Treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization - What to do

August 8, 2013

  • Treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization
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 than to treat cystitis

How to treat

Methods for the treatment of cystitis largely depend on the nature of the disease and the degree of its severity: in some cases, suppress the symptoms of cystitis may be on their own, with the help of traditional medicine, the acute or chronic cystitis Chronic cystitis: a correct diagnosis - the main  Chronic cystitis: a correct diagnosis - the main
   It requires urgent medical care and treatment with powerful antibiotics.

 What to do | The treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization

Than to treat cystitis in mild cases

Bacterial infection of the urinary tract (cystitis), in some cases, especially in the early stages, may be asymptomatic - infection in such cases found by chance during a routine urine test. In mild cases, you can treat cystitis at home. To suppress the unpleasant symptoms is usually recommended to increase the amount of fluids you drink, drink cranberry juice or a solution of baking soda. Cure uncomplicated cystitis is simple enough - usually the symptoms disappear within three to five days.

 What to do | The treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization

Than to treat acute cystitis

One of the characteristic features of acute bacterial infection of the urinary tract - the presence of bacteria in the urine, which is determined by a special urine. Acute cystitis Cystitis: urgently take action  Cystitis: urgently take action
   accompanied by the recognizable and very unpleasant symptoms - cutting pain when urinating, frequent urination, pain in the lower back. In such cases, the cure cystitis How to treat cystitis - not engage in independent action  How to treat cystitis - not engage in independent action
   you need antibiotics - usually to suppress the symptoms of acute cystitis is assigned a three- or five-day course of trimethoprim or nitrofurantoin (furadonina).

Even if the symptoms of cystitis Cystitis - symptoms: spasms, cramps and discomfort  Cystitis - symptoms: spasms, cramps and discomfort
   disappear at the beginning of treatment, it is necessary to bring it to the end - the wrong approach to the treatment can trigger the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria that caused the cystitis, and complicate its treatment in the future.

 What to do | The treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization

Than to treat chronic cystitis

Chronic cystitis is considered when for six months have seen more than two or three episodes of cystitis. To chronic cystitis can result in the absence of proper treatment, the constant failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene, the formation of bacterial resistance to antibiotics used to treat cystitis. In such cases, the successful treatment of cystitis requires a long course of reception of more powerful antibiotics. Medications are selected based on the results of urine tests for bacterial culture - only tests to determine the presence of resistance in bacteria and, accordingly, choose antibiotic able to kill microorganisms.

 What to do | The treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization

Antibiotics for oral administration

In most cases, cystitis prescribe medical treatment; Surgical techniques are used infrequently and usually only at the interstitial cystitis. Operation can be assigned for correction and structural abnormalities that lead to frequent relapses cystitis. Fortunately, almost all patients can not cope with cystitis using drugs.

This type of drugs most often used to treat cystitis - Antibiotics kill bacteria, which are the causative agents of disease.

Symptoms usually disappear after a few days after starting antibiotics, but to make sure that the disease really took place, you may need blood or urine. If a few days after you start taking antibiotics, the symptoms persist or worsen, contact your doctor, who prescribed the drug. Some experts believe that all women with persistent symptoms of cystitis need to take antibiotics, even a urine test showing low or normal levels of bacteria.

What you need to know?

General recommendations regarding the use of antibiotics:

  • Take antibiotics exactly as directed by your doctor. This applies to the duration of treatment - it should last as long as the expert said. If you stop taking antibiotics too soon, bacteria begin to multiply again; furthermore, they can become resistant to antibiotics, so that successful treatment you may need to take other medication.
  • If you are pregnant or suspect that they could get pregnant, tell your doctor before you start taking antibiotics.

Today, many doctors are concerned that an increasing number of bacteria are becoming resistant to antibiotics, which until recently effectively destroyed them.

Until relatively recently, penicillins, and sulfonamides of all antibiotics commonly used to treat cystitis. Today about a third of the bacteria causing infections of the bladder become resistant to these drugs.

Patients suffering from cystitis is most often prescribed antibiotics following:

  • Amoxicillin;
  • Cephalosporins;
  • Nitrofurantoin;
  • Doxycycline;
  • Trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole.

In some cases, the doctor prescribes a long course of antibiotics; In this case, patients typically need to regularly make urinalysis. Sometimes to eliminate infectious agents must take several drugs at the same time.

 What to do | The treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization


Analgesics are used to relieve symptoms such as pain and burning sensation when urinating. Patients can take both prescription and non-prescription analgesics.

Phenazopyridine (Uropirin) - painkillers, designed specifically for patients suffering from painful urination. It stains the urine bright orange, so during the course of treatment urine can dirty linen and clothes. Shortly after the patient stops taking phenazopyridine, urine becomes normal color.

What you need to know?

  • Take phenazopyridine with food to reduce the chance of stomach upset.
  • If, after the end of treatment you will have a certain amount of preparation, discard the remains. Do not use them for the treatment of exacerbations following cystitis.
  • Keep the medication in a dry place, as far as possible from heat sources.
  • Consult your doctor if during the reception phenazopyridine deterioration occurred.
  • Do not take phenazopyridine if you wear contact lenses.
  • If you have diabetes, keep in mind that phenazopyridine may affect your blood sugar and ketones in the urine. Before taking the drug, consult your physician.

Aspirin is also widely used to relieve pain and discomfort caused by cystitis.

What you need to know?

  • Do not give aspirin to children and teenagers, unless it is prescribed by a doctor. Aspirin under the age of 16 years can cause Reye's syndrome - a rare, life-threatening disorders.
  • Paracetamol does not relieve the inflammation, but it eases the pain and less than many other analgesics causing side effects.
  • Cystitis can also take ibuprofen and naproxen.

 What to do | The treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization

What better analgesic?

In pharmacies, you can offer a variety of analgesics, and decide which one to choose, it is very difficult. Not actually, almost all over the counter analgesics include one or more of the five ingredients: aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen and ketoprofen. Between these medications, there are some differences, but they are well removed mild to moderate pain, reduce fever.

Some of them (such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, ketoprofen) also stops inflammation - they belong to the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Frequent and prolonged admission, they can lead to ulceration and bleeding; the probability of occurrence of these side effects will decrease if you take medication with meals or at least drink a glass of milk.

General precautions:

  • If you are taking any other medicines, ask your doctor what pain relievers you can take.
  • In no case do not exceed the dose specified in the instructions. If you can not relieve the pain, you probably need a more potent drug.
  • Do not drink alcohol when taking analgesics. In combination with NSAIDs alcohol is likely to lead to indigestion and bleeding. Drinking alcohol and taking high doses of acetaminophen can cause serious liver damage.

 What to do | The treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization

Antispasmodic drugs

This group of drugs are sold by prescription only. They weaken the muscle spasms that cause frequent urination. Most commonly prescribed antispasmodic drugs such as tolterodine, oxybutynin and flavoxate.

What you need to know?

  • Take antispasmodic in exact accordance with the instructions of the doctors.
  • Before taking antispasmodic drugs, tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breast-feeding, and if you have diabetes. In addition, the doctor should be informed about any other names you have diseases, and medications you are currently taking (including over the counter medications).

 What to do | The treatment of cystitis - in which cases need hospitalization

Elimination diet for the treatment of interstitial cystitis

Elimination diet is used for food allergy, hypersensitivity to certain food components, as well as in cystitis. The essence of this method is to exclude from the diet foods that may exacerbate symptoms, and then one by one to re-enter them in the diet to find out what kind of product is the source of the problem.

Triggers interstitial cystitis can be:

  • Alcoholic drinks;
  • Artificial sweeteners (e.g., aspartame and saccharin);
  • Caffeine;
  • Citrus juices;
  • Cranberry juice;
  • Hot peppers;
  • Fizzy drinks;
  • Spicy dishes.

Because different people with interstitial cystitis, there may be an adverse reaction to a variety of products, each patient is important to identify your triggers. The process of identifying triggers and change of diet can take a few weeks, but the results are worth it. You can consult with a nutritionist to help you develop it is a diet that will help control the disease, and does not hurt.

If you know that you are allergic to any food, they should also be excluded from your diet (if for any reason you do this is still not done). These products can not only cause an allergic reaction, but also become triggers IC.

  • In the four weeks to completely eliminate from your diet possible triggers. Typically, these are products from the list above: in particular, they often lead to exacerbations of interstitial cystitis. Remember - for four weeks, you do not have to eat these products. You can fool your doctor, but your own body, and if you break this rule elimination diet, it shall not be any good - it will have to start all over again.
  • Begin to add the excluded products in the diet - one in a week. Please return to the diet foods that you miss most. Stop using the product if you notice that he has caused aggravation of interstitial cystitis - it means that you have identified one of their triggers, and now he will have to give up for good.
  • In no case do not return to the diet of more than one product per week - if at that time you will aggravation, you can not understand what kind of products has become the fault. In a standard elimination diet is introduced into the diet one product in three or four days, but a week can better understand how this or that food influences the condition of the body.

Avoid trigger foods, and say goodbye to the problems that it caused at least a year. It happens that the person to trigger sensitivity decreases with time, so after a year you can try again to enter the excluded products in your diet. If it is, as before, will cause an adverse reaction, you have to continue to avoid it. If not - can re-use it in food, as it now is safe for you.