Ureaplasma parvum - intracellular parasite

January 23, 2013

 Ureaplasma parvum
 Ureaplasma parvum - a type of ureaplasmas second type is called a ureaplasma urealitikum. But as in the body of patients with frequent both kinds ureaplasmas, there is a term that unites them - the ureaplasma spetsies. It is the name most commonly seen in laboratory analyzes. Recent studies have revealed that the ureaplasma parvum has a higher pathogenicity than ureaplasma urealitikum.

 Ureaplasma parvum - intracellular parasite

What is ureaplasma parvum

Ureaplasma parvum - is one of the two types of ureaplasmas belonging to the family of mycoplasma (the second type is known as ureaplasma urealitikum). This is a very small bacterium, slightly larger than the size of a virus that lives in the mucous membranes of the genito-urinary organs. Just as another kind ureaplasmas Ureaplasma parvum has a urease activity, ie the ability to split urea to form ammonia.

This poses a threat to the development of inflammation and the formation of stones in the urinary system.

Ureaplasma parvum is considered to be intracellular parasite: it does not have a clear membrane, allowing it to join the membrane of cells of the mucous membranes and destroy them. Ureaplasma parvum may also secrete enzymes which break down proteins, including immunoglobulin A, which forms antibodies to infectious agents, running in the region of the mucous membranes. This leads to a reduction of local immunity Ureaplasma parvum and penetration into cells.

 Ureaplasma parvum - intracellular parasite

Diseases that can cause Ureaplasma parvum

Not so long ago it was thought that both types ureaplasmas can equally cause as carrier ureaplasmas and inflammation - ureaplasma infection (ureaplasmosis). Therefore, there is even a term that combines ureaplasma urealitiku and ureaplasma parvum - ureaplasma spetsies.

Today, there are numerous scientific studies on the effects on humans of different types of ureaplasmas. An increasing number of researchers thus conclude that Ureaplasma parvum has a higher pathogenicity (ability to cause disease) than ureaplasma urealitikum. Thus, it was found that the carrier ureaplasmas who showed no signs of inflammation, 80% of infectious agents make pathogens Ureaplasma urealitikum. Whereas in inflammatory processes of female genital sphere, and especially with the defeat of the internal female genitals base percentage up pathogens Ureaplasma parvum species.

In the study of men found that Ureaplasma parvum causes long flowing inflammatory processes that often lead to the formation of male infertility, as Ureaplasma parvum first spermicides, "clinging" to their cells, and secondly inhibits their motor activity.

Furthermore, Ureaplasma parvum actively inhibits the action of not only IgA but also immune cells, destroying them as well as the epithelial cells of urinary organs.

 Ureaplasma parvum - intracellular parasite

Ureaplasmosis symptoms caused by infection Ureaplasma parvum

Ureaplasma parvum rarely causes carriage. Inflammation caused by this pathogen have a long course and the development of severe complications. This disease often develops unnoticed, which contributes to its long-term course without treatment.

Women Ureaplasma parvum can cause inflammation, which appear first as small transparent selections Transparent allocation when they are normal?  Transparent allocation when they are normal?
   of the genital tract and urinary disorders (frequent painful urination), and then after some time there are signs of internal genitals.

They manifest an increase in temperature (not always), violation of general condition, malaise, headaches. Against this background, there are pains in the lower abdomen Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?  Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
 Sometimes - muco-purulent discharge, which often indicate the accession of other bacterial infections (such as staphylococcus).

Especially dangerous is the disease during pregnancy, it can lead to miscarriage Miscarriage - why you lose the most precious thing?  Miscarriage - why you lose the most precious thing?
 And the development of intrauterine infection of the fetus, low birth weight and premature babies, as well as to the development of a woman's postpartum endometritis, which flows tend to be very hard.

In men ureaplasma This insidious ureaplasma - often too late  This insidious ureaplasma - often too late
   parvum can cause sluggish first occurring urethritis, and then defeat the prostate, epididymis and testicles themselves. All this leads to the development of persistent infertility.

Thus, Ureaplasma parvum has a higher pathogenicity than the second type of ureaplasmas - ureaplasma urealitikum.

Galina Romanenko

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White blood cells in urine - complications are inevitable

January 31, 2010

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 leukocytes in urine
 White blood cells - white blood cells whose main task - to protect the body against harmful microorganisms and suppressing infections. White blood cells are able to penetrate into the tissue and absorb foreign particles (a process called phagocytosis). Destruction of such foreign particle in large quantities leads to the death of leukocytes and their renal excretion. Leukocytes in the urine - one of the main signs of any inflammatory process in the internal organs.

Urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. White blood cells, or white blood cells, usually struggle with pathogens of various diseases enter the body. The presence of white blood cells can be established after analyzing the urine. Often, their presence in the urine is a sign of urinary tract infections. Typically, these infections affect the kidney or bladder, and sometimes the two bodies. Normal indicator of the level of white blood cells in urine is 0-10 lev / vl.

If the figure exceeds 20 lev / vl, you can most likely assume that the reason for this is a disease.

Each urine sample is visually examined in a laboratory, using a microscope and chemical reagents. Results of the analysis provide detailed information on the composition of urine, and general health of the patient. White blood cells in the urine can be detected with a microscope or chemical reagents, which allows you to detect the presence of esterase - an enzyme that is produced by white blood cells.

 White blood cells in urine - complications are inevitable

White blood cells in the urine, and diseases of the genitourinary system

The main reason for the appearance of white blood cells in urine - a variety of diseases of the genitourinary system, urethritis and cystitis Urethritis - a very male disease  Urethritis - a very male disease
   to pyelonephritis, inflammatory kidney disease. Most often, the appearance of white blood cells in the urine cause urinary tract infections and bladder, which quickly and effectively suppressed the standard course of antibiotics.

After proper treatment urinalysis usually shows at least white blood cells and white blood cell count does not exceed the norm.

Inadequate treatment of urinary tract infection can lead to development of pyelonephritis - kidney infection, which, in addition to appearing in the urine of large amounts of leukocytes, accompanied by other typical symptoms, including fever, pain in the kidney, nausea and vomiting. This disease, in contrast to cystitis, which in some cases can be cured on their own, at home, requires immediate medical attention and prompt antibiotic treatment to prevent further damage to the kidneys. In some cases, white blood cells in the urine may be the only symptom of such a disease is asymptomatic or latent, bacteriuria - this bacterial infection of the urinary tract occurs without certain symptoms and can cause pyelonephritis.

 White blood cells in urine - complications are inevitable

Due to the presence of leukocytes in urine

  • Kidney infection, such as pyelonephritis, it may cause the leukocytes in urine. It is an infection that begins to develop in the urinary tract, and then spreads to the kidneys. Most susceptible to kidney infection people with a weakened immune system or those who for a long time using a catheter.
  • Bladder infections or cystitis Cystitis: urgently take action  Cystitis: urgently take action
   (inflammation of the urinary tract and urethra), may also cause the appearance of leukocytes in urine.
  • Hematuria (the presence of all the elements of the blood in the urine) is one of the consequences of urinary tract obstruction. The cause of the obstruction can be trauma, tumors, kidney stones Kidney stones: identify and treat  Kidney stones: identify and treat
   or gall bladder, prostate hypertrophy or the presence of foreign bodies in the urinary tract.
  • During pregnancy, there is often the presence of leukocytes in urine. In most cases, this is due to the activity of hormones, but if the level of white blood cells significantly higher than normal and remain high for some time, perhaps a woman there is any infection.
  • Frequent and prolonged containment of urination can weaken the bladder, which is why it can not be emptied completely. The remaining urine may start to breed bacteria causing the infection, because of what happens raising leukocytes in urine.

 White blood cells in urine - complications are inevitable


Symptoms presence of leukocytes in urine could be:

  • Kidney inflammation
  • Bladder tumor Urinary bladder - structure and function  Urinary bladder - structure and function
  • Fever
  • The presence of blood in urine
  • Burning and pain while urinating
  • Turbid urine and / or bad smelling urine

 White blood cells in urine - complications are inevitable


The choice of treatment depends on the underlying disease. In most cases, infections with antibiotics do well. Cystitis is not always required to take antibiotics or other medicines. Symptoms of this disease are a few days, but you can speed recovery household ways. When the disease is, the level of white blood cells in the urine returns to normal.

To prevent the development of infections and getting into the urine leukocytes further need to observe the rules of hygiene, and strengthen the immune system.