Ureaplasma parvum - a type of ureaplasmas second type is called a ureaplasma urealitikum. But as in the body of patients with frequent both kinds ureaplasmas, there is a term that unites them - the ureaplasma spetsies. It is the name most commonly seen in laboratory analyzes. Recent studies have revealed that the ureaplasma parvum has a higher pathogenicity than ureaplasma urealitikum.
What is ureaplasma parvum
Ureaplasma parvum - is one of the two types of ureaplasmas belonging to the family of mycoplasma (the second type is known as ureaplasma urealitikum). This is a very small bacterium, slightly larger than the size of a virus that lives in the mucous membranes of the genito-urinary organs. Just as another kind ureaplasmas Ureaplasma parvum has a urease activity, ie the ability to split urea to form ammonia.
This poses a threat to the development of inflammation and the formation of stones in the urinary system.
Ureaplasma parvum is considered to be intracellular parasite: it does not have a clear membrane, allowing it to join the membrane of cells of the mucous membranes and destroy them. Ureaplasma parvum may also secrete enzymes which break down proteins, including immunoglobulin A, which forms antibodies to infectious agents, running in the region of the mucous membranes. This leads to a reduction of local immunity Ureaplasma parvum and penetration into cells.
Diseases that can cause Ureaplasma parvum
Not so long ago it was thought that both types ureaplasmas can equally cause as carrier ureaplasmas and inflammation - ureaplasma infection (ureaplasmosis). Therefore, there is even a term that combines ureaplasma urealitiku and ureaplasma parvum - ureaplasma spetsies.
Today, there are numerous scientific studies on the effects on humans of different types of ureaplasmas. An increasing number of researchers thus conclude that Ureaplasma parvum has a higher pathogenicity (ability to cause disease) than ureaplasma urealitikum. Thus, it was found that the carrier ureaplasmas who showed no signs of inflammation, 80% of infectious agents make pathogens Ureaplasma urealitikum. Whereas in inflammatory processes of female genital sphere, and especially with the defeat of the internal female genitals base percentage up pathogens Ureaplasma parvum species.
In the study of men found that Ureaplasma parvum causes long flowing inflammatory processes that often lead to the formation of male infertility, as Ureaplasma parvum first spermicides, "clinging" to their cells, and secondly inhibits their motor activity.
Furthermore, Ureaplasma parvum actively inhibits the action of not only IgA but also immune cells, destroying them as well as the epithelial cells of urinary organs.
Ureaplasmosis symptoms caused by infection Ureaplasma parvum
Ureaplasma parvum rarely causes carriage. Inflammation caused by this pathogen have a long course and the development of severe complications. This disease often develops unnoticed, which contributes to its long-term course without treatment.
Women Ureaplasma parvum can cause inflammation, which appear first as small transparent selections
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of the genital tract and urinary disorders (frequent painful urination), and then after some time there are signs of internal genitals.
They manifest an increase in temperature (not always), violation of general condition, malaise, headaches. Against this background, there are pains in the lower abdomen
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Sometimes - muco-purulent discharge, which often indicate the accession of other bacterial infections (such as staphylococcus).
Especially dangerous is the disease during pregnancy, it can lead to miscarriage
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And the development of intrauterine infection of the fetus, low birth weight and premature babies, as well as to the development of a woman's postpartum endometritis, which flows tend to be very hard.
In men ureaplasma
This insidious ureaplasma - often too late
parvum can cause sluggish first occurring urethritis, and then defeat the prostate, epididymis and testicles themselves. All this leads to the development of persistent infertility.
Thus, Ureaplasma parvum has a higher pathogenicity than the second type of ureaplasmas - ureaplasma urealitikum.