis depends primarily on how quickly the patient went to the doctor. Very often, people try to delay the visit to the otolaryngologist, trying to cure people's means. However inept self can only bring harm, for example, various warming procedures are effective in many cases in the initial stages of the disease, strictly contraindicated with purulent sinusitis Purulent sinusitis - how to prevent the disease  Purulent sinusitis - how to prevent the disease
 . As a result, physicians have to deal with a very neglected disease manifestations that are difficult to treat.

The best-known method of treating sinusitis - sinuses puncture with aspiration of pus and the subsequent washing. This procedure can be avoided if to see a doctor in the early stages of the disease. In this case, the treatment will be complex: drugs, relieving mucosal edema, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antibacterial drops. In most cases, it is necessary and nasal lavage antiseptic solutions, and antibiotics. In addition, doctors usually prescribe physiotherapy, for example, ultraviolet irradiation. If in the paranasal sinuses accumulated pus, without the puncture is usually not enough. This procedure is rather unpleasant, but very effective: in most cases, punctures can quickly get rid of sinusitis.

Maria Bykov

Article Tags:
  • genyantritis

Strong dry cough: the treatment will not be easy

September 4, 2012

 strong dry cough
 A dry cough often develops on the background of various diseases of the respiratory tract. It is difficult to treat. To cure a cough, doctors try to translate it first into the wet, which is much easier to handle. For the treatment of severe dry cough medicines exist as well as folk remedies.

 Strong dry cough: the treatment will not be easy

Why there is a dry cough

Dry cough occurs during stimulation of the nerve endings (cough receptors located in the mucosa) of any of the respiratory tract. To the upper respiratory tract is the nasopharynx, larynx and trachea, the lower - the bronchi and lungs.

The cause of inflammation can be infectious agents of bacterial, viral, fungal origin, as well as protozoa.

In order to establish the pathogen and its sensitivity to various drugs, it is necessary to carry out microbiological examination of sputum. But because the cough is dry, it can be done at the beginning of the disease, and dry cough, doctors often have to treat blind. It is therefore important to translate into a wet cough, and after starting to cough sputum, analyze and, if necessary, adjust the treatment.

 Strong dry cough: the treatment will not be easy

Dry cough - main features

Dry cough obtrusive - this is not always a very good sign. This is called non-productive cough, because the inflammatory process is maintained and may even increase, as there is no resolution of this process.

A dry cough is different depending on which respiratory tract affected. For example, inflammation of the pharynx (throat) causes a dry cough, which is accompanied by a burning sensation in the throat and scratching, and inflammation of the larynx (laryngitis) - shrill barking cough, edema of the larynx which becomes hoarse cough and leads to suffocation. Dry compulsive cough that brings literally sick mind, often develops when pharyngitis fungal origin.

Inflammation of the trachea (tracheitis), dry cough accompanied by a scratching pain behind the breastbone, and bronchitis Bronchitis - protection if the body has malfunctioned  Bronchitis - protection if the body has malfunctioned
   and inflammation of the lungs Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes  Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes
   cause a dull, dry cough. When inflammation of the lungs may be blunt chest pain on the affected side.

Typical dry cough develops with pleurisy (inflammation of the double serous membrane covering the lungs) - it is accompanied by severe pain, the patient whenever possible constrains cough and can not even breathe in deeply. When lung cancer cough can be particularly time-consuming and intrusive from small coughs, to prolonged bouts, when a patient can not stop. With a light dry cough and tuberculosis can begin Tuberculosis - a full recovery is not guaranteed  Tuberculosis - a full recovery is not guaranteed

 Strong dry cough: the treatment will not be easy

How to diagnose

The sudden onset of the disease, sometimes with fever and a runny nose speaks of acute respiratory infections (ARI). If the lungs of this patient do not hear wheezing, and no evidence of laryngitis, it is treated as an ordinary ARI, trying to translate a dry cough Dry cough - whether to worry about it?  Dry cough - whether to worry about it?
   in the wet (productive), in which the cough phlegm. If the patient temperature is kept more than five days and obsessive dry cough continues to grow, it is necessary to exclude pneumonia or pleurisy. To do this, carry out X-ray examination of the lungs and blood count. According to the study doctor decides to appoint a patient.

If a dry cough started slowly, not decrease, but rather increases and signs of acute respiratory infections is not present, the patient should be examined in order to avoid chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract, tuberculosis, cancer and so on.

 Strong dry cough: the treatment will not be easy

Basic principles of treatment

If you were able to establish the causative agent, then held etiotropic (suppression of life pathogen) treatment. Most often possible to identify pathogens of bacterial and fungal origin. If the disease has a viral nature, it is possible to ascertain the pathogen is rare. Acts directly on the pathogen is most effective.

Simultaneously prescribed drugs that promote airway secretion (mucolytics) and its removal from the airways (expectorants). Together with expectorated sputum from the respiratory tract infection pathogens are removed and inflammation products that bring significant relief to the patient. By mucolytics are Bromhexinum, ambroxol, and by extraordinary means - mukaltin, marshmallow root, Thermopsis drugs and so on.

Apply with a dry cough, and folk remedies, such as this: to take a medium-sized radishes, crashed elite, hollowed deepening and add a teaspoon of honey. When the groove is completely filled with juice, stir and take a teaspoon several times a day.

Dry cough can not be treated independently, since it is necessary first to establish its cause, so be sure to consult doctor.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • dry cough